International Space Station
Modular space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit.- International Space Station
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Space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia.
At the time it was the largest artificial satellite in orbit, succeeded by the International Space Station (ISS) after Mir s orbit decayed.
The first space station programme, undertaken by the Soviet Union.
Experience gained from the Salyut stations paved the way for multimodular space stations such as Mir and the International Space Station (ISS), with each of those stations possessing a Salyut-derived core module at its heart.
The first United States space station, launched by NASA, occupied for about 24 weeks between May 1973 and February 1974.
A permanent station was planned starting in 1988, but funding for this was canceled and replaced with United States participation in an International Space Station in 1993.
Zvezda (Звезда, meaning "star"), Salyut DOS-8, also known as the Zvezda Service Module, is a module of the International Space Station (ISS).
Dragon 2 is a class of partially reusable spacecraft developed and manufactured by American aerospace manufacturer SpaceX, primarily for flights to the International Space Station (ISS).
Japanese national air and space agency.
Tsukuba Space Center (TKSC) in Tsukuba, Ibaraki. This is the center of Japan's space network. It is involved in research and development of satellites and rockets, and tracking and controlling of satellites. It develops experimental equipment for the Japanese Experiment Module ("Kibo"). Training of astronauts also takes place here. For International Space Station operations, the Japanese Flight Control Team is located at the Space Station Integration & Promotion Center (SSIPC) in Tsukuba. SSIPC communicates regularly with ISS crewmembers via S-band audio.
Russian expendable cargo spacecraft.
Progress has supported space stations as early as Salyut 6 and as recently as the International Space Station (ISS).
Earth-centered orbit near the planet, often specified as having an orbital period of 128 minutes or less (making at least 11.25 orbits per day) and an eccentricity less than 0.25.
The International Space Station is in a LEO about 400 km to 420 km above Earth's surface, and needs re-boosting a few times a year due to orbital decay.
Human space travel for recreational purposes.
During the period from 2001 to 2009, seven space tourists made eight space flights aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station, brokered by Space Adventures in conjunction with Roscosmos and RSC Energia.
State corporation of the Russian Federation responsible for space flights, cosmonautics programs, and aerospace research.
Scientific missions, such as interplanetary probes or astronomy missions during these years played a very small role, and although the agency had connections with the Russian aerospace forces, its budget was not part of Russia's defense budget; nevertheless, the agency managed to operate the Mir space station well past its planned lifespan, contributed to the International Space Station, and continued to fly Soyuz and Progress missions.