Mongolian script and Mongolian Cyrillic on Sukhbaatar's statue in Ulaanbaatar
Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
Modern Mongolian's place on the chronological tree of Mongolic languages
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
Nova N 176 found in Kyrgyzstan. The manuscript (dating to the 12th century Western Liao) is written in the Mongolic Khitan language using cursive Khitan large script. It has 127 leaves and 15,000 characters.
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
Edict of Yesün Temür Khan, Emperor Taiding of Yuan (1328). Only the 'Phags-pa script retains the complete Middle Mongol vowel system.
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
The Secret History of the Mongols which goes back to a lost Mongolian script original is the only document that allows the reconstruction of agreement in social gender in Middle Mongol.
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
Inner Mongolian steppes
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
Theater in Hohhot
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Ulaanbutan grassland
Inner Mongolian grassland
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Alshaa mountain scenery
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756

The number of speakers across all its dialects may be 5.2 million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the ethnic Mongol residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.

- Mongolian language

The official languages are Mandarin and Mongolian, the latter of which is written in the traditional Mongolian script, as opposed to the Mongolian Cyrillic alphabet, which is used in the state of Mongolia (formerly often described as Outer Mongolia).

- Inner Mongolia

20 related topics with Alpha

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Pre-Proto-Mongolic's position on the chronological tree of Mongolic language

Mongolic languages

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The Mongolic languages are a language family spoken by the Mongolic peoples in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, North Asia and East Asia, mostly in Mongolia and surrounding areas and in Kalmykia and Buryatia.

The Mongolic languages are a language family spoken by the Mongolic peoples in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, North Asia and East Asia, mostly in Mongolia and surrounding areas and in Kalmykia and Buryatia.

Pre-Proto-Mongolic's position on the chronological tree of Mongolic language

The best-known member of this language family, Mongolian, is the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia and the Mongol residents of Inner Mongolia, with an estimated 5.7+ million speakers.

Southern Mongolian

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Southern Mongolian or Inner Mongolian ( Öbör mongγol ayalγu) is a proposed major dialect group within the taxonomy of the Mongolian language.

It is assumed by most Inner Mongolia linguists and would be on the same level as the other three major dialect groups Khalkha, Buryat, Oirat.

An Oirat manuscript in "clear script" (todo bichig)

Oirat language

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An Oirat manuscript in "clear script" (todo bichig)

Oirat (Clear script:, Oirad kelen, ; Kalmyk: Өөрд, Őrd; Khalkha Mongolian: Ойрад, Oirad) is a Mongolic language spoken by the descendants of Oirat Mongols, now forming parts of Mongols in China, Kalmyks in Russia and Mongolians.

The Alasha dialect in Alxa League in Inner Mongolia originally belonged to Oirat and has been classified as such by some because of its phonology.

Mongolia

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Landlocked country in East Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south.

Landlocked country in East Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south.

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7th-century artifacts found 180 km from Ulaanbaatar.
Mongol Empire expansion (1206 till 1294)
This map shows the boundary of the 13th-century Mongol Empire compared to today's Mongols. The red area shows where the majority of Mongolian speakers reside today.
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent.
Genghis Khan the first Mongol Emperor
Altan Khan (1507–1582) founded the city of Hohhot, helped introduce Buddhism and originated the title of Dalai Lama
The eighth Jebtsundamba Khutuktu, Bogd Khaan
Map of unified Mongolia in 1917
Khorloogiin Choibalsan led Mongolia during the Stalinist era and presided over an environment of intense political persecution
Mongolian troops fight against the Japanese counterattack at Khalkhin Gol, 1939
Mongolian Premier Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal was the longest-serving leader in the Soviet Bloc, with over 44 years in office
The southern portion of Mongolia is taken up by the Gobi Desert, while the northern and western portions are mountainous.
Mongolia map of Köppen climate classification zones.
The Khentii Mountains in Terelj, close to the birthplace of Genghis Khan.
Bactrian camels by sand dunes in Gobi Desert.
Mongolian steppe
Ulaanbaatar is the capital and largest city of Mongolia
In settlements, many families live in ger districts
Amarbayasgalant Monastery
State Great Khural chamber in session
Mongolia's President Tsakhia Elbegdorj with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, June 2016
Mongolia's President Khaltmaagiin Battulga and Vladimir Putin in Vladivostok, September 2017
Mongolian, Chinese and Russian national flags set on armored vehicles during the large-scale military exercise Vostok 2018 in Eastern Siberia
Historical development of real GDP per capita in Mongolia
A proportional representation of Mongolia exports, 2019
View of Ulaanbaatar with the Blue Sky Tower
Oyu Tolgoi employs 18,000 workers and expects to be producing 450,000 tonnes of copper a year by 2020
Train in Zamyn-Üüd station in Dornogovi aimag
While the Mongolian horse continues to be revered as the national symbol, they are rapidly being replaced by motorized vehicles.
Mongolian ferry Sukhbaatar on Lake Khovsgol in Khovsgol Province
A ger in front of the Gurvan Saikhan Mountains
Musician playing the traditional Mongolian musical instrument morin khuur
Mongolian media interviewing the opposition Mongolian Green Party in 2008. The media has gained significant freedoms since democratic reforms initiated in the 1990s.
Naadam is the largest summer celebration.
Riders during Naadam festival
Kazakh hunters in Mongolia with eagles
1236-1242 Mongol invasions of Europe

The origin of the Mongolian word "Mongol" is of uncertain etymology, given variously such as the name of a mountain or river; a corruption of the Mongolian Mongkhe-tengri-gal ("Eternal Sky Fire"); or a derivation from Mugulü, the 4th-century founder of the Rouran Khaganate.

