Internet accesswikipedia

Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
broadband internetbroadbandbroadband Internet accesshigh-speed Internetinternet connectionhigh speed internetconnectivitybroadband accessinternetinternet connectivity
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Email

e-mailelectronic maile-mails
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
Email operates across computer networks, which today is primarily the Internet.

Dial-up Internet access

dial-updialupdial-up access
In 1995, only .04 percent of the world's population had access, with well over half of those living in the United States, and consumer use was through dial-up.
Dial-up Internet access is a form of Internet access that uses the facilities of the public switched telephone network (PSTN) to establish a connection to an Internet service provider (ISP) by dialing a telephone number on a conventional telephone line.

Internet service provider

ISPinternet service providersISPs
Various technologies, at a wide range of speeds have been used by Internet service providers (ISPs) to provide this service.
Internet services typically provided by ISPs include Internet access, Internet transit, domain name registration, web hosting, Usenet service, and colocation.

Mobile broadband

mobile datadatamobile
Starting in roughly 2006, mobile broadband access is increasingly available at the consumer level using "3G" and "4G" technologies such as HSPA, EV-DO, HSPA+, and LTE. Additionally, Mobile broadband access allows smart phones and other digital devices to connect to the Internet from any location from which a mobile phone call can be made, subject to the capabilities of that mobile network.
Mobile broadband is the marketing term for wireless Internet access through a portable modem, USB wireless modem, or a tablet/smartphone or other mobile device.

Broadband

Broadband Serviceshigh-speed Internetbroad-band
By the first decade of the 21st century, many consumers in developed nations used faster broadband technology, and by 2014, 41 percent of the world's population had access, broadband was almost ubiquitous worldwide, and global average connection speeds exceeded 1 Mbit/s.
In the context of Internet access, broadband is used to mean any high-speed Internet access that is always on and faster than dial-up access over traditional analog or ISDN PSTN services.

Hotspot (Wi-Fi)

hotspotWi-Fi hotspothotspots
Coffee shops, shopping malls, and other venues increasingly offer wireless access to computer networks, referred to as hotspots, for users who bring their own wireless-enabled devices such as a laptop or PDA.
A hotspot is a physical location where people may obtain Internet access, typically using Wi-Fi technology, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) using a router connected to an internet service provider.

Evolution-Data Optimized

EV-DO1xEV-DOEVDO
Starting in roughly 2006, mobile broadband access is increasingly available at the consumer level using "3G" and "4G" technologies such as HSPA, EV-DO, HSPA+, and LTE.
Evolution-Data Optimized (EV-DO, EVDO, etc.) is a telecommunications standard for the wireless transmission of data through radio signals, typically for broadband Internet access.

Net neutrality

network neutralityinternet neutralityopen internet
However, overuse can lead to concerns about fairness and network neutrality or even charges of censorship, when some types of traffic are severely or completely blocked.
offers smartphone contracts with monthly data limits, and sells additional monthly packages for particular data services. Critics of the EU's net neutrality rules say they are broken with loopholes that allow data for different services to be sold under zero rating exceptions to data limits. Consumer advocates of net neutrality have cited this pricing model as an illustration of Internet access with weak net neutrality protection.

Mobile phone

cell phonemobile phonesmobile
Additionally, Mobile broadband access allows smart phones and other digital devices to connect to the Internet from any location from which a mobile phone call can be made, subject to the capabilities of that mobile network.
In addition to telephony, 2000s-era mobile phones support a variety of other services, such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet access, short-range wireless communications (infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, video games, and digital photography.

Motorola Canopy

Canopy
Newer technologies being deployed for fixed (stationary) and mobile broadband access include WiMAX, LTE, and fixed wireless, e.g., Motorola Canopy.
Motorola Canopy is a fixed wireless networking system designed for wireless Internet service providers to provide Internet access.

