A report on Mongolia and Inner Mongolia

Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
7th-century artifacts found 180 km from Ulaanbaatar.
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
Mongol Empire expansion (1206 till 1294)
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
This map shows the boundary of the 13th-century Mongol Empire compared to today's Mongols. The red area shows where the majority of Mongolian speakers reside today.
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent.
Inner Mongolian steppes
Genghis Khan the first Mongol Emperor
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Altan Khan (1507–1582) founded the city of Hohhot, helped introduce Buddhism and originated the title of Dalai Lama
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
The eighth Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, Bogd Khaan
Theater in Hohhot
Map of unified Mongolia in 1917
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Khorloogiin Choibalsan led Mongolia during the Stalinist era and presided over an environment of intense political persecution
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
Mongolian troops fight against the Japanese counterattack at Khalkhin Gol, 1939
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
Mongolian Premier Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal was the longest-serving leader in the Soviet Bloc, with over 44 years in office
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
The southern portion of Mongolia is taken up by the Gobi Desert, while the northern and western portions are mountainous.
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Mongolia map of Köppen climate classification zones.
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
The Khentii Mountains in Terelj, close to the birthplace of Genghis Khan.
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Bactrian camels by sand dunes in Gobi Desert.
Ulaanbutan grassland
Mongolian steppe
Inner Mongolian grassland
Ulaanbaatar is the capital and largest city of Mongolia
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
In settlements, many families live in ger districts
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Amarbayasgalant Monastery
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
State Great Khural chamber in session
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Mongolia's President Tsakhia Elbegdorj with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, June 2016
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Mongolia's President Khaltmaagiin Battulga and Vladimir Putin in Vladivostok, September 2017
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Mongolian, Chinese and Russian national flags set on armored vehicles during the large-scale military exercise Vostok 2018 in Eastern Siberia
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Mongolia
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
A proportional representation of Mongolia exports, 2019
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
View of Ulaanbaatar with the Blue Sky Tower
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Oyu Tolgoi employs 18,000 workers and expects to be producing 450,000 tonnes of copper a year by 2020
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Train in Zamyn-Üüd station in Dornogovi aimag
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
While the Mongolian horse continues to be revered as the national symbol, they are rapidly being replaced by motorized vehicles.
Alshaa mountain scenery
Mongolian ferry Sukhbaatar on Lake Khovsgol in Khovsgol Province
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756
A ger in front of the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains
Musician playing the traditional Mongolian musical instrument morin khuur
Mongolian media interviewing the opposition Mongolian Green Party in 2008. The media has gained significant freedoms since democratic reforms initiated in the 1990s.
Naadam is the largest summer celebration.
Riders during Naadam festival
Kazakh hunters in Mongolia with eagles
1236-1242 Mongol invasions of Europe

Its border includes most of the length of China's border with the country of Mongolia.

- Inner Mongolia

By 1636 most Inner Mongolian tribes had submitted to the Manchus, who founded the Qing dynasty.

- Mongolia

26 related topics with Alpha


Outer Mongolia and Inner Mongolia within the Qing dynasty.

Outer Mongolia

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Outer Mongolia and Inner Mongolia within the Qing dynasty.
Location of Mongolia Area in the Republic of China
Map of the Republic of China in 1914
After the Treaty of Kyakhta (North) Mongolia in 1915

Outer Mongolia (Mongolian script: or ,Mongolian Cyrillic: or , romanization: Gadaad Mongol or Alr Mongol; Manchu: Tülergi Monggo; ) is the name of a historical territory that consists of the modern state of Mongolia, sometimes called "Outer Mongolia" in China today, and the Russian republic of Tuva.

The name "Outer Mongolia" is contrasted with Inner Mongolia, which corresponds to the region of Inner Mongolia in China.

An Oirat manuscript in "clear script" (todo bichig)

Oirat language

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Mongolic language spoken by the descendants of Oirat Mongols, now forming parts of Mongols in China, Kalmyks in Russia and Mongolians.

Mongolic language spoken by the descendants of Oirat Mongols, now forming parts of Mongols in China, Kalmyks in Russia and Mongolians.

An Oirat manuscript in "clear script" (todo bichig)

Oirat-speaking areas are scattered across the far west of Mongolia, the northwest of China and Russia's Caspian coast, where its major variety is Kalmyk.

The Alasha dialect in Alxa League in Inner Mongolia originally belonged to Oirat and has been classified as such by some because of its phonology.

Buddha statue in the Erdene Zuu Monastery, Karakorum

Buddhism in Mongolia

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Buddha statue in the Erdene Zuu Monastery, Karakorum
Gilded stupa and a prajnaparamita, Mongolian from the 18th century CE
Statuette of Zanabazar, one of the most influential tulkus of Mongolia
Thangka showing a mountain deity carrying a sword
Buddha by Otgonbayar Ershuu
Stupa in the Khitan city of Bars-Hot
Zayiin Gegeen Monastery in Tsetserleg
Temple at Erdene Zuu monastery established by Abtai Khan in the Khalkha heartland in the 16th century
The Bogd Khan was simultaneously the religious and secular head of state until the 1920s.
Mongol praying at a shrine in Urga.
Ruins of the Ongiin Monastery, Saikhan-Ovoo, Dundgovi.
Mongolian statue of Avalokiteśvara (Mongolian name: Migjid Janraisig), Gandantegchinlen Monastery. World tallest indoor statue, 26.5-meter-high, 1996 rebuilt, (first built in 1913, destroyed in 1937)

Buddhism is the largest religion of Mongolia practiced by 53% of Mongolia's population, according to the 2010 Mongolia census.

Gurudiva Rinpoche (Гүрүдива Ринбүчи), Ordos City, Inner Mongolia

Temple of the Sülde Tngri in the town of Uxin Banner in Inner Mongolia, China, in the Ordos Desert.

Mongolian shamanism

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Temple of the Sülde Tngri in the town of Uxin Banner in Inner Mongolia, China, in the Ordos Desert.
Main hall of the Shrine of the Lord Genghis Khan, in Ordos City, China.
Mongolian Shaman just before rituals. 3 March 2019. Khovsgol lake, Mongolia.
A Buryat boy in a shamanic ritual.
Buryat shaman performing a libation.

Mongolian shamanism (Бөө мөргөл — Böö mörgöl), more broadly called the Mongolian folk religion, or occasionally Tengerism, refers to the animistic and shamanic ethnic religion that has been practiced in Mongolia and its surrounding areas (including Buryatia and Inner Mongolia) at least since the age of recorded history.



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All-Encompassing God of Heaven in the traditional Turko-Mongolian religious beliefs.

All-Encompassing God of Heaven in the traditional Turko-Mongolian religious beliefs.

Spelling of tengri in the Old Turkic script (written from right to left, as t²ṅr²i)
Seal from Güyüg Khan's letter to Pope Innocent IV, 1246. The first four words, from top to bottom, left to right, read "möngke ṭngri-yin küčündür" – "Under the power of the eternal heaven".
The Khan Tengri pyramidal peak

Otgontenger, the highest mountain of the Khangai mountains in Mongolia.

Tengger Desert, a desert in Inner Mongolia, China.


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Erenhot train station
Kissing Sauropods bridge the road outside Erenhot

Erenhot ( Эрээн хот;, commonly shortened to Ereen or Erlian) is a county-level city of the Xilin Gol League, in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, located in the Gobi Desert along the Sino-Mongolian border, across from the Mongolian town of Zamyn-Üüd.