Interferometric modulator display

MirasolIMODIMOD-MirasolMirasol displays
Interferometric modulator display (IMOD, trademarked mirasol) is a technology used in electronic visual displays that can create various colors via interference of reflected light.wikipedia
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Electronic visual display

Displayelectronic displaydisplay devices
Interferometric modulator display (IMOD, trademarked mirasol) is a technology used in electronic visual displays that can create various colors via interference of reflected light.

Qualcomm Toq

The smartwatch Qualcomm Toq features this display with 40 fps. A multi-color IMOD display is used in the Qualcomm Toq smartwatch.
It features a Mirasol display, which like E Ink e-reader screens, can be easily viewed in direct sunlight.

Microelectromechanical systems

MEMSmicroelectromechanical systemmicrosystems
An IMOD-based reflective flat panel display includes hundreds of thousands of individual IMOD elements each a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based device.
Interferometric modulator display (IMOD) applications in consumer electronics (primarily displays for mobile devices), used to create interferometric modulation − reflective display technology as found in mirasol displays

Qualcomm

Qualcomm Inc.QUALCOMM IncorporatedFlarion
IMOD prototypes as of mid-2010 could emit 15 frames per second (fps), and in November 2011 Qualcomm demonstrated another prototype reaching 30 fps, suitable for video playback.
Mirasol displays - Mirasol displays are the world's first and only reflective, bistable display based on IMOD technology. Qualcomm's mirasol displays use ambient light as their source of illumination and consume almost no power when the image is unchanged. This results in a very low power display solution that is visible even in direct sunlight.

Hisense

Hisense freezeHisense PulseHisense Real Estate
QMT's displays, using IMOD technology, are found in the Acoustic Research ARWH1 Stereo Bluetooth headset device, the Showcare Monitoring system (Korea), the Hisense C108, and MP3 applications from Freestyle Audio and Skullcandy.
One of its products, the Hisense C108, is the first mobile phone to use Qualcomm's biomimetic screen technology, Mirasol, which allows it to be easily read in direct sunlight.

Smartwatch

smart watchsmartwatcheswatch phone
A multi-color IMOD display is used in the Qualcomm Toq smartwatch.

Wave interference

interferencedestructive interferenceconstructive interference
Interferometric modulator display (IMOD, trademarked mirasol) is a technology used in electronic visual displays that can create various colors via interference of reflected light. A pixel in an IMOD-based display consists of one or more subpixels that are individual microscopic interferometric cavities similar in operation to Fabry–Pérot interferometers (etalons), and the scales in butterfly wings.

Modulation

modulatedmodulatordigital modulation
The color is selected with an electrically switched light modulator comprising a microscopic cavity that is switched on and off using driver integrated circuits similar to those used to address liquid crystal displays (LCD).

Micromachinery

micromachinemicromachiningmicromachines
The color is selected with an electrically switched light modulator comprising a microscopic cavity that is switched on and off using driver integrated circuits similar to those used to address liquid crystal displays (LCD).

Driver circuit

driverelectronic drivers
The color is selected with an electrically switched light modulator comprising a microscopic cavity that is switched on and off using driver integrated circuits similar to those used to address liquid crystal displays (LCD).

Integrated circuit

integrated circuitsmicrochipchip
The color is selected with an electrically switched light modulator comprising a microscopic cavity that is switched on and off using driver integrated circuits similar to those used to address liquid crystal displays (LCD).

Liquid-crystal display

LCDliquid crystal displayliquid crystal displays
The color is selected with an electrically switched light modulator comprising a microscopic cavity that is switched on and off using driver integrated circuits similar to those used to address liquid crystal displays (LCD).

Reflection (physics)

reflectionreflectedreflective
An IMOD-based reflective flat panel display includes hundreds of thousands of individual IMOD elements each a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based device.

Ray (optics)

raysraylight rays
In one state an IMOD subpixel reflects light at a specific wavelength, while in a second state it absorbs incident light and appears black to the viewer, using a diffraction grating effect.

Diffraction grating

gratinggratingsgrating equation
In one state an IMOD subpixel reflects light at a specific wavelength, while in a second state it absorbs incident light and appears black to the viewer, using a diffraction grating effect.

Backlight

backlitbacklightingback-lit
Unlike conventional back-lit liquid crystal displays, it is clearly visible in bright ambient light such as sunlight.

Available light

ambient lightambienceambient
Unlike conventional back-lit liquid crystal displays, it is clearly visible in bright ambient light such as sunlight.

Frame rate

frames per secondfpsframe/s
IMOD prototypes as of mid-2010 could emit 15 frames per second (fps), and in November 2011 Qualcomm demonstrated another prototype reaching 30 fps, suitable for video playback.

Hue

colorcolor huecolors
Each of these elements reflects only one exact wavelength of light, such as a specific hue of red, green or blue, when turned on, and absorbs light (appears black) when off.

Paper

sheetpaper makingpaper manufacturing
Being a reflective display, they require an external light source (such as daylight or a lamp) to be readable, just like paper or other electronic paper technologies.

Electronic paper

e-paperelectrophoretic displayepaper
Being a reflective display, they require an external light source (such as daylight or a lamp) to be readable, just like paper or other electronic paper technologies.

Pixel

megapixelpxMP
A pixel in an IMOD-based display consists of one or more subpixels that are individual microscopic interferometric cavities similar in operation to Fabry–Pérot interferometers (etalons), and the scales in butterfly wings.

Fabry–Pérot interferometer

Fabry–PérotetalonFabry-Perrot optical resonance cavity
A pixel in an IMOD-based display consists of one or more subpixels that are individual microscopic interferometric cavities similar in operation to Fabry–Pérot interferometers (etalons), and the scales in butterfly wings.

Butterfly

butterfliesbutterfly-likeadulthood
A pixel in an IMOD-based display consists of one or more subpixels that are individual microscopic interferometric cavities similar in operation to Fabry–Pérot interferometers (etalons), and the scales in butterfly wings.

RGB color model

RGBred, green, and blueRGBC-IR
For a practical RGB color model (RGB) display, a single RGB pixel is built from several subpixels, because the brightness of a monochromatic pixel is not adjusted.