Insectivora

insectivoresinsectivorousinsectivorelipotyphlanEulipotyphlainsect eatersinsect-eatingsome mammalian insectivores
The order Insectivora (from Latin insectum "insect" and vorare "to eat") is a now-abandoned biological grouping within the class of mammals.wikipedia
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Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
The order Insectivora (from Latin insectum "insect" and vorare "to eat") is a now-abandoned biological grouping within the class of mammals. Some species have now been moved out, leaving the remaining ones in the order Eulipotyphla, within the larger clade Laurasiatheria, which makes up one of the most basic clades of placental mammals.
Many fossorial mammals such as shrews, hedgehogs, and moles were classified under the now obsolete order Insectivora.

Eulipotyphla

insectivoresEulipotyphylaEulypotyphla
Some species have now been moved out, leaving the remaining ones in the order Eulipotyphla, within the larger clade Laurasiatheria, which makes up one of the most basic clades of placental mammals.
Lipotyphla in turn had been derived by removing a number of groups from Insectivora, the previously used wastebasket taxon.

Treeshrew

Scandentiatree shrewtree shrews
Taxonomy has been refined in recent years, and treeshrews, elephant shrews, and colugos have now been placed in separate orders, as have many fossil groups that were formerly included here.
Though called 'treeshrews', and despite having previously been classified in Insectivora, they are not true shrews, and not all species live in trees.

Afrosoricida

Tenrecoideaafrosoricid
However, molecular evidence indicated that Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and Tenrecidae (tenrecs) should also be separated as a new order Afrosoricida.
These three families of small mammals have traditionally been considered to be a part of the order Insectivora, and were later included in Lipotyphla after Insectivora was abandoned, before Lipotyphla was also found to be polyphyletic.

Soricomorpha

soricomorphmodern shrewsmoles and shrews
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) was then also split off into a separate order (Erinaceomorpha) from the remainder (termed Soricomorpha), comprising the families Soricidae (shrews), Talpidae (moles), Solenodontidae, and Nesophontidae.
In the past it formed a significant group within the former order Insectivora.

Wastebasket taxon

wastebin taxonwastebin genuswastebasket taxa
In the past, the grouping was used as a wastebasket taxon for a variety of small to very small, relatively unspecialised mammals that feed upon insects.

Hedgehog

ErinaceinaehedgehogsAfrican hedgehogs
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) was then also split off into a separate order (Erinaceomorpha) from the remainder (termed Soricomorpha), comprising the families Soricidae (shrews), Talpidae (moles), Solenodontidae, and Nesophontidae.
Although traditionally classified in the now abandoned order Insectivora, hedgehogs are omnivorous.

Insectivore

insectivorousinsectivoresinsect-eating
Not to be confused with insectivores (the eaters of insects considered as a feeding behavior), many of which do not belong to Eulipotyphla or the other taxa formerly included within Insectivora.
At one time, insectivorous mammals were scientifically classified in an order called Insectivora.

Erinaceidae

Erinaceomorphaerinaceiderinaceomorph
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) was then also split off into a separate order (Erinaceomorpha) from the remainder (termed Soricomorpha), comprising the families Soricidae (shrews), Talpidae (moles), Solenodontidae, and Nesophontidae.
This family was once considered part of the order Insectivora, but that polyphyletic order is now considered defunct.

Mole (animal)

molemolesMateless
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) was then also split off into a separate order (Erinaceomorpha) from the remainder (termed Soricomorpha), comprising the families Soricidae (shrews), Talpidae (moles), Solenodontidae, and Nesophontidae.
On the other hand, there is no monophyletic relation between the mole and the hedgehog, both of which were previously placed in the now abandoned order Insectivora.

Afroinsectiphilia

Many of the taxa within it were once regarded as part of the order Insectivora, but Insectivora is now considered to be polyphyletic and obsolete.

Golden mole

ChrysochloridaeAmblysominaeChrysochlorinae
However, molecular evidence indicated that Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and Tenrecidae (tenrecs) should also be separated as a new order Afrosoricida.
They have traditionally been listed with the shrews, hedgehogs and a grab-bag of small, difficult-to-place creatures as part of the order Insectivora.

Elephant shrew

MacroscelididaeMacroscelideasengi
Taxonomy has been refined in recent years, and treeshrews, elephant shrews, and colugos have now been placed in separate orders, as have many fossil groups that were formerly included here.
In the past, elephant shrews have been classified with the shrews and hedgehogs as part of the Insectivora; regarded as distant relatives of the ungulates; grouped with the treeshrews; and lumped in with the hares and rabbits in the Lagomorpha.

Lipotyphla

Lipotyphla is a formerly used order of mammals, including the members of the order Eulipotyphla (i.e. the solenodons, family Solenodontidae; hedgehogs and gymnures, family Erinaceidae; desmans, moles, and shrew-like moles, family Talpidae; and true shrews, family Soricidae) as well as two other families of the former order Insectivora, Chrysochloridae (golden moles) and Tenrecidae (tenrecs).

Order (biology)

ordersuborderorders
The order Insectivora (from Latin insectum "insect" and vorare "to eat") is a now-abandoned biological grouping within the class of mammals.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The order Insectivora (from Latin insectum "insect" and vorare "to eat") is a now-abandoned biological grouping within the class of mammals.

Laurasiatheria

laurasiathereLaurasiatherescows
Some species have now been moved out, leaving the remaining ones in the order Eulipotyphla, within the larger clade Laurasiatheria, which makes up one of the most basic clades of placental mammals.

Placentalia

placentalplacental mammalplacental mammals
Some species have now been moved out, leaving the remaining ones in the order Eulipotyphla, within the larger clade Laurasiatheria, which makes up one of the most basic clades of placental mammals.

Evolutionary grade

gradegradesgrade taxon
Therefore, at its widest extent, the order Insectivora represented an evolutionary grade rather than a clade.

Clade

cladesgroupcladistic
Some species have now been moved out, leaving the remaining ones in the order Eulipotyphla, within the larger clade Laurasiatheria, which makes up one of the most basic clades of placental mammals. Therefore, at its widest extent, the order Insectivora represented an evolutionary grade rather than a clade.

Monophyly

monophyleticmonophyletic groupnon-monophyletic
For some time it was held that the remaining insectivoran families constituted a monophyletic grouping, or clade, to which the name Lipotyphla had long been applied.

Paraphyly

paraphyleticembedded*
This scheme was undermined when molecular studies indicated that Soricomorpha is paraphyletic, because Soricidae shared a more recent common ancestor with Erinaceidae than with other soricomorphs.

List of feeding behaviours

polyphagousMonophagousfeeding behavior
Not to be confused with insectivores (the eaters of insects considered as a feeding behavior), many of which do not belong to Eulipotyphla or the other taxa formerly included within Insectivora.

Shrew

Soricidaeshrewsshrewlike
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) was then also split off into a separate order (Erinaceomorpha) from the remainder (termed Soricomorpha), comprising the families Soricidae (shrews), Talpidae (moles), Solenodontidae, and Nesophontidae.