Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Inter-American CourtInter-American Human Rights CourtIACHRInter-American Court for Human RightsInteramerican Court of Human RightsPresident of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is an autonomous judicial institution based in the city of San José, Costa Rica.wikipedia
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Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Inter-American Commission of Human RightsInter-American Human Rights CommissionIACHR
Together with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, it makes up the human rights protection system of the Organization of American States (OAS), which serves to uphold and promote basic rights and freedoms in the Americas.
Along with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, it is one of the bodies that comprise the inter-American system for the promotion and protection of human rights.

American Convention on Human Rights

Pact of San JoséProtocol of San SalvadorAmerican Human Rights Convention
The Organization of American States established the Court in 1979 to enforce and interpret the provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights.
The bodies responsible for overseeing compliance with the Convention are the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, both of which are organs of the Organization of American States (OAS).

San José, Costa Rica

San JoséSan JoseSan Jose, Costa Rica
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is an autonomous judicial institution based in the city of San José, Costa Rica.
The city's greater metropolitan area (in Los Yoses, San Pedro) also serves as the headquarters of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Advisory opinion

advisory opinionsadvisory jurisdictionsPresidential reference
The Court's replies to these consultations are published separately from its contentious judgments, as advisory opinions.
The advisory function of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights enables it to respond to consultations submitted by agencies and member states of the Organization of American States regarding the interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights or other instruments governing human rights in the Americas.

Organization of American States

OASPan American UnionOrganisation of American States
Together with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, it makes up the human rights protection system of the Organization of American States (OAS), which serves to uphold and promote basic rights and freedoms in the Americas.

Barrios Altos massacre

Barrios AltosBarrios Altos case
The case was taken to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Grupo Colina

Colina Group
Eventually, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights struck down both amnesty laws.

Elizabeth Odio Benito

Odio Benito, Elizabeth
Elizabeth Odio Benito (born 15 September 1939) is one of the judges in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (tenure 2016-2021).

Costa Rica

Costa RicanRepublic of Costa RicaCosta-Rica
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations University of Peace are based in Costa Rica.

Raúl Zaffaroni

Eugenio Raúl ZaffaroniEugenio Raul ZaffaroniEugenio Zaffaroni
Eugenio Raúl Zaffaroni (born 1940, in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine judge of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, elected in 2016.

Alberto Fujimori

Fujimoria past presidentAlberto Fujimori Fujimori
In 1999, under President Alberto Fujimori, Peru announced it was withdrawing its acceptance of the Court's jurisdiction.
Fujimori's alleged association with death squads is currently being studied by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, after the court accepted the case of "Cantuta vs Perú".

Sergio García Ramírez

Sergio García Ramírez (born February 1, 1938) is a Mexican jurist and politician who currently serves as a judge at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

European Court of Human Rights

European Court for Human RightsECtHRECHR
In contrast to the European human rights system, individual citizens of the OAS member states are not allowed to take cases directly to the Court.

Guatemala

GuatemalanRepublic of GuatemalaGTM
In July 2004, the Inter-American Court condemned the 18 July 1982, massacre of 188 Achi-Maya in Plan de Sanchez, and for the first time in its history, ruled the Guatemalan Army had committed genocide.

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade

Antonio Augusto Cancado TrindadeAntônio Augusto Cançado-TrindadeAntônio Trindade
Prior to his appointment to the World Court, he was president of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and has had several positions in important international organizations.

Sonia Picado Sotela

Previously she formed part of the Inter-American Court of Human rights, in which she was a judge and, from 1988 to 1994, Vice-president.

List of films banned in Chile

ChilerepressiveThe Last Temptation of Christ" (Olmedo-Bustos et al.) v. Chile
In February 2001 the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that Chile was in violation of the American Convention on Human Rights and that it should lift the ban on the film and modify its legislation to comply with the convention.

Héctor Fix-Zamudio

Héctor Fix Zamudio
He was elected to serve as a judge on the Inter-American Court of Human Rights from 1987 to 1997, including two terms as its president.

Myrna Mack

Myrna Mack ChangMack, MyrnaMyrna Mack Chang v. Guatemala
Due to her sister's pursuit of justice, Mack's killer was convicted and upper-level superiors tried in precedent-setting cases before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in Costa Rica.

Carlos Roberto Reina

Carlos Roberto Reina IdiáquezCarlos ReinaReina
In 1979 he was nominated president of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of the Organization of American States.

Atala Riffo and Daughters v. Chile

Karen Atala
Atala Riffo and Daughters v. Chile (Spanish: Atala Riffo y Niñas vs. Chile) was an LGBT rights child custody case in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which reviewed a Chilean court ruling that in 2005 awarded custody to a father because of the mother's sexual orientation.

Roberto de Figueiredo Caldas

Roberto de Figueiredo Caldas (Aracaju - Brazil, born July 29, 1962) is a judge of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (mandate from 2013 to 2018).

Ricardo Gil Lavedra

Gil Lavedra served as an Associate Judge in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights between 2001 and 2003, and in the Argentine Supreme Court, between 2002 and 2005.