International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

Red CrossRed CrescentICRMRed Crescent SocietyInternational Red CrossInternational Red Cross and Red CrescentInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent SocietiesInternational Federation of the Red CrossInternational Red Cross CommitteeThe Red Cross
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.wikipedia
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List of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Red Cross SocietyCuban Red CrossRed Cross
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the world's largest group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations.

International Committee of the Red Cross

International Red CrossICRCRed Cross
In 1923, the International Committee of the Red Cross adopted a change in its policy regarding the selection of new members.
The ICRC is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement along with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and 190 National Societies.

Henry Dunant

Henri DunantJean Henri DunantJean-Henri Dunant
A devout Reformed Christian, the Swiss businessman Jean-Henri Dunant, in June 1859, traveled to Italy to meet French emperor Napoléon III with the intention of discussing difficulties in conducting business in Algeria, at that time occupied by France.
He was the visionary, promoter and co-founder of the Red Cross.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

IFRCSIFRCLeague of Red Cross Societies
In celebration of its centennial in 1963, the ICRC, together with the League of Red Cross Societies, received its third Nobel Peace Prize.
The IFRC is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement along with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and 190 National Societies.

Geneva

Geneva, SwitzerlandGenèveGeneve
Back in his home in Geneva, he decided to write a book entitled A Memory of Solferino which he published using his own money in 1862.
Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, and a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross.

Humanitarianism

humanitarianhumanityhumanitarians
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
In the middle of the 19th century, humanitarianism was central to the work of Florence Nightingale and Henry Dunant in emergency response and in the latter case led to the founding of the Red Cross.

American Red Cross

Red CrossAmerican National Red CrossThe American Red Cross
Five years later, the American Red Cross was founded through the efforts of Clara Barton. The most active of those are the American Red Cross, the British Red Cross, the German Red Cross, and the Red Cross societies of Sweden and Norway.
It is the designated US affiliate of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the United States movement to the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

Frédéric Passy

Frédéric
When the first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901, the Norwegian Nobel Committee opted to give it jointly to Jean-Henri Dunant and Frédéric Passy, a leading international pacifist.
Passy's work in the peace movement continued into his later years, and in 1901, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize alongside Red Cross founder, Henry Dunant.

Charles William Meredith van de Velde

van de VeldeCharles van de Veldevan der Velde
Also in 1864, Louis Appia and Charles van de Velde, a captain of the Dutch Army, became the first independent and neutral delegates to work under the symbol of the Red Cross in an armed conflict.
Charles William Meredith van de Velde (born December 3, 1818 in Leeuwarden, died 20 March 1898 in Menton) was a Dutch lieutenant-at-sea second class, painter, honorary member of the Red Cross and missionary.

A Memory of Solferino

Back in his home in Geneva, he decided to write a book entitled A Memory of Solferino which he published using his own money in 1862.
The publication of the book led to the establishment of the International Committee of the Red Cross (International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement) and the Geneva Conventions.

League of Nations

The League of NationsCouncil of the League of NationsLeague
In 1920, the task of repatriation was handed over to the newly founded League of Nations, which appointed the Norwegian diplomat and scientist Fridtjof Nansen as its "High Commissioner for Repatriation of the War Prisoners".
During the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, when the League accused Italian soldiers of targeting Red Cross medical tents, Benito Mussolini responded that "the League is very well when sparrows shout, but no good at all when eagles fall out."

Heiden, Switzerland

HeidenHeiden AR
Dunant died nine years later in the small Swiss health resort of Heiden.
The founder of the Red Cross, Henry Dunant, spent his last years in Heiden.

Red Cross parcel

Red Cross ParcelsparcelsRed Cross Food Parcels
The ICRC was also unable to obtain a response to reliable information about the extermination camps and the mass killing of European Jews, Roma, et al. After November 1943, the ICRC achieved permission to send parcels to concentration camp detainees with known names and locations.
Red Cross parcel refers to packages containing mostly food, tobacco and personal hygiene items sent by the International Association of the Red Cross to prisoners of war during the First and Second World Wars, as well as at other times.

