International Workers' Day

May DayLabour DayLabor DayInternational Workers DayMay 1Workers' Day1 MayInternational Labor DayInternational Labour DayMay Day parade
This article is about International Workers' Day on 1 May, a holiday sometimes called May Day.wikipedia
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May Day

1936 May Day celebrationsFirst of MayMay 1
International Workers' Day, also known as Workers' Day, Labour Day in some countries and often referred to as May Day, is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement which occurs every year on May Day (1 May), an ancient European spring festival. In Poland, since the fall of communism, 1 May is officially celebrated as May Day, but is commonly called Labour Day.
In the late 19th century, May Day was chosen as the date for International Workers' Day by the Socialists and Communists of the Second International to commemorate the Haymarket affair in Chicago.

Haymarket affair

Haymarket RiotHaymarket SquareHaymarket bombing
The date was chosen by a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886.
The Haymarket Affair is generally considered significant as the origin of International Workers' Day held on May 1.

Labour Day

Labor DayLabour Day WeekendLabour Weekend
The first of May is a national, public holiday in many countries across the world, in most cases as "Labour Day", "International Workers' Day" or some similar name – although some countries celebrate a Labour Day on other dates significant to them, such as the United States and Canada, which celebrate Labor Day on the first Monday of September.
[[File:Observance of International Workers' Day - Revised.svg|alt=|thumb|400x400px|Countries and dependencies coloured by observance of International Workers' Day or a different variant of May Day or Labour Day:

Second International

SecondSocialist InternationalSecond Socialist International
In 1889, a meeting in Paris was held by the first congress of the Second International, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne that called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests.
Among the Second International's famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May (May Day) as International Workers' Day and its 1910 declaration of the International Women's Day, first celebrated on 19 March and then on 8 March after the main day of the women's marches in 1917 during the Russian Revolution.

Labor Day

Labor Day WeekendLabour DaySeptember 6
The first of May is a national, public holiday in many countries across the world, in most cases as "Labour Day", "International Workers' Day" or some similar name – although some countries celebrate a Labour Day on other dates significant to them, such as the United States and Canada, which celebrate Labor Day on the first Monday of September.
More than 80 countries celebrate International Workers' Day on May 1 – the ancient European holiday of May Day.

May Day riots of 1894

May Day Riots
Subsequently, the May Day riots of 1894 occurred.
May Day, or International Workers' Day was a day for remembering the workers who died during the Haymarket affair of 1886.

Great American Boycott

A day without an immigrantDay Without An ImmigrantDay Without Immigrants
In 2006, 1 May was chosen by mostly Latino immigrant groups in the United States as the day for the Great American Boycott, a general strike of undocumented immigrant workers and supporters to protest H.R. 4437, immigration reform legislation that they felt was draconian.
The date was chosen by boycott organizers to coincide with May Day, the International Workers Day observed as a national holiday in Asia, most of Europe, and Mexico, but not officially recognized in the United States due to its Communist associations to some, and a separate Labor Day holiday it shares with Canada in early September.

International Workers Congresses of Paris, 1889

First CongressInternational Socialist Workers Congress of Parisfounding congress
In 1889, a meeting in Paris was held by the first congress of the Second International, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne that called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests.
It also passed a resolution calling for an international demonstration for the eight-hour working day on May 1.

International Socialist Congress, Amsterdam 1904

International Socialist Congress1904 Amsterdam Congress1904 world congress in Amsterdam
The 1904 Sixth Conference of the Second International, called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace."
This congress called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace."

Law Day (United States)

Law DayLaw Day, U.S.A.Law Day, U.S.A., 2001
In 1958, the American Bar Association campaigned to have 1 May designated as Law Day, which was acknowledged in 1961 by a joint resolution of Congress.
Before President Dwight D. Eisenhower declared May 1 to be Law Day, U.S.A., the first day of May was known in some parts of the world as May Day: a day to remember the struggles of workers in their fight for better wages and working conditions.

