A report on Inner Mongolia and Northeast China

Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
A wooden Bodhisattva statue, Jin dynasty, Shanghai Museum
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
Dalian Hotel at Zhongshan Square in Dalian
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
Inner Mongolian steppes
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
Theater in Hohhot
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Ulaanbutan grassland
Inner Mongolian grassland
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Alshaa mountain scenery
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756

It usually corresponds specifically to the three provinces east of the Greater Khingan Range, namely Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, but historically is meant to also encompass the four easternmost prefectures of Inner Mongolia west of the Greater Khingan.

- Northeast China

The eastern division is often included in Northeastern China (Dongbei) with major cities including Tongliao, Chifeng, Hailar, Ulanhot.

- Inner Mongolia

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1612 map by Isaac Massa showing Tingoesen landt (land of the Tungus, i.e. Evenks)

Tungusic peoples

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Ethno-linguistic group formed by the speakers of Tungusic languages .

Ethno-linguistic group formed by the speakers of Tungusic languages .

1612 map by Isaac Massa showing Tingoesen landt (land of the Tungus, i.e. Evenks)
Tunguska rivers, forming the western boundary
Distribution of the Tungusic languages
Portrait of a Tungusic man by Carl Peter Mazer (1850)
The Manchu people in Fuzhou in 1915
A Manchu guard
An Evenks wooden home
Sibo Sibe military colonists (1885)
An Udege family
Tungus man in Vorogovo, Siberia (1914)
A Manchu man in traditional clothing

The Manchu originally came from Manchuria, which is now Northeast China and the Russian Far East.

The Oroqen, Solon, and Khamnigan inhabit some parts of Heilongjiang Province, Inner Mongolia, and Mongolia and may be considered as subgroups of the Evenk ethnicity, though the Solons and the Khamnigans in particular have interacted closely with Mongolic peoples (Mongol, Daur, Buryat), and they are ethnographically quite distinct from the Evenks in Russia.

Xinle Ruins


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Major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province.

Major Chinese sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province.

Xinle Ruins
The Mukden Palace
Map of Shengjing Inner City in 1660s
Japanese-administered zone (orange) and the old Shenyang city (violet) in 1919
Zhang Zuolin's train after the Huanggutun Incident
Japanese troops entering Shenyang during Mukden Incident
People's Liberation Army Type 97 Chi-Ha tanks advancing into Shenyang during the Liaoshen Campaign
Layout of Shenyang's old city walls
Map including Shenyang (labeled as 瀋陽 SHEN-YANG (MUKDEN)) (AMS, 1956)
Aerial photograph of Shenyang
Satellite image of Shenyang-Fushun urban agglomeration
(larger western part is Shenyang, eastern part is Fushun), Landsat 5, 2010-09-29.
Map of Shenyang (labeled as SHEN-YANG) and surrounding region (1975)
Buildings along Youths Avenue (Qingnian Street, 青年大街) in southern Shenhe District
Chairman Mao statue at Zhongshan Square
Northeastern University (China) in Heping District, Shenyang
World Heritage Site: Zhao Mausoleum (Beiling park)
World Heritage Site: Fuling Tomb (Dongling Park)
Xita, world's 2nd largest Koreatown.
The arch entrance of Middle Street (Zhongjie), a 3.5 km-long pedestrian shopping strip in central Shenyang beside Mukden Palace, and is the longest shopping street in China.
The CRH5-001A EMU serving the Beijing–Shenyang high-speed railway
Shenyangbei Railway Station
The old Liaoning General Station
Shenyang Railway Station
Shenyang's districts, landmarks and major roads
G1 Beijing-Harbin Expressway, Shenyang segment
Taoxian International Airport
Hunnan Tram, a CRV 70% Low-Floor Tram serving Hunnan District
Shenyang Metro Line 1
Korean-Chinese style barbecue in mud brazier (泥炉烧烤) is exclusively in Shenyang
9.18 Historical Museum
Shenyang East Pagoda

It's also the largest city in Northeast China by urban population, with 7.49 million people (2020 census).

The county borders the Faku County to the south, the prefecture-level cities of Tieling to the east, Fuxin to the southwest and Inner Mongolia's Tongliao to the north.


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Monument of Genghis Khan on Sükhbaatar Square, Hailar
City center of Hailar, 2007
Map including part of the Hulunbuir area (AMS, 1955)
Mo'erdaoga Forest Park, Ergun
Horses in Old Barag Banner

Hulunbuir or Hulun Buir (Kolun buir.svg, Kölün buyir, Mongolian Cyrillic: Хөлөнбуйр, Khölönbuir;, Hūlúnbèi'ěr) is a region that is governed as a prefecture-level city in northeastern Inner Mongolia, China.

In 1901, the Chinese Eastern Railway linked Hulunbuir to the rest of northeast China and to Russian Far East.

Greater Khingan

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The Greater Khingan Range or Da Hinggan Range (IPA: ), is a 1200 km-long volcanic mountain range in the Inner Mongolia region of Northeast China.