Cuba

Republic of CubaCubanCUB
The movement had extended itself beyond Europe and North America to Central and South America (Argentine Republic, the United States of Brazil, the Republic of Chile, the Republic of Cuba, the United Mexican States, the Republic of Peru, the Republic of El Salvador, the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, the United States of Venezuela), Asia (the Republic of China, the Empire of Japan and the Kingdom of Siam), and Africa (Union of South Africa).
Between 200,000 and 400,000 Cuban civilians died from starvation and disease in the camps, numbers verified by the Red Cross and United States Senator Redfield Proctor, a former Secretary of War.

Geneva Conventions

Geneva Conventionillegal under international lawCommon Article 3
On 22 August 1864, the conference adopted the first Geneva Convention "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field".

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Nazi propagandapropagandaNazi propaganda film
Rossel's report was noted for its uncritical acceptance of Nazi propaganda.
On 23 June 1944, the Nazis permitted the Red Cross to visit the concentration camp Theresienstadt to dispel rumors about the Final Solution, which was intended to kill all Jews.

Calvinism

CalvinistReformedCalvinists
A devout Reformed Christian, the Swiss businessman Jean-Henri Dunant, in June 1859, traveled to Italy to meet French emperor Napoléon III with the intention of discussing difficulties in conducting business in Algeria, at that time occupied by France.
Henry Dunant, a Reformed pietist, founded the Red Cross and initiated the Geneva Conventions.

Battle of Solferino

SolferinoSan MartinoBattle of Solférino
He arrived in the small town of Solferino on the evening of 24 June after the Battle of Solferino, an engagement in the Austro-Sardinian War.
The Battle of Solferino was depicted also in a 2006 television drama Henry Dunant: Du rouge sur la croix (English title: "Henry Dunant: Red on the Cross"), which tells the story of the signing of the Geneva Conventions and the founding of the Red Cross.

Second Italian War of Independence

Franco-Austrian WarAustro-Sardinian WarSecond War of Italian Independence
He arrived in the small town of Solferino on the evening of 24 June after the Battle of Solferino, an engagement in the Austro-Sardinian War.

Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent

International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement
In between the conferences, the Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent acts as the supreme body and supervises implementation of and compliance with the resolutions of the conference.
The Standing Commission of the Red Cross and Red Crescent is the permanent statutory body of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and the highest deliberative body of the Movement between the meetings of the Council of Delegates and the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.

Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Second Italo-Abyssinian WarItalian invasion of Ethiopiainvasion of Ethiopia
During the Abyssinian war between Ethiopia and Italy from 1935 to 1936, the League contributed aid supplies worth about 1.7 million Swiss francs.
In addition, deliberate Italian attacks against ambulances and hospitals of the Red Cross were reported.

British Red Cross

British Red Cross SocietyRed CrossBritish National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War
The most active of those are the American Red Cross, the British Red Cross, the German Red Cross, and the Red Cross societies of Sweden and Norway.
The British Red Cross Society is the United Kingdom body of the worldwide neutral and impartial humanitarian network the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

Restoring Family Links

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movementrestore and maintain contact with their familiesrestoring and maintaining family contact in times of war
The duties and responsibilities of a national society as defined by International Humanitarian Law and the statutes of the Movement include humanitarian aid in armed conflicts and emergency crises such as natural disasters through activities such as Restoring Family Links.
Restoring Family Links (RFL) is a program of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, more specifically the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies involving activities that aim to prevent separation and disappearance, look for missing persons, restore and maintain contact between family members and clarify the fate of persons reported missing.

Seville Agreement

In 1997, the ICRC and the IFRC signed the Seville Agreement which further defined the responsibilities of both organizations within the movement.
The Seville Agreement was an agreement drafted within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement in 1997 to specify which organization within the Movement would take the lead in certain field operations.

Cyprus Red Cross

Cyprus Red Cross Society
The most recent National Societies to have been recognized within the Movement are the Maldives Red Crescent Society (9 November 2011), the Cyprus Red Cross Society, the South Sudan Red Cross Society (12 November 2013) and, the last, the Tuvalu Red Cross Society (on 1 March 2016).
The Cyprus Red Cross Society (CRCS) is the only Red Cross society in Cyprus recognised by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.