Insular Government of the Philippine Islands

Philippine IslandsInsular GovernmentPhilippinesAmerican colonial government Insular Government Civil GovernmentInsular Government of the PhilippinesAmerican Colonial PeriodPhilippines Islandsterritory
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States that was established in 1901 and was dissolved in 1935.wikipedia
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Commonwealth of the Philippines

Philippine CommonwealthPhilippinesCommonwealth
The Insular Government was preceded by the United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands and was followed by the Commonwealth of the Philippines. The Tydings–McDuffie Act provided for the drafting and guidelines of a constitution for a ten-year "transitional period" as the Commonwealth of the Philippines before the granting of Philippine independence.
It replaced the Insular Government, a United States territorial government, and was established by the Tydings–McDuffie Act.

Spanish–American War

Spanish-American Warwar with SpainSpanish American War
The Philippines were acquired by the United States in 1898 as a result of the Spanish–American War.
The result was the 1898 Treaty of Paris, negotiated on terms favorable to the U.S. which allowed it temporary control of Cuba and ceded ownership of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine islands.

Philippine Organic Act (1902)

Philippine Organic ActPhilippine Organic Act of 1902Philippine Organic Act of July 1902
In 1902, the United States Congress passed the Philippine Organic Act, which organized the government and served as its basic law.
1369, ) was a basic law for the Insular Government that was enacted by the United States Congress on July 1, 1902.

Philippine Legislature

bicameral legislature
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.
It was bicameral and the legislative branch of the Insular Government.

Taft Commission

Second Philippine CommissionPhilippine Commissioncommission
The Insular Government evolved from the Taft Commission, or Second Philippine Commission, appointed on March 16, 1900.
The Second Commission was at first the sole legislative body of the Philippines, then known as the Philippine Islands under the sovereign control of the United States, while still engaged in the Philippine–American War.

Philippine Assembly

First Philippine Assemblylower houseAssemblyman
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.
The Assembly was created by the 1902 Philippine Organic Act of the United States Congress, which established the Insular Government of the Philippines.

Philippine Commission

ActAmerican colonial administrationCommissioner
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.
The municipal board members were responsible for collecting taxes, maintaining municipal properties, and undertaking necessary construction projects; they also elected provincial governors." On 4 July 1901, Taft became governor of a civil administration for the Philippines. This regime, called the Insular Government, administered the country until 1935."The Philippine Organic Act of July 1902 stipulated that a Philippine Legislature would be established composed of a lower house, the Philippine Assembly, which would be popularly elected, and an upper house consisting of the Philippine Commission.

Republic Day (Philippines)

Philippine independenceindependenceindependence from the United States
Philippine nationalists led by Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña enthusiastically endorsed the draft Jones Bill of 1912, which provided for Philippine independence after eight years, but later changed their views, opting for a bill which focused less on time than on the conditions of independence.
The Philippine Islands were an American possession from 1898 to 1946, first as a territory and then as a Commonwealth beginning in 1935.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
The mission departed Manila on February 28 and met in America with and presented their case to Secretary of War Newton D. Baker.
Under American control, a new, civilian-oriented Insular Government headed by Governor-General William Howard Taft invited city planner Daniel Burnham to adapt Manila to modern needs.

Filipino nationalism

Filipino nationalistPhilippine nationalismemergent nationalism
Philippine nationalists led by Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña enthusiastically endorsed the draft Jones Bill of 1912, which provided for Philippine independence after eight years, but later changed their views, opting for a bill which focused less on time than on the conditions of independence.
The 1902 Philippine Organic Act was a constitution for the Insular Government, as the U.S. civil administration was known.

Bureau of Insular Affairs

Bureau of Insular Affairs InsigniaChief of Bureau of Insular Affairs
The term "insular" refers to the fact that the government operated under the authority of the U.S. Bureau of Insular Affairs.
The United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands was replaced by the Insular Government following the Spooner Amendment of 1901.

Frank Murphy

MurphyJustice MurphyWilliam Francis "Frank" Murphy
Governor-General Frank Murphy designated July 10 as the election date, and the Convention held its inaugural session on July 30.
Roosevelt appointed Murphy as Governor-General of the Philippine Islands.

Constitution of the Philippines

1987 ConstitutionConstitutionPhilippine Constitution
The Tydings–McDuffie Act provided for the drafting and guidelines of a constitution for a ten-year "transitional period" as the Commonwealth of the Philippines before the granting of Philippine independence.

House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
The Philippine Bill of 1902, a basic law, or organic act, of the Insular Government, mandated that once certain conditions were met a bicameral, or two-chamber, Philippine Legislature would be created with the previously existing, all-appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and the Philippine Assembly as the lower house.

Senate of the Philippines

SenateSenatorPhilippine Senate
The law also required the Philippine Senate to ratify the law.
The Senate has its roots in the Philippine Commission of the Insular Government.

Unincorporated territories of the United States

unincorporated territoryunincorporated territory of the United Statesunincorporated territories

Lupang Hinirang

Philippine National Anthemnational anthemMarcha Nacional Filipina
After the repeal of the Flag Act of 1907 (which banned the use of revolutionary and Katipunan symbols) in 1919, the Insular Government decided to translate the hymn from its original Spanish to English.

Francis Burton Harrison

Francis B. HarrisonFrancis HarrisonHarrison, Francis Burton
American Governor-General of the Philippines Francis Burton Harrison had concurred in the report of the Philippine Legislature as to a stable government.
Harrison was Governor-General of the Philippines from 1913 to 1921 and advocated for and oversaw the process of Filipinization, or the transfer of authority to Filipinos in the United States territory's Insular Government to better prepare for independence.

Territories of the United States

territoriesU.S. territoriesterritory
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States that was established in 1901 and was dissolved in 1935.

United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands

Philippine Islands United States military government of the Philippine Islands Military Government
The Insular Government was preceded by the United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands and was followed by the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
In 1902, the United States Congress passed the Philippine Organic Act, which organized the government and served as its basic law.

Governor-General of the Philippines

Governor-GeneralGovernor General of the PhilippinesGovernor General
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.

President of the United States

PresidentU.S. PresidentUnited States President
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.

Upper house

upper chamberupperEuropean Upper Houses
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.

Lower house

lower chamberlowerEuropean Lower Houses
This act provided for a governor-general appointed by the president of the United States, as well as a bicameral Philippine Legislature with the appointed Philippine Commission as the upper house and a fully elected, fully Filipino elected lower house, the Philippine Assembly.