International Civil Aviation Organization

ICAOICAO recommendations on use of the International System of UnitsInternational Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)International Civil Aviation OrganisationICAO Aerodrome Reference CodeICAO codeInternational Commission for Air NavigationIACOProvisional International Civil Aviation OrganizationICAN
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO; Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale; 国际民航组织) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.wikipedia
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Montreal

Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
Its headquarters is located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006.

Civil aviation

civil aircraftcivilcivilian aircraft
The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, its infrastructure, flight inspection, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
Most of the countries in the world are members of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and work together to establish common standards and recommended practices for civil aviation through that agency.

Airports Council International

ACIAirport Council InternationalAirports Council International (ACI)
ICAO is distinct from other international air transport organizations, particularly because it alone is vested with international authority (among signatory states): other organizations include the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a trade association representing airlines; the Civil Air Navigation Services Organization (CANSO), an organization for Air navigation service providers (ANSPs); and the Airports Council International, a trade association of airport authorities.
ACI World is located in Montreal, Quebec, CanaI works on a daily basis with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and is a member of the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG).

Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation

Convention on International Civil AviationChicago Convention1944 Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation
ICAO defines the protocols for air accident investigation that are followed by in countries signatory to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation.
The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the UN charged with coordinating international air travel.

International Air Transport Association

IATAInternational Air Transport Association (IATA)International Air Traffic Association
ICAO is distinct from other international air transport organizations, particularly because it alone is vested with international authority (among signatory states): other organizations include the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a trade association representing airlines; the Civil Air Navigation Services Organization (CANSO), an organization for Air navigation service providers (ANSPs); and the Airports Council International, a trade association of airport authorities.
Much of IATA’s early work was technical and it provided input to the newly created International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which was reflected in the annexes of the Chicago Convention, the international treaty that still governs the conduct of international air transport today.

Call sign

call letterscallsigncall signs
The third convention, held in London in 1912 allocated the first radio callsigns for use by aircraft.
In this case, the call sign is spoken using the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) phonetic alphabet.

Civil Air Navigation Services Organization

Civil Air Navigation Services OrganisationCANSOCANSO Global
ICAO is distinct from other international air transport organizations, particularly because it alone is vested with international authority (among signatory states): other organizations include the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a trade association representing airlines; the Civil Air Navigation Services Organization (CANSO), an organization for Air navigation service providers (ANSPs); and the Airports Council International, a trade association of airport authorities.
CANSO also represents its members' views in regulatory and industry forums, including at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), where it has official Observer status.

Standards and Recommended Practices

SARPSARPs
International Standards And Recommended Practices are developed under the direction of the ANC through the formal process of ICAO Panels.
Standards And Recommended Practices (SARPs) are technical specifications adopted by the Council of ICAO in accordance with Article 37 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation in order to achieve "the highest practicable degree of uniformity in regulations, standards, procedures and organization in relation to aircraft, personnel, airways and auxiliary services in all matters in which such uniformity will facilitate and improve air navigation".

Machine-readable passport

Machine Readable Zonemachine-readable zonemachine-readable
ICAO has published standards for machine-readable passports.
They are standardized by the ICAO Document 9303 (endorsed by the International Organization for Standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission as ISO/IEC 7501-1) and have a special machine-readable zone (MRZ), which is usually at the bottom of the identity page at the beginning of a passport.

Aeronautical Information Publication

AIPaeronautical informationAIRAC
Each country should have an accessible Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP), based on standards defined by ICAO, containing information essential to air navigation.
In aviation, an Aeronautical Information Publication (or AIP) is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO; Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale; 国际民航组织) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. In October 1947, ICAO became an agency of the United Nations under its Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

Biometric passport

biometrice-passportbiometric passports
A more recent standard covers biometric passports.
Document and chip characteristics are documented in the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Doc 9303 (ICAO9303).

Aeronautical Message Handling System

AMHSCopperchase Ltd.
ICAO also standardizes certain functions for use in the airline industry, such as the Aeronautical Message Handling System (AMHS).
It has been defined by the ICAO.

Passport

diplomatic passportpassportsinternational passport
Machine-readable passports have an area where some of the information otherwise written in textual form is also written as strings of alphanumeric characters, printed in a manner suitable for optical character recognition.
Passport standardization came about in 1980, under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Quartier international de Montréal

Quartier internationalInternational DistrictInternational Quarter
Its headquarters is located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Place de la Cité internationale, northwest of Victoria Square, is a complex that currently consists of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

International Standard Atmosphere

ISAICAO Standard Atmospherestandard atmosphere
ICAO defines an International Standard Atmosphere (also known as ICAO Standard Atmosphere), a model of the standard variation of pressure, temperature, density, and viscosity with altitude in the Earth's atmosphere.
Other standards organizations, such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the United States Government, publish extensions or subsets of the same atmospheric model under their own standards-making authority.

United Nations Economic and Social Council

ECOSOCEconomic and Social CouncilUN Economic and Social Council
In October 1947, ICAO became an agency of the United Nations under its Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

Aviation accidents and incidents

plane crashairplane crashaviation accident
ICAO defines the protocols for air accident investigation that are followed by in countries signatory to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation.
The regulation was taken into effect in 2016 by the ICAO, and requires no new aircraft equipment so long as airlines adhere to it.

Airline

scheduled commercialairlinescarrier
ICAO is distinct from other international air transport organizations, particularly because it alone is vested with international authority (among signatory states): other organizations include the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a trade association representing airlines; the Civil Air Navigation Services Organization (CANSO), an organization for Air navigation service providers (ANSPs); and the Airports Council International, a trade association of airport authorities. It changes the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
Groups such as the International Civil Aviation Organization establish worldwide standards for safety and other vital concerns.

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
The UAE is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies (ICAO, ILO, UPU, WHO, WIPO); as well as the World Bank, IMF, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), OPEC, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, and the Non-Aligned Movement and is an observer in Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

NOTAM

Notice to Airmennotices to airmenNOTAMS
ICAO's standards also dictate that temporary hazards to aircraft must be regularly published using NOTAMs.

Smart card

smartcardIC Cardsmart cards
The passport's critical information is stored on a tiny RFID computer chip, much like information stored on smartcards.
Contactless smart cards are part of ICAO biometric passports to enhance security for international travel.

Radio-frequency identification

RFIDradio frequency identificationRFID tag
The passport's critical information is stored on a tiny RFID computer chip, much like information stored on smartcards.
Standards for RFID passports are determined by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), and are contained in ICAO Document 9303, Part 1, Volumes 1 and 2 (6th edition, 2006).

Flight inspection

Air Safety Investigatorverification and calibration of navigational aids
The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, its infrastructure, flight inspection, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
Standards for flight inspection are provided by organisations such as the International Civil Aviation Organization and Federal Aviation Administration.

Airbus A380

A380Airbus A380-800Airbus A380 airliner
Airbus obtained type certificates for the A380-841 and A380-842 model from the EASA and FAA on 12 December 2006 in a joint ceremony at the company's French headquarters, receiving the ICAO code A388.