A report on International recognition of the State of Palestine

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President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil formally recognized the State of Palestine in December 2010.
President Dmitry Medvedev of Russia reconfirmed its support for the State of Palestine in January 2011.
UN observer state status voting results:

Extraordinary session in-exile of the Palestinian National Council.

- International recognition of the State of Palestine
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State of Palestine

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De jure sovereign state in Western Asia.

De jure sovereign state in Western Asia.

Demonstration against road block, Kafr Qaddum, March 2012
The destroyed Palestinian Legislative Council building in Gaza City, Gaza–Israel conflict, September 2009
Map of Israeli settlements in the West Bank
International recognition of the State of Palestine
Children waving a Palestinian flag, West Bank
Palestinian girls in Nablus
Illustration of Palestinian Christian home in Jerusalem, ca 1850. By W. H. Bartlett

The State of Palestine has been recognized by 138 of the 193 UN members and since 2012 has had a status of a non-member observer state in the United Nations.

Palestinian National Authority

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Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Fatah-controlled government body that exercises partial civil control over West Bank areas "A" and "B" as a consequence of the 1993–1995 Oslo Accords.

Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat at the Oslo Accords signing ceremony on 13 September 1993.
CIA remote-sensing map of areas governed by the Palestinian Authority, July 2008.
The Palestinian legislative election in 2006, Hamas (green) and Fatah (yellow)
Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), President of the Palestinian Authority since 2005 (disputed since 2009).

The State of Palestine has become recognized by 138 nations and since November 2012, the United Nations voted to recognize the State of Palestine as a non-member UN observer state.

City of Bethlehem, West Bank

West Bank

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Landlocked territory near the coast of the Mediterranean in Western Asia.

Landlocked territory near the coast of the Mediterranean in Western Asia.

City of Bethlehem, West Bank
The Cave of the Patriarchs is one of the most famous holy sites in the region.
King Hussein flying over the Temple Mount in Jerusalem when it was under Jordanian control, 1965
City of Jericho, West Bank
U.S. President George Bush and Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, 2008
View of the Judaean Mountains from Ramallah
Map of West Bank settlements and closures in January 2006: Yellow = Palestinian urban centers. Light pink = closed military areas or settlement boundary areas or areas isolated by the Israeli West Bank barrier; dark pink = settlements, outposts or military bases. The black line = route of the Barrier
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing areas considered settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, walls, etc.
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West Bank barrier (Separating Wall)
Qalandiya Checkpoint between Ramallah and Jerusalem
Northern Governorates
Palestinian girl in Nablus
Jewish children in Tal Menashe.
Settlement of Ariel
Residential neighborhood of Ramallah
Road in the West Bank
Checkpoint before entering Jericho, 2005

As of February 2020, 134 (69.4%) of the 193 member states of the United Nations have recognised the State of Palestine within the Palestinian territories, which are recognized by Israel to constitute a single territorial unit, and of which the West Bank is the core of the would-be state.

Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem

Palestine Liberation Organization

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Palestinian nationalist political and militant organization founded in 1964 with the initial purpose of establishing Arab unity and statehood over the territory of former Mandatory Palestine, in opposition to the State of Israel.

Palestinian nationalist political and militant organization founded in 1964 with the initial purpose of establishing Arab unity and statehood over the territory of former Mandatory Palestine, in opposition to the State of Israel.

Orient House, the former PLO headquarters in Jerusalem

The Proclamation of Independence did not lead to statehood, although over 100 states recognised the State of Palestine.

A depiction of Syria and Palestine from CE 650 to 1500

Palestinians

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Ethnonational group descending from peoples who have inhabited the region of Palestine over the millennia, and who are today culturally and linguistically Arab.

Ethnonational group descending from peoples who have inhabited the region of Palestine over the millennia, and who are today culturally and linguistically Arab.

