Interdisciplinarity

interdisciplinarymultidisciplinaryInterdisciplinary Studiesmulti-disciplinaryinter-disciplinarymultidisciplinary approachinterdisciplinary fieldinterdisciplinary researchMultidisciplinaritycross-disciplinary
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).wikipedia
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Interdiscipline

inter-disciplinary
It is related to an interdiscipline or an interdisciplinary field, which is an organizational unit that crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new needs and professions emerge.
It is related to interdisciplinarity, but it is a noun used for a certain kind of unit (academic discipline).

Materials science

material sciencematerials engineeringmaterials scientist
The building of Roman roads required men who understood surveying, material science, logistics and several other disciplines.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering, is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.

Julie Thompson Klein

Julie Thompson Klein attests that "the roots of the concepts lie in a number of ideas that resonate through modern discourse—the ideas of a unified science, general knowledge, synthesis and the integration of knowledge", while Giles Gunn says that Greek historians and dramatists took elements from other realms of knowledge (such as medicine or philosophy) to further understand their own material.
Julie Thompson Klein is a professor and scholar in the field of Interdisciplinary Studies at Wayne State University.

Bioinformatics

bioinformaticbioinformaticianbio-informatics
Examples include quantum information processing, an amalgamation of quantum physics and computer science, and bioinformatics, combining molecular biology with computer science.
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Julie Thompson Klein attests that "the roots of the concepts lie in a number of ideas that resonate through modern discourse—the ideas of a unified science, general knowledge, synthesis and the integration of knowledge", while Giles Gunn says that Greek historians and dramatists took elements from other realms of knowledge (such as medicine or philosophy) to further understand their own material.
Working together as an interdisciplinary team, many highly trained health professionals besides medical practitioners are involved in the delivery of modern health care.

Neuroscience

neurobiologyneuroscientistneurosciences
Examples of former interdisciplinary research areas that have become disciplines, many of them named for their parent disciplines, include neuroscience, cybernetics, biochemistry and biomedical engineering.
It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology that combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits.

Biomedical engineering

biomedical engineermedical engineeringbiomedical
Examples of former interdisciplinary research areas that have become disciplines, many of them named for their parent disciplines, include neuroscience, cybernetics, biochemistry and biomedical engineering.
Such an evolution is common as a new field transitions from being an interdisciplinary specialization among already established fields, to being considered a field in itself.

Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdiscipline
Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combining of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project).
While academic disciplines in and of themselves are more or less focused practices, scholarly approaches such as multidisciplinarity/interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, and cross-disciplinarity integrate aspects from multiple academic disciplines, therefore addressing any problems that may arise from narrow concentration within specialized fields of study.

Computer science

computer scientistcomputer sciencescomputer scientists
Examples include quantum information processing, an amalgamation of quantum physics and computer science, and bioinformatics, combining molecular biology with computer science.
An alternative term, also proposed by Naur, is data science; this is now used for a multi-disciplinary field of data analysis, including statistics and databases.

Outline of academic disciplines

academic disciplineacademic disciplinesList of academic disciplines
It is related to an interdiscipline or an interdisciplinary field, which is an organizational unit that crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new needs and professions emerge.

Anthropology

anthropologistanthropologicalanthropologists
For example, social science disciplines such as anthropology and sociology paid little attention to the social analysis of technology throughout most of the twentieth century.
It is an interdisciplinary field that overlaps with a number of other disciplines, including anthropology, ethology, medicine, psychology, veterinary medicine and zoology.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
For example, the subject of land use may appear differently when examined by different disciplines, for instance, biology, chemistry, economics, geography, and politics.

Domon group

The Domon Group, or Domon Research Group, is an interdisciplinary research group founded by former IBM researcher Eduard Domon in 1973.

Transdisciplinarity

transdisciplinarytransdisciplinary studiesmulti-disciplinary
An article in the Social Science Journal attempts to provide a simple, common-sense, definition of interdisciplinarity, bypassing the difficulties of defining that concept and obviating the need for such related concepts as transdisciplinarity, pluridisciplinarity, and multidisciplinarity: "To begin with, a discipline can be conveniently defined as any comparatively self-contained and isolated domain of human experience which possesses its own community of experts. Interdisciplinarity is best seen as bringing together distinctive components of two or more disciplines. In academic discourse, interdisciplinarity typically applies to four realms: knowledge, research, education, and theory. Interdisciplinary knowledge involves familiarity with components of two or more disciplines. Interdisciplinary research combines components of two or more disciplines in the search or creation of new knowledge, operations, or artistic expressions.
In the CIRET approach, transdisciplinarity is radically distinct from interdisciplinarity.

Integrative learning

cross disciplinecross-disciplinary researchcross-discipline
Integrative learning is a learning theory describing a movement toward integrated lessons helping students make connections across curricula.

Systems theory

systems thinkinginterdependencegeneral systems theory
Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems.

Science of team science

Science of Team Science (SciTS)Wikipedia
Team science initiatives are designed to promote collaborative, and often cross-disciplinary (which includes multi-, inter-, and transdisciplinary) approaches to answering research questions about particular phenomena.

Interprofessional education

Interprofessional education and collaborative practiceinterprofessional team skills
Associated terms include "multi-professional education", "common learning", "shared learning", and "interdisciplinary learning."

Science and technology studies

science and technologyScience, technology and societyScience, Technology, and Society
As a result, many social scientists with interests in technology have joined science, technology and society programs, which are typically staffed by scholars drawn from numerous disciplines.
Like most interdisciplinary programs, STS emerged from the confluence of a variety of disciplines and disciplinary subfields, all of which had developed an interest—typically, during the 1960s or 1970s—in viewing science and technology as socially embedded enterprises.

Information silo

silosdata silossiloed
At another level, interdisciplinarity is seen as a remedy to the harmful effects of excessive specialization and isolation in information silos.

Soka University of America

Soka UniversityLionsSoka Lions
Instead the university has focused on interdisciplinarity, a movement in collegiate curriculum that is used by certain American colleges and universities, including the nearby University of California, Irvine.

Tinbergen's four questions

four categories of questionsfour questionsproximate mechanisms
Especially for the social sciences, this model helps to provide an integrative, foundational model for interdisciplinary collaboration, teaching and research (see The Four Central Questions of Biological Research Using Ethology as an Example – PDF).

School of thought

schoolschools of thoughtschools
It is related to an interdiscipline or an interdisciplinary field, which is an organizational unit that crosses traditional boundaries between academic disciplines or schools of thought, as new needs and professions emerge.