International Standard Book Number

ISBNISO 2108International ISBN AgencyInternational Standard Book Number (ISBN)ISBN numbersISBNs(ISBN)10-digit ISBNbook numbercheck digits in ISBN
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.wikipedia
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Gordon Foster

Foster, Gordon
The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a nine-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965.
Frederic Gordon Foster (24 February 1921 – 20 December 2010) was an Irish computational engineer, statistician, professor, and college dean who is widely known for devising, in 1965, a nine-digit code upon which the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is based.

WHSmith

W H SmithWH SmithW. H. Smith
The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a nine-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965.
It was the first retail chain in the world, and was responsible for the creation of the ISBN book identifier.

R.R. Bowker

Books in PrintR. R. BowkerBowker
The ISBN identification format was conceived in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker (regarded as the "Father of the ISBN") and in 1968 in the United States by Emery Koltay (who later became director of the U.S. ISBN agency R.R. Bowker).
Bowker is the exclusive U.S. agent for issuing International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs), a universal method of identifying books in print.

Code

encodingencodedencode
The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a nine-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965.
Other examples of prefix codes are country calling codes, the country and publisher parts of ISBNs, and the Secondary Synchronization Codes used in the UMTS WCDMA 3G Wireless Standard.

Hardcover

Hardbacktrade hardcoverHardbound
For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN.
Following the ISBN sequence numbers, books of this type may be identified by the abbreviation Hbk.

International Standard Serial Number

ISSNISO 3297ISSN 0744-5105
Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), identifies periodical publications such as magazines and newspapers.
ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books.

Check digit

Check characterchecksumverifying digit
For example, the second edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has "SBN 340 01381 8", where "340" indicates the publisher, "01381" is the serial number assigned by the publisher, and "8" is the check digit.
The final character of a ten-digit International Standard Book Number is a check digit computed so that multiplying each digit by its position in the number (counting from the right) and taking the sum of these products modulo 11 is 0.

Book

booksmonographbiblio
The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a nine-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965.
The back cover is the usual place for the book's ISBN and maybe a photograph of the author(s)/ editor(s), perhaps with a short introduction to them.

National Library of New Zealand

Alexander Turnbull LibraryNational LibraryPapers Past
The Legal Deposit Office is New Zealand's agency for ISBN and ISSN.

List of ISBN identifier groups

ISBN identifier groupsregistration group identifier
The ISBN registration group identifier is a 1- to 5-digit number that is valid within a single prefix element (i.e. one of 978 or 979), and can be separated between hyphens, such as "978-1-...".
This is a list of ISBN identifier groups, the second element in 13-digit ISBNs (the first element in 10-digit ISBNs).

List of group-0 ISBN publisher codes

identifier 0ISBN numbering system
Partial lists have been compiled (from library catalogs) for the English-language groups: identifier 0 and identifier 1.
A list of publisher codes for (978) International Standard Book Numbers with a group code of zero.

List of group-1 ISBN publisher codes

identifier 1
Partial lists have been compiled (from library catalogs) for the English-language groups: identifier 0 and identifier 1.
A list of publisher codes for (978) International Standard Book Numbers with a group code of one.

Bookland

Since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained thirteen digits, a format that is compatible with "Bookland" European Article Number EAN-13s.
"Bookland" is the informal name for the Unique Country Code (UCC) prefix allocated in the 1980s for European Article Number (EAN) identifiers of published books, regardless of country of origin, so that the EAN namespace can catalogue books by ISBN rather than maintaining a redundant parallel numbering system.

Publishing

publisherpublishedpublishing house
For example, the second edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has "SBN 340 01381 8", where "340" indicates the publisher, "01381" is the serial number assigned by the publisher, and "8" is the check digit.
Within the book publishing, the publisher of record for a book is the entity in whose name the book's ISBN is registered.

ISO TC 46/SC 9

TC 46/SC 9ISO TC46TC 9846
ISO has appointed the International ISBN Agency as the registration authority for ISBN worldwide and the ISBN Standard is developed under the control of ISO Technical Committee 46/Subcommittee 9 TC 46/SC 9.

Identifier

IDidentifiersidentification number
The Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code is a nine-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965.

National and University Library of Iceland

National Library of IcelandNational Library, ReykjavikIcelandic National Library
The library is the ISBN and ISSN national center in Iceland.

EPUB

CoolReader.epubEPUB3
In other words, each of the three separate EPUB, Amazon Kindle, and PDF formats of a particular book will have its own specific ISBN.
contains the title of the book, contains the language of the book's contents in RFC 3066 format or its successors, such as the newer RFC 4646 and contains a unique identifier for the book, such as its ISBN or a URL.

Modular arithmetic

modulomodcongruent
Formally, using modular arithmetic, this is rendered:
For example, International Standard Book Number (ISBN) uses modulo 11 (if issued before 1 January, 2007) or modulo 10 (if issued on or after 1 January, 2007) arithmetic for error detection.

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec

Bibliothèque nationale du QuébecNational Library and Archives of QuebecBAnQ
BAnQ serves as the official representative of the Agence francophone pour la numérotation internationale du livre regarding the assignment of ISBN prefixes in Quebec and Canada.

Barcode

bar codebarcodesbar codes
Currently the barcodes on a book's back cover (or inside a mass-market paperback book's front cover) are EAN-13; they may have a separate barcode encoding five digits called an EAN-5 for the currency and the recommended retail price.
Barcodes that encode a book's ISBN are also widely pre-printed on books, journals and other printed materials.

Global Trade Item Number

GTINGlobal Trade Item Number (GTIN)Australian Product Number
Because the GTIN-13 is part of the Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) system (that includes the GTIN-14, the GTIN-12, and the GTIN-8), the 13-digit ISBN falls within the 14-digit data field range.
The GTIN standard has incorporated the International Standard Book Number (ISBN), International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), International Standard Music Number (ISMN), International Article Number (which includes the European Article Number and Japanese Article Number) and some Universal Product Codes (UPCs), into a universal number space.

Digital object identifier

DOIDOIsInternational DOI Foundation
Thus, by being actionable and interoperable, a DOI differs from identifiers such as ISBNs and ISRCs which aim only to identify their referents uniquely.

International Standard Audiovisual Number

ISANISAN-IAISO 15706
International Standard Audiovisual Number (ISAN) is a unique identifier for audiovisual works and related versions, similar to ISBN for books.

International Standard Musical Work Code

ISWCISO 15707catalog number codes
International Standard Musical Work Code (ISWC) is a unique identifier for musical works, similar to ISBN for books.