A depiction of Syria and Palestine from CE 650 to 1500
Palestinian mother and child
A loom at work making a traditional Palestinian keffiyeh in Hebron, Palestine. The keffiyeh is a traditional headdress with origins in Arabia
A veiled Arab woman in Bersheeba, Palestine c.1940
Tawfiq Canaan (1882–1964) was a pioneering Palestinian ethnographer and Palestinian nationalist. Deeply interested in Palestinian folklore (principally Canaanite, Philistine, Hebraic, Nabatean, Syrio-Aramaic and Arab), Canaan wrote several books and more than 50 articles on the matter
Depiction of Palestine in the time of Saul c. 1020 BC according to George Adam Smith's 1915 Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land
Palestinian children in Hebron
Edward Said and Daniel Barenboim in Sevilla, 2002
Saladin's Falcon, the coat of arms and emblem of the Palestinian Authority
Khalil Beidas's 1898 use of the word "Palestinians" in the preface to his translation of Akim Olesnitsky's [[:File:Olesnitsky A. The Holy Land. Vol. 1 (Russian).djvu|A Description of the Holy Land]]
A 1930 protest in Jerusalem against the British Mandate by Palestinian women. The sign reads "No dialogue, no negotiations until termination [of the Mandate]"
UN stamp to commemorate the Palestinian struggle
Musa Alami (1897-1984) was a Palestinian nationalist and politician and was viewed in the 1940s as the leader of the Palestinians
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, leader of the Army of the Holy War in 1948
Yasser Arafat, Nayef Hawatmeh and Kamal Nasser in a Jordan press conference in Amman, 1970
Protest for Palestine in Tunisia
Palestinian refugees in 1948
Palestinian girls in Nablus
Christians from Gaza
Palestinian Druze family making bread 1920
Areen Omari, a Palestinian actress and producer, attends a motion picture ceremony
Palestinian market at Jaffa, 1877 painting
The Umm al-Fahm Art Gallery
Palestinian novelist and non-fiction writer Susan Abulhawa
Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet
Palestinian-American writer Naomi Shihab Nye
Samah Sabawi is a Palestinian dramatist, writer and journalist.
Kamanjeh performer in Jerusalem, 1859
American radio personality and record producer DJ Khaled, of Palestinian descent
Palestinians attending prayers at the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the holiest site in Christianity
Palestinian Christian Scouts on Christmas Eve in front of the Nativity Church in Bethlehem, 2006
Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron
Jews in 'Ben Zakai' house of prayer, Jerusalem, 1893.
Tomb of Jethro in Hittin, Northern Israel.
Muslims pray in Jerusalem, 1840. By David Roberts, in The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt, and Nubia
A Palestinian Christian family in Ramallah, Ottoman Palestine, 1905
Married Eastern Orthodox priest from Jerusalem with his family (three generations), circa 1893
Palestinian students and John Kerry
Palestinian students
Palestinian students
Musakhan: The Palestinian National dish.
A plate of hummus, garnished with paprika and olive oil and pine nuts
A Palestinian youth serving Falafel in Ramallah.
Kanafeh: a Palestinian dessert.
The Alhamra Cinema, Jaffa, 1937, bombed December 1947
Villagers in Halhul at an open-air cinema screening c. 1940
A woman from Bethlehem, c. 1940s.
Young woman of Ramallah wearing dowry headdress, c. 1898–1914
Ramallah woman, c. 1920, Library of Congress
A Traditional Women's Dress in Ramallah, c. 1920.
Girls in Bethlehem costume pre-1885.
Palestinian Dabke folk dance being performed by men
Palestinian women dancing traditionally, Bethlehem c. 1936
Marco Zaror is a Chilean martial artist of Palestinian descent.
Nicolás Massú is a Chilean tennis player of Palestinian descent.
Roberto Bishara Adawi is a footballer of Palestinian descent.

Paul De Waart said that the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice in 2004 "ascertained the present responsibility of the United Nations to protect Palestine's statehood. It affirmed the applicability of the prohibition of acquisition of Palestinian territory by Israel and confirmed the illegality of the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Moreover, the existence of the Palestinian people as the rightful claimant to the Occupied Palestinian Territory is no longer open to question (See De Waart, Paul J. I. M., "International Court of Justice Firmly Walled in the Law of Power in the Israeli–Palestinian Peace Process", Leiden Journal of International Law, 18 (2005), pp. 467–487). and several Israeli authorities. A total of 133 countries recognize Palestine as a state. However, Palestinian sovereignty over the areas claimed as part of the Palestinian state remains limited, and the boundaries of the state remain a point of contestation between Palestinians and Israelis.

