Institutional investor

institutional investorsinstitutionalInstitutional Investors Alphainstitutional shareholdersForeign Institutional Investorsinstitutional clientsInstitutional Investmentinstitutionsforeign institutional investors (FIIs)institutional brokerage
An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans.wikipedia
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Hedge fund

hedge fundshedge fund managerhedge-fund
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds. Others like pension funds can predict long ahead when they will have to repay their investors allowing them to invest in less liquid assets such as private equities, hedge funds or commodities.
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.

Security (finance)

securitiessecuritydebt securities
An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans.
Important institutional investors include investment banks, insurance companies, pension funds and other managed funds.

Pension fund

pension fundsretirement fundsuperannuation fund
Pension fund
They are especially important to the stock market where large institutional investors dominate.

Private equity

private-equityequityPrivate equity investor
Others like pension funds can predict long ahead when they will have to repay their investors allowing them to invest in less liquid assets such as private equities, hedge funds or commodities.
These transactions can involve the sale of private equity fund interests or portfolios of direct investments in privately held companies through the purchase of these investments from existing institutional investors.

Private placement

private placementsplacement feeprivate equity placement
For example, in the United States, institutional investors are generally eligible to purchase private placements under Rule 506 of Regulation D as "accredited investors".
Private placements may typically consist of offers of common stock or preferred stock or other forms of membership interests, warrants or promissory notes (including convertible promissory notes), bonds, and purchasers are often institutional investors such as banks, insurance companies or pension funds.

Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec

the CaisseCaisse de dépôt et placementCaisse de Dépot et de Placement du Québec
Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (C$248 Billion [2015])
Quebec Deposit and Investment Fund, also referred to in English-language media as the Caisse) is an institutional investor that manages several public and parapublic pension plans and insurance programs in Quebec.

List of institutional investors in the United Kingdom

List of institutional investors in the United Kingdom
This is a list of institutional investors in the United Kingdom. Institutional investors manage other people's money by buying shares in companies, corporate bonds, gilts (i.e. government debt), commodities, foreign currencies, or combinations of each, or derivatives of them (i.e. options to buy, or futures).

Accredited investor

accredited investorsaccreditedaccredited individuals
For example, in the United States, institutional investors are generally eligible to purchase private placements under Rule 506 of Regulation D as "accredited investors".
Institutional investor

Real property

landrealproperty
An institutional investor is an entity which pools money to purchase securities, real property, and other investment assets or originate loans.

Bank

bankerbankingbanking system
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Pension

pensionssuperannuationretirement plan
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Real estate investment trust

REITReal Estate Investment TrustsREITs
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Registered Investment Adviser

registered investment advisorRIARegistered Investment Advisers
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Financial endowment

endowmentendowmentsendowed chair
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Mutual fund

mutual fundsfundmutual
Institutional investors include banks, insurance companies, pensions, hedge funds, REITs, investment advisors, endowments, and mutual funds.

Activist shareholder

shareholder activismactivist investorshareholder activist
Activist institutional investors may also influence corporate governance by exercising voting rights in their investments.

Corporate governance

governancecompliance and governanceCorporate Communications
Activist institutional investors may also influence corporate governance by exercising voting rights in their investments.

Index fund

Indexindex investingindex funds
Lending credence to doubts about active investors' ability to 'beat the market', passive index funds have gained traction with the rise of passive investors: the three biggest US asset managers together owned an average of 18% in the S&P 500 Index and together constituted the largest shareholder in 88% of the S&P 500 by 2015.

S&P 500 Index

S&P 500 ComponentS&P 500S&P
Lending credence to doubts about active investors' ability to 'beat the market', passive index funds have gained traction with the rise of passive investors: the three biggest US asset managers together owned an average of 18% in the S&P 500 Index and together constituted the largest shareholder in 88% of the S&P 500 by 2015.

Juridical person

legal entityjuristic personlegal entities
Roman law ignored the concept of juristic person, yet at the time the practice of private evergetism (which dates to, at least, the 4th century BC in Greece) sometimes led to the creation of revenues-producing capital which may be interpreted as an early form of charitable institution.

Euergetism

evergetismAristocratic munificenceeuergete
Roman law ignored the concept of juristic person, yet at the time the practice of private evergetism (which dates to, at least, the 4th century BC in Greece) sometimes led to the creation of revenues-producing capital which may be interpreted as an early form of charitable institution.

Roman aqueduct

aqueductaqueductsaqueducts of Rome
In the South of Gaul, aqueducts were sometimes financed in a similar fashion.

Christianity

ChristianChristiansChristian faith
The legal principle of juristic person might have appeared with the rise of monasteries in the early centuries of Christianity.

Waqf

awqafvakıfWakf
The waqf (charitable institution) became a cornerstone of the financing of education, waterworks, welfare and even the construction of monuments.

Imam Reza shrine

Imām Ridhā Mosqueshrine of Imam RezaImam Ridha Mosque
Alongside some Christian monasteries the waqfs created in the 10th century AD are amongst the longest standing charities in the world (see for instance the Imam Reza shrine).