A report on Internet

The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel
T3 NSFNET Backbone, c. 1992.
ICANN headquarters in the Playa Vista neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States.
2007 map showing submarine fiberoptic telecommunication cables around the world.
Packet routing across the Internet involves several tiers of Internet service providers.
Number of mobile cellular subscriptions 2012–2016
As user data is processed through the protocol stack, each abstraction layer adds encapsulation information at the sending host. Data is transmitted over the wire at the link level between hosts and routers. Encapsulation is removed by the receiving host. Intermediate relays update link encapsulation at each hop, and inspect the IP layer for routing purposes.
Conceptual data flow in a simple network topology of two hosts (A and B) connected by a link between their respective routers. The application on each host executes read and write operations as if the processes were directly connected to each other by some kind of data pipe. After the establishment of this pipe, most details of the communication are hidden from each process, as the underlying principles of communication are implemented in the lower protocol layers. In analogy, at the transport layer the communication appears as host-to-host, without knowledge of the application data structures and the connecting routers, while at the internetworking layer, individual network boundaries are traversed at each router.
A DNS resolver consults three name servers to resolve the domain name user-visible "www.wikipedia.org" to determine the IPV4 Address 207.142.131.234
Creating a subnet by dividing the host identifier
This NeXT Computer was used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN and became the world's first Web server.
Share of population using the Internet. See or edit source data.
Internet users per 100 population members and GDP per capita for selected countries.
Internet users per 100 inhabitants Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Internet users in 2015 as a percentage of a country's population Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
'''Mobile broadband Internet subscriptions in 2012
as a percentage of a country's population''' Source: International Telecommunication Union.
Banner in Bangkok during the 2014 Thai coup d'état, informing the Thai public that 'like' or 'share' activities on social media could result in imprisonment (observed 30 June 2014).
Internet users by language<ref name=NIUBL-IWS>{{cite web|url=http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|title=Number of Internet Users by Language|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120426122721/http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm|archive-date=26 April 2012|website=Internet World Stats, Miniwatts Marketing Group|date=31 May 2011|access-date=22 April 2012}}</ref>
Website content languages<ref name=UofCLBWApril2013>{{cite web|title=Usage of content languages for websites|url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|work=W3Techs.com|access-date=26 April 2013|archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/66ZQzUXh6?url=http://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/content_language/all|archive-date=31 March 2012|url-status=live}}</ref>

Global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices.

- Internet
The Internet Messenger by Buky Schwartz, located in Holon, Israel

176 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Edholm's law

2 links

Edholm's law, proposed by and named after Phil Edholm, refers to the observation that the three categories of telecommunication, namely wireless (mobile), nomadic (wireless without mobility) and wired networks (fixed), are in lockstep and gradually converging.

Edholm's law, proposed by and named after Phil Edholm, refers to the observation that the three categories of telecommunication, namely wireless (mobile), nomadic (wireless without mobility) and wired networks (fixed), are in lockstep and gradually converging.

The trend is evident in the cases of Internet, cellular (mobile), wireless LAN and wireless personal area networks.

Paul Baran

4 links

Polish-American engineer who was a pioneer in the development of computer networks.

Polish-American engineer who was a pioneer in the development of computer networks.

The "block message" as suggested by Paul Baran in 1964, this is the very first data packet that was ever proposed.

The resiliency of a packet-switched network that uses link-state routing protocols, which are used on the Internet, stems in some part from the research to develop a network that could survive a nuclear attack.

IPv4 address exhaustion timeline

IPv4 address exhaustion

3 links

Depletion of the pool of unallocated IPv4 addresses.

Depletion of the pool of unallocated IPv4 addresses.

IPv4 address exhaustion timeline
Exhaustion of IPv4 addresses since 1995
IPv4 addresses allocation rate per RIR
Geoff Huston's projection of the evolution of the IP pool for each RIR
Regional Internet registries
A timeline for IPv4 exhaustion in IANA and the RIRs.

Because the original Internet architecture had fewer than 4.3 billion addresses available, depletion has been anticipated since the late 1980s, when the Internet started experiencing dramatic growth.

CompuServe

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American online service provider, the first major commercial one in the United States – described in 1994 as "the oldest of the Big Three information services (the others are Prodigy and America Online)."

American online service provider, the first major commercial one in the United States – described in 1994 as "the oldest of the Big Three information services (the others are Prodigy and America Online)."

The WOW! logo

CompuServe was the first online service to offer Internet connectivity, albeit with limited access, as early as 1989, when it connected its proprietary e-mail service to allow incoming and outgoing messages to be exchanged with Internet-based e-mail addresses.

Host (network)

4 links

Computer or other device connected to a computer network.

Computer or other device connected to a computer network.

Specifically, computers participating in the Internet are called Internet hosts.

The Internet architecture as seen by the INWG.

International Networking Working Group

7 links

Group of prominent computer science researchers in the 1970s who studied and developed standards and protocols for computer networking.

Group of prominent computer science researchers in the 1970s who studied and developed standards and protocols for computer networking.

The Internet architecture as seen by the INWG.

The INWG continued to work on protocol design and formal specification until the 1990s when it disbanded as the Internet grew rapidly.

Sales from the online iTunes music store, operated by Apple Inc.

Digital music store

0 links

Sales from the online iTunes music store, operated by Apple Inc.

A digital music store is a business that sells digital audio files of music recordings over the Internet.

DNS root zone

2 links

The DNS root zone is the top-level DNS zone in the hierarchical namespace of the Domain Name System (DNS) of the Internet.

Merit Network

1 links

Nonprofit member-governed organization providing high-performance computer networking and related services to educational, government, health care, and nonprofit organizations, primarily in Michigan.

Nonprofit member-governed organization providing high-performance computer networking and related services to educational, government, health care, and nonprofit organizations, primarily in Michigan.

Merit PDP-11 based Primary Communications Processor (PCP) at the University of Michigan, c. 1975
NSFNET logo
T3 NSFNET Backbone, c. 1992
MichNet Backbone Map, c. 2004
Merit Network backbone, January 2009

Merit's involvement in national networking activities started in the mid-1980s with connections to the national supercomputing centers and work on the 56 kbit/s National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET), the forerunner of today's Internet.

Internet café and library on the Golden Princess cruise ship

Internet café

2 links

Internet café and library on the Golden Princess cruise ship
Combination Internet café and sub post office in Münster, Germany
SF Net logo circa 1993, San Francisco, Calif.
Cyberia, an early Internet café in London, 1994
A solar powered Internet café in San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua.
An Internet café in Kulim, Kedah, Malaysia.
Internet Cafe, Alice Springs, Australia (pictured 2005)
A notice about anti-terrorism related ID requirements on the door of an Italian Internet café. (Florence, May 2006)
Internet café in Riau, Indonesia
An Internet café in Mombasa, Kenya, combined with other services.
An Internet café in Cebu City, Philippines.

An Internet café, also known as a cybercafé, is a café (or a convenience store or a fully dedicated Internet access business) that provides Internet access to the public.