Internet Explorer

Microsoft Internet ExplorerIEMSIEWindows Internet ExplorerWinInetExplorerFeatures of Internet ExplorerInternet Explorer 6.0Criticism of Internet ExplorerFeatures
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.wikipedia
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Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MS
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.

Netscape

Netscape Communications CorporationNetscape CommunicationsNetscape Communications Corp.
This came after Microsoft used bundling to win the first browser war against Netscape, which was the dominant browser in the 1990s.
The browser was once dominant but lost to Internet Explorer and other competitors after the so-called first browser war, its market share falling from more than 90 percent in the mid-1990s to less than 1 percent in 2006.

Internet Explorer for Mac OS X

Internet Explorer for MacInternet ExplorerInternet Explorer 5 for Mac OS
Versions of Internet Explorer for other operating systems have also been produced, including an Xbox 360 version called Internet Explorer for Xbox and for platforms Microsoft no longer supports: Internet Explorer for Mac and Internet Explorer for UNIX (Solaris and HP-UX), and an embedded OEM version called Pocket Internet Explorer, later rebranded Internet Explorer Mobile made for Windows CE, Windows Phone and previously, based on Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Phone 7.
Initial versions were developed from the same code base as Internet Explorer for Windows.

Internet Explorer 11

1111.0Internet Explorer
This effectively makes Internet Explorer 11 the last release (however IE 8, 9, and 10 also receive security updates as of 2019).
Internet Explorer 11 (IE11) is the eleventh and final version of the Internet Explorer web browser by Microsoft.

Google Chrome

ChromeChrome browserGoogle Chrome Extensions
Its usage share has since declined with the launch of Firefox (2004) and Google Chrome (2008), and with the growing popularity of operating systems such as Android and iOS that do not support Internet Explorer.
It also came shortly after the final 1.0 release of Mozilla Firefox, which was surging in popularity and taking market share from Internet Explorer, which was suffering from major security problems.

Windows 10

10Windows HelloMicrosoft Windows 10
On March 17, 2015, Microsoft announced that Microsoft Edge would replace Internet Explorer as the default browser on its Windows 10 devices (while support for older Windows has since been announced, Edge still has lower share than IE's, that is in decline).
Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Edge.

Internet Explorer 2

Internet Explorer 2.022.0
Microsoft Internet Explorer 2 (IE2) is the second major version of Internet Explorer (IE), a graphical web browser by Microsoft.

Microsoft Edge

EdgeEdge browserME
On March 17, 2015, Microsoft announced that Microsoft Edge would replace Internet Explorer as the default browser on its Windows 10 devices (while support for older Windows has since been announced, Edge still has lower share than IE's, that is in decline).
Unlike Internet Explorer, Edge does not support the legacy ActiveX and BHO technologies.

Internet Explorer 6

6Internet Explorer 6.0IE6
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.

Internet Explorer 9

IE999.0
Internet Explorer 9 or IE9 (officially Windows Internet Explorer 9) is the ninth version of the Internet Explorer web browser from Microsoft.

Web browser

browserweb browsersinternet browser
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Microsoft debuted Internet Explorer in 1995, leading to a browser war with Netscape.

Internet Explorer 10

IE1010.010
Internet Explorer 10 (IE10) is the tenth version of the Internet Explorer web browser released by Microsoft in 2012, and is the default browser in Windows 8.

Thomas Reardon

The Internet Explorer project was started in the summer of 1994 by Thomas Reardon, who, according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Review of 2003, used source code from Spyglass, Inc. Mosaic, which was an early commercial web browser with formal ties to the pioneering National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) Mosaic browser.
He is credited with creating the project to build Microsoft's discontinued web browser, Internet Explorer, the world's most used browser during its peak (2002–03).

Internet Explorer 7

7IE7version 7
Internet Explorer 7 is part of a long line of versions of Internet Explorer and was the first major update to the browser in more than 5 years.

Internet Explorer 5

Internet Explorer 5.0Internet Explorer 5.55
Support for favicons was first added in Internet Explorer 5.
It is included with Windows 98 SE and Windows Me and it is the last version of Internet Explorer compatible with Windows 3.1x, Windows NT 3.x and Windows 95.