A peace movement poster: Israeli and Palestinian flags and the words peace in Arabic and Hebrew. Similar images have been used by several groups supporting a two-state solution to the conflict.

Two-state solution

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Independent State of Palestine alongside the State of Israel, west of the Jordan River.

Independent State of Palestine alongside the State of Israel, west of the Jordan River.

A peace movement poster: Israeli and Palestinian flags and the words peace in Arabic and Hebrew. Similar images have been used by several groups supporting a two-state solution to the conflict.
Map of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, 2011. Agreeing on acceptable borders is a major difficulty with the two-state solution.
Area C of the West Bank, controlled by Israel, in blue and red, December 2011
Demonstration against Israeli annexation of the West Bank, Rabin Square, Tel Aviv-Yafo, June 6, 2020
Trump's peace plan for the creation of the State of Palestine.
Recognition of Israel only
Recognition of both Israel and Palestinian State
Recognition of Palestinian State only

Israel views moves by Palestinian leaders to obtain international recognition of a State of Palestine as being unilateral action by the Palestinians and inconsistent with a negotiated two-state solution.

Central Israel and Area C (blue), the part of the West Bank under full Israeli control, 2011
(For a more up-to-date, interactive map, see here).

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

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One of the world's most enduring conflicts, beginning in the mid-20th century.

One of the world's most enduring conflicts, beginning in the mid-20th century.

Central Israel and Area C (blue), the part of the West Bank under full Israeli control, 2011
(For a more up-to-date, interactive map, see here).
The Palestinian Arab Christian-owned Falastin newspaper featuring a caricature on its 18 June 1936 edition showing Zionism as a crocodile under the protection of a British officer telling Palestinian Arabs: "don't be afraid!!! I will swallow you peacefully...".
The Arab revolt of 1936–1939 in Palestine, motivated by opposition to mass Jewish immigration.
Land in the lighter shade represents territory within the borders of Israel at the conclusion of the 1948 war. This land is internationally recognized as belonging to Israel.
A peace movement poster: Israeli and Palestinian flags and the words peace in Arabic and Hebrew.
Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton, and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993.
Israeli settlers in Hebron, West Bank
A fatally wounded Israeli school boy, 2011
Greater Jerusalem, May 2006. CIA remote sensing map showing what the CIA regards as settlements, plus refugee camps, fences, and walls
Palestinian refugees, 1948
Home in Balata refugee camp demolished during the second Intifada, 2002
Remains of an Egged bus hit by suicide bomber in the aftermath of the 2011 southern Israel cross-border attacks. Eight people were killed, about 40 were injured.
An Israeli child wounded by a Hamas Grad rocket fired on the city of Beer Sheva is taken to a hospital
Area C, controlled by Israel under Oslo Accords, in blue and red, in December 2011
Protest against land confiscation held at Bil'in, 2011
A neighbourhood in Ariel, home to the Ariel University
Israel's attack on Gaza in 2009
The barrier between Israel and Palestine and an example of one of the Israeli-controlled checkpoints
Bank of Palestine
Bar chart showing Israeli and Palestinian deaths from September 2000 to July 2014

The PLO's objective for international recognition of the State of Palestine is considered by Israel as a provocative "unilateral" act that is inconsistent with the Oslo Accords.

Member states of the United Nations (UN), as defined by the UN.

Sovereign state

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Political entity represented by one centralized government that has supreme legitimate authority over territory.

Political entity represented by one centralized government that has supreme legitimate authority over territory.

Member states of the United Nations (UN), as defined by the UN.
De facto map of control of the world, May 2019
Member states of the United Nations (UN), as defined by the UN (blue), as well as observer states (green), non-member states (orange), and non-self-governing territories (grey).

The PLO and Palestinian Authority claim that the State of Palestine is a sovereign state, a claim which has been recognised by most states, though most of the territory it claims is under the de facto control of Israel.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 43/177

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Resolution in which the United Nations General Assembly acknowledged the proclamation of the State of Palestine and the use of the designation "Palestine", referring to the PLO in the UN.

Resolution in which the United Nations General Assembly acknowledged the proclamation of the State of Palestine and the use of the designation "Palestine", referring to the PLO in the UN.

In effect, this was the International recognition of the State of Palestine, although still occupied and not yet admitted as member of the UN.