International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureWorld Conservation UnionInternational Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural ResourcesIUCN Species Survival CommissionInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural ResourcesInternational Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)IUCN SSCSpecies Survival CommissionCat Specialist Group
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources ) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.wikipedia
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Gland, Switzerland

GlandGland VD
Its headquarters are in Gland, Switzerland.
The city also is home to the IUCN and WWF headquarters.

Sustainable development

sustainablesustainable growthsustainability
Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects.
In 1980 the International Union for the Conservation of Nature published a world conservation strategy that included one of the first references to sustainable development as a global priority and introduced the term "sustainable development".

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations and plays a role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity.
An explicit definition consistent with this interpretation was first given in a paper by Bruce A. Wilcox commissioned by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) for the 1982 World National Parks Conference.

World Wide Fund for Nature

World Wildlife FundWWFWorldwide Fund for Nature
It was involved in establishing the World Wide Fund for Nature and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
The WWF was conceived to act as a funding institution for existing conservation groups such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources and The Conservation Foundation.

Tracy Philipps

James Edward Tracy PhilippsJames Erasmus Tracy Philipps
For this reason, Tracy Philipps, Secretary-General from 1955-1958, did not draw a salary during his period in office.
A reform-minded District Commissioner in Colonial Uganda, in later life he led efforts to create African National Parks as Secretary-General of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

1948

Other events of 194818 April 1948 in Krakow
IUCN was established on 5 October 1948, in Fontainebleau, France, when representatives of governments and conservation organizations spurred by UNESCO signed a formal act constituting the International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN).

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and FloraCITES Appendix IIConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species
Internationally, IUCN provides advice to environmental conventions such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, CITES and the Framework Convention on Climate Change.
It was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
The initiative to set up the new organisation came from UNESCO and especially from its first Director General, the British biologist Julian Huxley.

BirdLife International

birdlifeInternational Council for Bird PreservationBird Life International
At the time of its founding IUPN was the only international organisation focusing on the entire spectrum of nature conservation (an international organisation for the protection of birds, now BirdLife International, had been established in 1922.)
As the official listing authority for birds for the World Conservation Union’s Red List of threatened species, BirdLife International has identified more than 1,000 bird species threatened with extinction and has developed conservation strategies for each of them.

The world's 100 most threatened species

world's 100 most threatened speciesmost endangered
It was the result of a collaboration between over 8,000 scientists from the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission (IUCN SSC), along with the Zoological Society of London.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre

UNEP-WCMCUnited Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring CentreWCMC
It was involved in establishing the World Wide Fund for Nature and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre was previously an independent organisation jointly managed by IUCN, UN Environment Programme and WWF established in 1988, and prior to that the Centre was a part of the IUCN Secretariat.

Natural resource

natural resourcesresourcesmineral resources
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources ) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
To look at the importance of protecting natural resources further, the World Ethic of Sustainability, developed by the IUCN, WWF and the UNEP in 1990, set out eight values for sustainability, including the need to protect natural resources from depletion.

Protected area

conservation areaprotected areasprotected landscape
According to its website, IUCN works on the following themes: business, climate change, economics, ecosystems, environmental law, forest conservation, gender, global policy, marine and polar, protected areas, science and knowledge, social policy, species, water and world heritage. IUCN' stated goal is to expand the global network of national parks and other protected areas and promote good management of such areas.
The definition that has been widely accepted across regional and global frameworks has been provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its categorisation guidelines for protected areas.

IUCN Red List

IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesRed ListRed List of Threatened Species
The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
The (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the (IUCN) Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

National park

national parksnationalNP
IUCN' stated goal is to expand the global network of national parks and other protected areas and promote good management of such areas.
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
Species listed under this status by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are not known to have any living specimens in the wild, and are maintained only in zoos or other artificial environments.

Harold Jefferson Coolidge Jr.

Harold J. CoolidgeHarold Jefferson Coolidge, Jr.Harold Coolidge
Harold Jefferson Coolidge Jr. (January 15, 1904 – February 15, 1985 ) was an American zoologist and a founding director of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as well as of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

Inger Andersen (environmentalist)

Inger Andersen
She succeeded Inger Andersen.
Prior to her appointment, at UNEP, Andersen was Director General of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Vice President for Sustainable Development at the World Bank and Head of the CGIAR Fund Council and then World Bank Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa

Forest protection

forest conservationprotectprotected forest
According to its website, IUCN works on the following themes: business, climate change, economics, ecosystems, environmental law, forest conservation, gender, global policy, marine and polar, protected areas, science and knowledge, social policy, species, water and world heritage.
The IUCN implements such protocols that protect over 670 eco-regions.

M. S. Swaminathan

M.S. SwaminathanMonkombu Sambasivan SwaminathanM S Swaminathan
He served as Director General of the International Rice Research Institute (1982–88) and became president of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in 1988.

Environmental law

environmental regulationenvironmentalenvironmental regulations
According to its website, IUCN works on the following themes: business, climate change, economics, ecosystems, environmental law, forest conservation, gender, global policy, marine and polar, protected areas, science and knowledge, social policy, species, water and world heritage.
Major examples are the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Zhang Xinsheng

IUCN's current President is Zhang Xinsheng.
He is the former Vice-minister of the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, the Vice-president of the Chinese Olympic Committee and the president of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Nature-based solutions

Nature Based SolutionsNature-based Solutions (NbS)
Nature-based Solutions (NbS) use ecosystems and the services they provide to address societal challenges such as climate change, food security or natural disasters.
For instance, IUCN defines NBS as "actions to protect, sustainably manage and restore natural or modified ecosystems, which address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, while simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits".

Achim Steiner

UNEP Executive Director, Achim Steiner.
He has also served as Director General of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Secretary-General of the World Commission on Dams.