International Space Station

ISSInternational Space Station (ISS)Space Stationdetailed test objectiveInternationalInternational Space Station ISSNEM-1Origins of the International Space StationScience and Power Module 1scientific and power modules
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit.wikipedia
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International Space Station program

ISS programpreliminary agreement1998 Agreement
The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).
The International Space Station program is tied together by a complex set of legal, political and financial agreements between the fifteen nations involved in the project, governing ownership of the various components, rights to crewing and utilization, and responsibilities for crew rotation and resupply of the International Space Station.

Scientific research on the International Space Station

Scientific research on the ISSBISE - Bodies In the Space EnvironmentBodies in the space environment
The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology, and other fields.
Scientific research on the International Space Station is a collection of experiments that require one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit.

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA Advisory CouncilU.S. space program
The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).
NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles.

US Orbital Segment

United States Orbital SegmentUSOSAmerican portion
The station is divided into two sections, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is operated by Russia, and the United States Orbital Segment (USOS), which is shared by many nations.
The US Orbital Segment (USOS) is the name given to the components of the International Space Station (ISS) constructed and operated by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), European Space Agency (ESA), Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

Space station

space stationsorbital stationstation
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit.
, one fully operational and permanently inhabited space station is in low Earth orbit: the International Space Station (ISS), which is used to study the effects of long-term space flight on the human body as well as to provide a location to conduct a greater number and length of scientific studies than is possible on other space vehicles.

Expedition 1

Expedition Onethe first resident crewcrew 1
The first ISS component was launched in 1998, with the first long-term residents arriving on 2 November 2000.
Expedition 1 was the first long-duration stay on the International Space Station (ISS).

Zvezda (ISS module)

ZvezdaZvezda Service ModuleZvezda module
The ISS maintains an orbit with an average altitude of 400 km by means of reboost manoeuvres using the engines of the Zvezda module or visiting spacecraft.
Zvezda (Звезда́, meaning "star"), Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS).

Micro-g environment

microgravitymicro-gravitymicrogravity environment
The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology, and other fields.
The term micro-g environment (also μg, often referred to by the term microgravity) is more or less synonymous with the terms weightlessness and zero-g, but indicates that g-forces are never exactly zero—just very small (on the ISS, for example, the small g-forces come from tidal effects, gravity from objects other than the Earth (such as astronauts, the spacecraft, and the Sun), and, occasionally, air resistance).

Mir

Mir space stationSpace Station MirMir'' space station
This is the longest continuous human presence in low Earth orbit, having surpassed the previous record of held by Mir.
At the time it was the largest artificial satellite in orbit, succeeded by the International Space Station (ISS) after Mir s orbit decayed.

Russian Orbital Segment

ROSRussian segment
The station is divided into two sections, the Russian Orbital Segment (ROS), which is operated by Russia, and the United States Orbital Segment (USOS), which is shared by many nations.
The Russian Orbital Segment (ROS) is the name given to the components of the International Space Station (ISS) constructed in Russia and operated by the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos).

Space Shuttle

Shuttlespace shuttlesSpace Shuttle Program
Major ISS modules have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets and US Space Shuttles.
Operational missions launched numerous satellites, interplanetary probes, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST); conducted science experiments in orbit; and participated in construction and servicing of the International Space Station.

Skylab

Skylab 1Skylab 5Sky Lab
The ISS is the ninth space station to be inhabited by crews, following the Soviet and later Russian Salyut, Almaz, and Mir stations as well as Skylab from the US.
A permanent US station was planned starting in 1969, but funding for this was canceled and replaced with US participation in an International Space Station in 1993.

List of International Space Station visitors

15 different nations19 different nationssurpassed by the ISS
The ISS has been visited by astronauts, cosmonauts and space tourists from 19 different nations.
This is a list of all of the visitors to the International Space Station (ISS), including long-term crew, short-term visitors, and space tourists, in alphabetical order.

SpaceX Dragon

DragonDragon spacecraftDragon capsule
The station is serviced by a variety of visiting spacecraft: the Russian Soyuz and Progress, the US Dragon and Cygnus, the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle, and formerly the European Automated Transfer Vehicle.
On 25 May 2012, a cargo variant of Dragon became the first commercial spacecraft to successfully rendezvous with and attach to the International Space Station (ISS).

Soyuz (rocket family)

SoyuzSoyuz rocketSoyuz-Fregat
Major ISS modules have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets and US Space Shuttles.
When the U.S. Space Shuttle program ended in 2011, Soyuz rockets became the only launch vehicles able to transport astronauts to the International Space Station.

Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

AMS-02AMSAMS-01
Perhaps the most notable ISS experiment is the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS), which is intended to detect dark matter and answer other fundamental questions about our universe and is as important as the Hubble Space Telescope according to NASA.
The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, also designated AMS-02, is a particle physics experiment module that is mounted on the International Space Station (ISS).

Satellite

satellitesartificial satelliteartificial satellites
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit.
Currently the largest artificial satellite ever is the International Space Station.

JAXA

Japan Aerospace Exploration AgencyJapanese Space AgencyJapanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).
On 10 September 2009 the first H-IIB rocket was successfully launched, delivering the HTV-1 freighter to resupply the International Space Station.

Human spaceflight

space travelmannedmanned spaceflight
This data will be used to determine whether high duration human spaceflight and space colonisation are feasible.
Humans have been continuously present in space for on the International Space Station.

Inflatable space habitat

expandableenclosed inflatable habitatsinflatable
The latest major pressurised module was fitted in 2011, with an experimental inflatable space habitat added in 2016.
An inflatable module called TransHab (a portmanteau of Trans Habitation) was proposed for the International Space Station, and later the private company Bigelow Aerospace revived the design for use in a number of potential civil and commercial applications.

Canadian Space Agency

CSACanadian space programCanadian Space Agency (CSA)
The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).
Canada's contribution to the International Space Station is the 1.3 billion dollar Mobile Servicing System.

Low Earth orbit

Low EarthLEOlow-Earth orbit
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit. This is the longest continuous human presence in low Earth orbit, having surpassed the previous record of held by Mir.
The International Space Station conducts operations in LEO.

Chris Hadfield

Chris A. HadfieldChris Austin HadfieldFirst Canadian to Walk In Space
In May 2013, commander Chris Hadfield shot a music video of David Bowie's "Space Oddity" on board the station; the film was released on YouTube.
The first Canadian to walk in space, Hadfield has flown two Space Shuttle missions and served as commander of the International Space Station.

Electrical system of the International Space Station

Station-to-Shuttle Power Transfer SystemISS's existing nickel-hydrogen batteriesSSPTS
Beginning in the mid 1990s, the U.S. components Destiny, Unity, the Integrated Truss Structure, and the solar arrays were fabricated at the Marshall Space Flight Center and the Michoud Assembly Facility.
The electrical system of the International Space Station is a critical resource for the International Space Station (ISS) because it allows the crew to live comfortably, to safely operate the station, and to perform scientific experiments.

Destiny (ISS module)

DestinyDestiny Laboratory ModuleDestiny'' Laboratory Module
Beginning in the mid 1990s, the U.S. components Destiny, Unity, the Integrated Truss Structure, and the solar arrays were fabricated at the Marshall Space Flight Center and the Michoud Assembly Facility.
The Destiny module, also known as the U.S. Lab, is the primary operating facility for U.S. research payloads aboard the International Space Station (ISS).