Loyalty Day

Loyalty Day, 2001Loyalty Day, 2017
In 1947, 1 May was established as Loyalty Day by the U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars as a way to counter communist influence and recruitment at May Day rallies.
It was originally called "Americanization Day," and it was intended to replace the May 1 ("May Day") celebration of the International Workers' Day, which commemorates the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago.

Rungrado 1st of May Stadium

Rungnado May Day StadiumMay Day StadiumRungrado May Day Stadium
The Rungnado May Day Stadium in the capital of Pyongyang is named in honor of the holiday.
The Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, also known as the May Day Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Rungra Island, Pyongyang, North Korea which was opened on 1 May 1989.

Red Square

Moscowoutside the front facadeRed Square in Moscow
During the Cold War, May Day became the occasion for large military parades in Red Square by the Soviet Union and attended by the top leaders of the Kremlin, especially the Politburo, atop Lenin's Mausoleum.
The Soviet Union held many parades in Red Square for May Day, Victory Day, and the October Revolution, which consisted of propaganda, flags, a labour demonstration, and a troops march and show off of tanks and missiles.

Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan

Labour Kishan Party of Hindusthan
The first May Day celebration in India was organized in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on 1 May 1923.
This was the first May Day celebration in India.

Public holidays in the Philippines

public holiday in the Philippinesnational holidayspecial non-working holiday
1 May is known as Labor Day and is a public holiday in the Philippines.

Public holidays in Austria

13 paid public holidaysAustriapublic holiday in Austria
Labour Day (Tag der Arbeit), officially called Staatsfeiertag (state's holiday), is a public holiday in Austria.

May Day in Kreuzberg

(Read more: May Day in Kreuzberg)
May Day in Kreuzberg refers to the street festivals and demonstrations organized by left-wing and far-left groups on May 1, International Workers' Day, in the Berlin district of Kreuzberg.

Public holidays in Bulgaria

Bulgarian Education and Culture and Slavonic Literature DayBulgariaIndependence Day
Labour Day is one of the public holidays in Bulgaria, where it is known as Labour Day and International Workers' Solidarity Day .

General strike

strikegeneral strikesstriking
In 2006, 1 May was chosen by mostly Latino immigrant groups in the United States as the day for the Great American Boycott, a general strike of undocumented immigrant workers and supporters to protest H.R. 4437, immigration reform legislation that they felt was draconian.

Public holidays in Poland

PolandDay of Solidarity and FreedomGrandfather's Day
In Poland, since the fall of communism, 1 May is officially celebrated as May Day, but is commonly called Labour Day.

International Longshore and Warehouse Union

ILWUInternational Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's UnionLongshoremen's Union
In March 2008, the International Longshore and Warehouse Union announced that dockworkers will move no cargo at any West Coast ports on 1 May 2008, as a protest against the continuation of the Iraq War and the diversion of resources from domestic needs.
In protest of the Iraq War, the ILWU encouraged longshore workers to "shut down all West Coast ports" by walking off the job on May 1, 2008, to "make May Day a 'No Peace, No Work' holiday."

Malayapuram Singaravelu

Singaravelu ChettiarMalayapuram Singaravelu ChettiarM. Singaravelar
The party leader Singaravelu Chettiar made arrangements to celebrate May Day in two places in 1923.
The foundation ceremony was purposefully kept on the May Day; and for the first time in India, under the auspices of the newly formed party, the day was observed as International Workers' Day.

1 Maja Coal Mine

Some factories in communist countries were named in honour of International Workers' Day, such as 1 Maja Coal Mine in Wodzisław Śląski, Poland.
Since 1961 it was called 1 Maja (1 May), in honor of International Workers' Day.

Public holidays in Thailand

Royal Thai Armed Forces Daypublic holidayMahidol Day
In Thailand, the day is known in English as National Labour Day, and is one of 17 official public holidays in Thailand.

Taksim Square massacre

1 May 1977 turning into a massacre1977 massacre1977 Taksim Square massacre
Taksim Square is the centre of the celebrations due to the Taksim Square massacre.
The Taksim Square massacre (Kanlı 1 Mayıs, or the Bloody First of May) relates to the incidents on 1 May 1977, the International Workers' Day on Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey.