A report on Internet and Web server

The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel
PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static content only.
T3 NSFNET Backbone, c. 1992.
The inside and front of a Dell PowerEdge server, a computer designed to be mounted in a rack mount environment. It is often used as a web server.
ICANN headquarters in the Playa Vista neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
Multiple web servers may be used for a high traffic website.
2007 map showing submarine fiberoptic telecommunication cables around the world.
Web server farm with thousands of web servers used for super-high traffic websites.
Packet routing across the Internet involves several tiers of Internet service providers.
ADSL modem running an embedded web server serving dynamic web pages used for modem configuration.
Number of mobile cellular subscriptions 2012–2016
First web proposal (1989) evaluated as "vague but exciting..."
As user data is processed through the protocol stack, each abstraction layer adds encapsulation information at the sending host. Data is transmitted over the wire at the link level between hosts and routers. Encapsulation is removed by the receiving host. Intermediate relays update link encapsulation at each hop, and inspect the IP layer for routing purposes.
The world's first web server, a NeXT Computer workstation with Ethernet, 1990. The case label reads: "This machine is a server. DO NOT POWER IT DOWN!!"
Conceptual data flow in a simple network topology of two hosts (A and B) connected by a link between their respective routers. The application on each host executes read and write operations as if the processes were directly connected to each other by some kind of data pipe. After the establishment of this pipe, most details of the communication are hidden from each process, as the underlying principles of communication are implemented in the lower protocol layers. In analogy, at the transport layer the communication appears as host-to-host, without knowledge of the application data structures and the connecting routers, while at the internetworking layer, individual network boundaries are traversed at each router.
Sun's Cobalt Qube 3 – a computer server appliance (2002, discontinued)
A DNS resolver consults three name servers to resolve the domain name user-visible "www.wikipedia.org" to determine the IPV4 Address 207.142.131.234
PC clients connected to a web server via Internet
Creating a subnet by dividing the host identifier
PC clients communicating via network with a web server serving static and dynamic content.
This NeXT Computer was used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
Directory listing dynamically generated by a web server.
Share of population using the Internet. See or edit source data.
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 2005–2021
Internet users per 100 population members and GDP per capita for selected countries.
Chart:
Market share of all sites for most popular web servers 1995–2005
Internet users per 100 inhabitants Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Internet users in 2015 as a percentage of a country's population Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Mobile broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Banner in Bangkok during the 2014 Thai coup d'état, informing the Thai public that 'like' or 'share' activities on social media could result in imprisonment (observed 30 June 2014).
Internet users by language<ref name=NIUBL-IWS>{{cite web|url=http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|title=Number of Internet Users by Language|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120426122721/http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|archive-date=26 April 2012|website=Internet World Stats, Miniwatts Marketing Group|date=31 May 2011|access-date=22 April 2012}}</ref>
Website content languages<ref name=UofCLBWApril2013>{{cite web|title=Usage of content languages for websites|url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|work=W3Techs.com|access-date=26 April 2013|archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/66ZQzUXh6?url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|archive-date=31 March 2012|url-status=live}}</ref>

A high-traffic Internet website might handle requests with hundreds of servers that run on racks of high-speed computers.

- Web server

By Christmas 1990, Berners-Lee had built all the tools necessary for a working Web: the HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) 0.9, the HyperText Markup Language (HTML), the first Web browser (which was also a HTML editor and could access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files), the first HTTP server software (later known as CERN httpd), the first web server, and the first Web pages that described the project itself.

- Internet
The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel

3 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A computer network diagram of client computers communicating with a server computer via the Internet

Server (computing)

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Piece of computer hardware or software that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".

Piece of computer hardware or software that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".

A computer network diagram of client computers communicating with a server computer via the Internet
Wikimedia Foundation rackmount servers in racks on a data center
First WWW server located at CERN with its original sticker that says: "This machine is a server. DO NOT POWER IT DOWN!!"
A network based on the client–server model where multiple individual clients request services and resources from centralized servers
A rack-mountable server with the top cover removed to reveal internal components
Sun's Cobalt Qube 3; a computer server appliance (2002); running Cobalt Linux (a customized version of Red Hat Linux, using the 2.2 Linux kernel), complete with the Apache web server.

Typical servers are database servers, file servers, mail servers, print servers, web servers, game servers, and application servers.

In computing, "server" dates at least to RFC 5 (1969), one of the earliest documents describing ARPANET (the predecessor of Internet), and is contrasted with "user", distinguishing two types of host: "server-host" and "user-host".

A computer network diagram of clients communicating with a server via the Internet

Client–server model

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Distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.

Distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.

A computer network diagram of clients communicating with a server via the Internet

For example, a web server serves web pages and a file server serves computer files.

Development of DEL was just beginning in 1969, the year that the United States Department of Defense established ARPANET (predecessor of Internet).

Tim Berners-Lee in April 2009

HTML

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Standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.

Standard markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.

Tim Berners-Lee in April 2009
Logo of HTML5
HTML element content categories

Web browsers receive HTML documents from a web server or from local storage and render the documents into multimedia web pages.

In 1989, Berners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet-based hypertext system.