By 1636 most Inner Mongolian tribes had submitted to the Manchus, who founded the Qing dynasty.

The Stele of Genghis Khan, with the earliest known inscription in the Mongolian script.

Mongolian script

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The Stele of Genghis Khan, with the earliest known inscription in the Mongolian script.
Two examples of the two kinds of letter separation: with the suffix un ( Brush-written un-uen suffix 2.svg ) and the final vowel a ( Brush-written a-e suffix or seprated vowel 2.svg )
1925 logo of Buryat–Mongolian newspaper Buriyad Mongγolun ünen 'Buryat-Mongol truth' with the suffix undefined un.
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia, China, with a bilingual sign in Chinese and Mongolian
From left to right : Phagspa, Lantsa, Tibetan, Mongolian, Chinese and Cyrillic
Example of word-breaking the name Oyirad 'Oirat', 1604 manuscript
Reed pens
Ink brushes
Writing implements of the Bogd Khan
Folded script style on the coat of arms of Govisümber Province {{Rp|427}}
Mongolian calligraphy of the 13th century work Оюун Түлхүүр (Key of Intelligence)
{{Ill|Mandukhai setsen khatan (film)|lt=|mn|Мандухай сэцэн хатан (кино)|WD=}} title screen, 1988
Stele for Queen Mandukhai the Wise
Cover page with printed hand-lettering in red, early 20th century
Postage stamp with words augmented with letters from the Manchu alphabet, 1932
1 Mongolian tögrög, 1925
Mongolian dollar with a long body of printed text, 1921
Imperial seal of the Bogd Khan, ca 1911.
Mixed Manchu–Mongolian text on a Paiza.
Poem composed and brush-written by Injinash, 19th century
Nogeoldae textbook in Korean and Mongolian, 18th century
Mongolian on the far left of a Yonghe Temple board in Beijing, 1722
Letter from the Il-Khan Öljaitü to King Philip IV of France, 1305
Silver dirham from the reign of the Il-Khan Arghun, 1297
Imperial seal of Güyük Khan in letter to Pope Innocent IV, 1246

The classical or traditional Mongolian script, also known as the , was the first writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language, and was the most widespread until the introduction of Cyrillic in 1946.

Alphabets based on this classical vertical script are used in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia to this day to write Mongolian, Xibe and, experimentally, Evenki.

Buryat language - Geographic distribution

Buryat language

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Buryat language - Geographic distribution

Buryat, or Buriat (Buryat Cyrillic: буряад хэлэн, buryaad xelen, ), known in foreign sources as the Bargu-Buryat dialect of Mongolian, and in pre-1956 Soviet sources as Buryat-Mongolian, is a variety of the Mongolic languages spoken by the Buryats and Bargas that is classified either as a language or major dialect group of Mongolian.

There are at least 100,000 ethnic Buryats in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China, as well.

Hulunbuir

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Monument of Genghis Khan on Sükhbaatar Square, Hailar
City center of Hailar, 2007
Map including part of the Hulunbuir area (AMS, 1955)
Mo'erdaoga Forest Park, Ergun
Horses in Old Barag Banner

Hulunbuir or Hulun Buir (Kolun buir.svg, Kölün buyir, Mongolian Cyrillic: Хөлөнбуйр, Khölönbuir;, Hūlúnbèi'ěr) is a region that is governed as a prefecture-level city in northeastern Inner Mongolia, China.

Hulunbuir is a linguistically diverse area: next to Mandarin Chinese, Mongolian dialects such as Khorchin and Buryat, the Mongolic language Daur, and some Tungusic languages, including Oroqen and Solon, are spoken there.

Heilongjiang

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Province in northeast China.

Province in northeast China.

Saint Sofia Church, Harbin
Heilongjiang and Jilin Provinces on a 1734 French map
Seal of the Guard General of Heilongjiang at the Heilongjiang General Mansion
Jixi
Winter in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang Province People's Government
Heilongjiang population pyramid in 2019
Ji Le Temple (Temple of Bliss), a Buddhist temple in Harbin
Heilongjiag Daily Press Group
A Siberian tiger at Harbin Siberian Tiger Park

The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Among the Altaic languages, the Manchu name of the region is Sahaliyan ula (literally, "Black River"), from which the name of Sakhalin is derived, while the Mongolian name with the same meaning is Qaramörin.

Subdivisions of Xilingol (orange) and Ulanqab (green) in which Chakhar is spoken (lighter shade).

Chakhar Mongolian

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Subdivisions of Xilingol (orange) and Ulanqab (green) in which Chakhar is spoken (lighter shade).

Chakhar is a variety of Mongolian spoken in the central region of Inner Mongolia.

Ordos City

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Genghis Khan equestrian sculpture in Ordos City
Genghis Khan Mausoleum in the Ejin Horo Banner
Ordos Museum

Ordos (Mongolian: Ordos; ), also known as Ih Ju, is one of the twelve major subdivisions of Inner Mongolia, China.