Internet Explorer Mobile

Pocket Internet ExplorerMicrosoft Internet Explorer Mobile6.0
Versions of Internet Explorer for other operating systems have also been produced, including an Xbox 360 version called Internet Explorer for Xbox and for platforms Microsoft no longer supports: Internet Explorer for Mac and Internet Explorer for UNIX (Solaris and HP-UX), and an embedded OEM version called Pocket Internet Explorer, later rebranded Internet Explorer Mobile made for Windows CE, Windows Phone and previously, based on Internet Explorer 7 for Windows Phone 7.
It does not derive from the Internet Explorer code and was written from scratch for being as lightweight as possible.

Mosaic (web browser)

MosaicNCSA MosaicMosaic web browser
The Internet Explorer project was started in the summer of 1994 by Thomas Reardon, who, according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Review of 2003, used source code from Spyglass, Inc. Mosaic, which was an early commercial web browser with formal ties to the pioneering National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) Mosaic browser. The browser has been scrutinized throughout its development for use of third-party technology (such as the source code of Spyglass Mosaic, used without royalty in early versions) and security and privacy vulnerabilities, and the United States and the European Union have alleged that integration of Internet Explorer with Windows has been to the detriment of fair browser competition.
Microsoft licensed Mosaic to create Internet Explorer in 1995.

Microsoft Plus!

Microsoft Plus! for Windows 95Microsoft Plus! 98Plus! for Windows 95
It was first released as part of the add-on package Plus! for Windows 95 that year.
It also contained a "picture picker" along with clipart, fonts, 10 new desktop themes, and Protect It!, parental controls for Internet Explorer.

JPEG

JPG.jpgJPG/JPEG
It is a major update to its developer tools, enhanced scaling for high DPI screens, HTML5 prerender and prefetch, hardware-accelerated JPEG decoding, closed captioning, HTML5 full screen, and is the first Internet Explorer to support WebGL and Google's protocol SPDY (starting at v3).
The MIME media type for JPEG is image/jpeg, except in older Internet Explorer versions, which provides a MIME type of image/pjpeg when uploading JPEG images.

Internet Explorer Developer Tools

developer toolsInternet Explorer Developer ToolbarF12 Developer Tools
It is a major update to its developer tools, enhanced scaling for high DPI screens, HTML5 prerender and prefetch, hardware-accelerated JPEG decoding, closed captioning, HTML5 full screen, and is the first Internet Explorer to support WebGL and Google's protocol SPDY (starting at v3).
Internet Explorer Developer Tools, also known as the F12 Developer Tools in Windows 10, and formerly known as Internet Explorer Developer Toolbar, is a web development tool built into Microsoft Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge that aids in design and debugging of web pages.

Browser wars

browser warfirst browser warbrowser
This came after Microsoft used bundling to win the first browser war against Netscape, which was the dominant browser in the 1990s.
The "First Browser War" during the late 1990s pitted Microsoft's Internet Explorer against Netscape's Navigator.

Usage share of web browsers

usage sharebrowser market sharemarket share
Internet Explorer was once the most widely used web browser, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share by 2003.

National Center for Supercomputing Applications

NCSANational Center for Supercomputer Applications
The Internet Explorer project was started in the summer of 1994 by Thomas Reardon, who, according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Review of 2003, used source code from Spyglass, Inc. Mosaic, which was an early commercial web browser with formal ties to the pioneering National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) Mosaic browser.
Mosaic was later licensed to Spyglass, Inc. which provided the foundation for Internet Explorer.

JScript

Managed JScript
It also provides its own dialect of ECMAScript called JScript.
JScript is Microsoft's dialect of the ECMAScript standard that is used in Microsoft's Internet Explorer.

Scalable Vector Graphics

SVGSVG Tiny.SVG
Internet Explorer was criticised by Tim Berners-Lee for its limited support for SVG, which is promoted by W3C.
All major modern web browsers—including Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Opera, Safari, and Microsoft Edge—have SVG rendering support.