Internet in Egypt

EgyptEgypt blocks child pornography websitescensorship of the Internet in Egypt
Internet blackouts affecting almost entire countries can be achieved by governments as a form of Internet censorship, as in the blockage of the Internet in Egypt, whereby approximately 93% of networks were without access in 2011 in an attempt to stop mobilization for anti-government protests.
Broadband Internet access via ADSL is widespread.

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
Telephony, radio, television, and videoconferencing
Only in the late 20th century with the advent of powerful video codecs combined with high-speed Internet broadband and ISDN service did videotelephony become a practical technology for regular use.

Cable modem

cablecable modemscable internet
Its use peaked in the late 1990s before the availability of DSL and cable modem technologies.
Cable modems are primarily used to deliver broadband Internet access in the form of cable Internet, taking advantage of the high bandwidth of a HFC and RFoG network.

Cable television

cablecable TVcable channel
When the Internet is accessed using a modem, digital data is converted to analog for transmission over analog networks such as the telephone and cable networks.
FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, and similar non-television services may also be provided through these cables.

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISDN ISDNISDN30
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a switched telephone service capable of transporting voice and digital data, as well as one of the oldest Internet access methods.
In some countries, ISDN found major market application for Internet access, in which ISDN typically provides a maximum of 128 kbit/s bandwidth in both upstream and downstream directions.

Internet

onlinethe Internetweb
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
Common methods of Internet access by users include dial-up with a computer modem via telephone circuits, broadband over coaxial cable, fiber optics or copper wires, Wi-Fi, satellite, and cellular telephone technology (e.g. 3G, 4G).

Satellite Internet access

satellite internetsatellitesatellite broadband
Satellite Internet access provides fixed, portable, and mobile Internet access.
Satellite Internet access is Internet access provided through communications satellites.

Fiber to the premises by country

FTTH
Similar efforts are underway in Italy, Canada, India, and many other countries (see Fiber to the premises by country).
As of April 2006, Hong Kong Broadband Network (HKBN, ), wholly owned subsidiary of City Telecom (H.K.) Limited, was offering its customers Internet access via fiber to the building and FTTH.

Power-line communication

power line communicationpower linespowerline
Power-line Internet, also known as Broadband over power lines (BPL), carries Internet data on a conductor that is also used for electric power transmission.
A wide range of power-line communication technologies are needed for different applications, ranging from home automation to Internet access which is often called broadband over power lines (BPL).

Cable Internet access

cable Internetcableinternet
The broadband technologies in widest use are ADSL and cable Internet access.
In telecommunications, cable Internet access, shortened to cable Internet, is a form of broadband Internet access which uses the same infrastructure as a cable television.

Wireless broadband

broadband wirelesswireless broadband accesswireless
Wireless broadband is used to provide both fixed and mobile Internet access with the following technologies.
Wireless broadband is telecommunications technology that provides high-speed wireless Internet access or computer networking access over a wide area.

IEEE 1901

P1901IEEE 1901-2010
The IEEE P1901 standard specifies that all power-line protocols must detect existing usage and avoid interfering with it.
This standard is usable by all classes of BPL devices, including BPL devices used for the connection (

National Broadband Network

NBNNational Broadband Network (NBN)Broadband policy and programs
Australia began rolling out its National Broadband Network across the country using fiber-optic cables to 93 percent of Australian homes, schools, and businesses.
Retail service providers (RSPs), typically Internet service providers, contract with NBN to access the network and sell fixed internet access to end users.

Wi-Fi

wifiwireless internetwireless
A Wi-Fi hotspot need not be limited to a confined location since multiple ones combined can cover a whole campus or park, or even an entire city can be enabled.
Wi-Fi technology may be used to provide Internet access to devices that are within the range of a wireless network that is connected to the Internet.

Wireless access point

access pointaccess pointsWAP
Wi-Fi networks are built using one or more wireless antenna called access points.
Internet access via ad hoc networks, using features like Windows' Internet Connection Sharing, may work well with a small number of devices that are close to each other, but ad hoc networks don't scale well.