International development

developmentglobal developmentdevelopment cooperationdevelopment practitionerdevelopment issuesdevelopment aidinternational cooperation for developmentWorld Development developmentdeveloper community
International development or global development is a broad concept denoting the idea that societies and countries have differing levels of 'development' on an international scale.wikipedia
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Least Developed Countries

least developed countryLDCsLeast-Developed Countries
It is the basis for international classifications such as developed country, developing country and least developed country, and for a field of practice and research that in various ways engages with international development processes.
The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

Quality of life

well-beinglivabilitywelfare
Other related concepts are, for instance, competitiveness, quality of life or subjective well-being.
QOL has a wide range of contexts, including the fields of international development, healthcare, politics and employment.

Millennium Development Goals

Millennium Development GoalMDGUN Millennium Development Goals
The international community has codified development aims in, for instance, the Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
It is the basis for international classifications such as developed country, developing country and least developed country, and for a field of practice and research that in various ways engages with international development processes.
Development aid or development cooperation is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social and political development of developing countries.

Good governance

governancegood governmenteffective governance
In international development, good governance is a way of measuring how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in a preferred way.

Postdevelopment theory

Development criticismdevelopment criticcritic of development
Postdevelopment theory (also post-development or anti-development or development criticism) holds that the whole concept and practice of development is a reflection of Western-Northern hegemony over the rest of the world.

International Labour Organization

ILOInternational Labour OfficeInternational Labor Organization
They were led initially by the International Labour Organization (ILO), influenced by Paul Streeten, then by United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
As with other UN specialised agencies (or programmes) working on international development, the ILO is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.

Center for Global Development

Centre for Global DevelopmentThe Center for Global Development
That is partially why institutions such as the Center for Global Development are searching for "pro-poor" economic policies.
The Center for Global Development (CGD) is a nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C. and London that focuses on international development.

Participatory rural appraisal

Rapid Rural AppraisalParticipatory Learning and Actionparticipatory appraisal
In the 1970s and early 1980s, the modernists at the World Bank and IMF adopted the neoliberal ideas of economists such as Milton Friedman or Béla Balassa, which were implemented in the form of structural adjustment programs, while their opponents were promoting various 'bottom-up' approaches, ranging from civil disobedience and critical consciousness to appropriate technology and Rapid Rural Appraisal.
Participatory rural appraisal (PRA) is an approach used by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other agencies involved in international development.

Economic development

developmenteconomicdevelop
Historically, development has often been largely synonymous with economic development.

Non-governmental organization

NGONGOsnon-governmental organisation
Rights-based approach to development has been adopted by many nongovernmental organizations and the United Nations as the new approach to international development.
Since the end of World War II, NGOs have had an increasing role in international development, particularly in the fields of humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation.

Overseas Development Institute

ODIThe Overseas Development Instituteresearchers
In a multi-country review of development progress, improved outcomes on these measures has generally been found to be driven by a combination of smart leadership, policies, institutions, and friends, according to the Overseas Development Institute.
The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960.

Human development (economics)

human developmentdevelopmentHuman development theory
More recently, writers and practitioners have begun to discuss development in the more holistic and multi-disciplinary sense of human development.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
Rights-based approach to development has been adopted by many nongovernmental organizations and the United Nations as the new approach to international development. Before this date, however, the United States had already taken a leading role in the creation of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (now part of the World Bank Group) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), both established in 1944, and in the United Nations in 1945.
The UN Development Programme (UNDP), an organization for grant-based technical assistance founded in 1945, is one of the leading bodies in the field of international development.

Industrialisation

industrializationindustrializedindustrialised
Under the former system, poor countries were encouraged to undergo social and economical structural transformations as part of their development, creating industrialization and intentional industrial policy.
the "international development community" (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), many United Nations departments, and some other organisations) endorses development policies like water purification or primary education and co-operation amongst third world communities.

Rights-based approach to development

rights-based approachrights-baseddownward accountability
Rights-based approach to development has been adopted by many nongovernmental organizations and the United Nations as the new approach to international development.
The United Nations developed this guide to address the significant changes occurring in the international development community with the adoption of human rights in development work.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
Nevertheless, a large portion of the world's population were still living in poverty, their governments were crippled by debt and concerns about the environmental impact of globalization were rising.

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
Nevertheless, a large portion of the world's population were still living in poverty, their governments were crippled by debt and concerns about the environmental impact of globalization were rising.
Increasingly, non-governmental organizations influence public policy across national boundaries, including humanitarian aid and developmental efforts.

United Nations Development Programme

UNDPUnited Nations Development ProgramUN Development Programme
Then United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), even though headed by a conservative U.S. republican, put forward the concept of Human Development, thanks to Mahboub ul Haq and Amartya Sen, thus changing the nature of the development dialogue to focus on human needs and capabilities.

Partners in Aid

Partners in Aid is an international development agency based in Narre Warren, Australia.

Capacity building

capacity developmentbuilding capacitycapacity
Rights-based approach combines many different concepts of international development, such as capacity building, human rights, participation, and sustainability.