International relations

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The field of international relations dates from the time of the Greek historian Thucydides.
The official portraits of King Władysław IV dressed according to French, Spanish and Polish fashion reflects the complex politics of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Thirty Years' War.
Empires of the world in 1910
NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan
The United Nations Secretariat Building at the United Nations headquarters in New York City
The World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C.
NATO E-3A flying with USAF F-16s in a NATO exercise

Scientific study of interactions between sovereign states.

- International relations
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The historic town hall of Münster where the treaty was signed

Peace of Westphalia

Collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster.

Collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster.

The historic town hall of Münster where the treaty was signed
Dutch envoy Adriaan Pauw enters Münster around 1646 for the peace negotiations
Sebastian Dadler undated medal (1648), Christina of Sweden, portrait with feathered helmet right. Obverse
The reverse of this medal: Christina of Sweden as Minerva holding an olive branch in her left arm and grasping the tree of knowledge with her right hand.
A map showing European borders in 1648
The Holy Roman Empire in 1648
Allegory of the Peace of Westphalia, by Jacob Jordaens.

Scholars of international relations have identified the Peace of Westphalia as the origin of principles crucial to modern international relations, collectively known as Westphalian sovereignty, though other historians argue that this is largely a myth invented after the fact.

Committee on International Relations (University of Chicago)

One-year master's degree graduate program in the Division of Social Sciences at the University of Chicago.

One-year master's degree graduate program in the Division of Social Sciences at the University of Chicago.

It is one of the oldest international relations graduate program in the United States.

The Fletcher School at Tufts University

Old logo of the school.
Excerpts from the Will of Austin B. Fletcher
Goddard Hall, 1939
Cabot Intercultural Center, 2010
Mugar Hall, 2009
Goddard Hall, 2010

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy is the graduate school of international affairs of Tufts University, in Medford, Massachusetts.

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland.

Government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland.

one of the institute's campus sites, the Maison de la paix
Maison de la paix.
The Davis Library of the Maison de la paix
The Villa Barton campus on the shores of Lake Geneva.
Earlier logo of the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI)
IHEID's later logo at Villa Barton's main gate.
Maison de la paix ("House of Peace").
The Villa Moynier campus
Kofi Annan, former UN secretary-general, 1997–2006 and Nobel Peace prize recipient
Mohamed ElBaradei, IAEA director-general, 1997–2009, former vice-president of Egypt and Nobel Peace Prize recipient
Micheline Calmy-Rey, former Swiss foreign minister and president of the Swiss Federal Council, 2007 and 2011
Philipp Hildebrand, head of the Swiss National Bank, 2010–2012, currently vice-chairman of BlackRock
Leonid Hurwicz, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences co-recipient
Jakob Kellenberger, president of the ICRC (2000–2012), and current professor at the institute
Brad Smith, president and chief legal officer at Microsoft, non-executive director at Netflix
Patricia Espinosa, Mexican secretary of foreign affairs, 2006–2012, diplomat and executive secretary of the UNFCCC, 2016–present
Saul Friedländer, Israeli historian and Pulitzer Prize winner
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 2000–present
Hans-Gert Pöttering, president of the European Parliament, 2007–2009
Jakaya Kikwete, the fourth president of Tanzania(2005–2015) and the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1995–2005) of Tanzania
Alpha Oumar Konaré, the president of Mali (1992 to 2002), and chairperson of the African Union Commission (2003 to 2008)

Founded in 1927, the Graduate Institute of International Studies (IHEI or HEI) was continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the world's first graduate institute dedicated solely to the study of international affairs.

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Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

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The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA ) is a professional school of international affairs at Carleton University that was founded in 1965.

David Davies, circa 1905

David Davies, 1st Baron Davies

Welsh Liberal politician and public benefactor who was MP for Montgomeryshire from 1906 to 1929.

Welsh Liberal politician and public benefactor who was MP for Montgomeryshire from 1906 to 1929.

David Davies, circa 1905

He endowed perhaps the world's first Chair in International Politics, established in honour of Woodrow Wilson in 1919 at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, which also hosts the David Davies Memorial Institute of International Studies.

The Roman poet Catullus was virtually unknown during the medieval period, in contrast to his modern popularity.

Alfred Eckhard Zimmern

English classical scholar, historian, and political scientist writing on international relations.

English classical scholar, historian, and political scientist writing on international relations.

The Roman poet Catullus was virtually unknown during the medieval period, in contrast to his modern popularity.

By critics, Zimmern was described as a utopian and idealist thinker on international relations.

E. H. Carr

In the 1930s, Carr saw Adolf Hitler as a leader of a "have-not" nation struggling for economic justice and considered Lebensraum a zone of economic influence for Germany in Eastern Europe
In his 1939 book The Twenty Years' Crisis, Carr attacked Norman Angell as a utopian thinker on international relations
Carr's History of Soviet Russia runs to 14 volumes and has been extended into the 1930s by historian R. W. Davies and others.

Edward Hallett Carr (28 June 1892 – 3 November 1982) was a British historian, diplomat, journalist and international relations theorist, and an opponent of empiricism within historiography.

Stephen D. Krasner

American academic and former diplomat.

American academic and former diplomat.

Krasner has been a professor of international relations at Stanford University since 1981, and served as the Director of Policy Planning from 2005 to April 2007 while on leave from Stanford.

Morgenthau in 1963

Hans Morgenthau

German-American jurist and political scientist.

German-American jurist and political scientist.

Morgenthau in 1963
Morgenthau was a consultant for the Kennedy administration from 1961 to 1963
Morgenthau's dissent against Vietnam policy caused the Johnson administration to dismiss him as an advisor and to assign McGeorge Bundy to publicly oppose him in 1965
Stolperstein for Hans Morgenthau at the Casimirianum Coburg.

He was one of the major twentieth-century figures in the study of international relations.