Internment

concentration campconcentration campsinternedinternment campinternment campsprison campdetention campconcentrationinterncamp
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Prison

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Interned persons may be held in prisons or in facilities known as internment camps, also known as concentration camps.
In times of war, prisoners of war or detainees may be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, and large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps.

Neutral country

neutralityneutralarmed neutrality
Internment also refers to a neutral country's practice of detaining belligerent armed forces and equipment on its territory during times of war under the Hague Convention of 1907.
A neutral power must intern belligerent troops who reach its territory, but not escaped prisoners of war.

British concentration camps

concentration campconcentration campsBritish set up camps
The term concentration camp saw wider use as the British set up camps during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) in South Africa for interning Boers and in Kenya during the Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1960) for holding and torturing Kenyans.
The term concentration camp grew in prominence during that period.

Nazi concentration camps

Nazi concentration campconcentration campconcentration camps
During the 20th century, the arbitrary internment of civilians by the state reached its most extreme forms in the Soviet Gulag system of concentration camps (1918-1991) and the Nazi concentration camps (1933–45).
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.

Extermination through labour

extermination through laborworked to deathextermination through work
The total number of casualties in these camps is difficult to determine, but the deliberate policy of extermination through labor in many of the camps was designed to ensure that the inmates would die of starvation, untreated disease and summary executions within set periods of time.
Extermination through labour (or "extermination through work", Vernichtung durch Arbeit) was the practice inconcentration camps in Nazi Germany of killing prisoners by means of forced labour.

Cuba

Republic of CubaCubanCUB
Although the first example of civilian internment may date as far back as the 1830s, the English term concentration camp was first used in order to refer to the reconcentrados (reconcentration camps) which were set up by the Spanish military in Cuba during the Ten Years' War (1868–78).
These are often considered the prototype for 20th-century concentration camps.

Philippine–American War

Philippine-American WarPhilippine InsurrectionFilipino-American War
and similar camps were set up by the United States during the Philippine–American War (1899–1902).
Tactics became focused on the control of key areas with internment and segregation of the civilian population in "zones of protection" from the guerrilla population.

Internment of Japanese Americans

Japanese American internmentinternedinternment camps
The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of about 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific Coast.

Internment of Japanese Canadians

Japanese Canadian internmentinternmentJapanese-Canadian internment
Beginning after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and lasting until 1949, Japanese Canadians were stripped of their homes and businesses and sent to internment camps and farms in the B.C. interior and across Canada.

Operation Demetrius

internmentinternedinternment without trial
It involved the mass arrest and internment (imprisonment without trial) of 342 people suspected of being involved with the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which was waging a campaign for a united Ireland against the British state.

Omarska camp

OmarskaOmarska Concentration CampZeljko Mejakic
The Omarska camp was a concentration camp run by Bosnian Serb forces in the mining town of Omarska, near Prijedor in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina, set up for Bosniak and Croat men and women during the Prijedor massacre.

Cyprus internment camps

internment campsdetention camp in CyprusBritish detention camps
Cyprus internment camps were camps run by the British government for internment of Jews who had immigrated or attempted to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine in violation of British policy.

Second Boer War

Boer WarSouth African WarAnglo-Boer War
The term concentration camp saw wider use as the British set up camps during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) in South Africa for interning Boers and in Kenya during the Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1960) for holding and torturing Kenyans.
The term "concentration camp" was used to describe camps operated by the British in South Africa during this conflict in the years 1900–1902, and the term grew in prominence during this period.

Mau Mau Uprising

Mau MauMau Mau rebellionMau-Mau
The term concentration camp saw wider use as the British set up camps during the Second Boer War (1899–1902) in South Africa for interning Boers and in Kenya during the Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1960) for holding and torturing Kenyans.
Between 320,000-450,000 of them were moved into concentration camps.

Civilian internee

interneeinterneescivilian prisoner
Internees are usually forced to reside in internment camps.

Political prisoner

political prisonerspolitical prisonpolitical imprisonment
The term is used by persons or groups challenging the legitimacy of the detention of a prisoner.

Guantanamo Bay detention camp

Guantanamo BayGuantanamo Bay detainment campGuantanamo
The former Guantanamo detainee Mehdi Ghezali was freed without charge on 9 July 2004, after two and a half years internment.

Prisoner-of-war camp

POW campprisoner of war campPOW camps
There are significant differences among POW camps, internment camps, and military prisons.

Ovčara camp

OvčaraOvčara farm
The Serbian forces turned Ovčara into a prison camp in early October 1991.

Xinjiang re-education camps

treatment of Uyghursre-education campshuman rights abuses
Some international media reports have claimed that as many as 3 million Uyghurs and members of other Muslim minority groups are being held in China's re-education camps which are located in the Xinjiang region.
Vox Media, The Daily Telegraph and Dolkun Isa have referred to these camps as concentration camps.

Trump administration migrant detentions

his administration's migrant detentionsits migrant detentions
Historian Waitman Wade Beorn declared in The Washington Post in June 2018 that the detention centers for migrant children were concentration camps.

Immigration detention in the United States

immigration detentionimmigrant detention centerscivil detainers
Academics have labelled the migrant detention centers as concentration camps.

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