Interplate earthquake

interplateinterplate earthquakes
An interplate earthquake is an earthquake that occurs at the boundary between two tectonic plates.wikipedia
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Earthquake

earthquakesseismic activityseismic
An interplate earthquake is an earthquake that occurs at the boundary between two tectonic plates.
There are three main types of fault, all of which may cause an interplate earthquake: normal, reverse (thrust), and strike-slip.

Megathrust earthquake

megathrustmegathrust typemegathrust earthquakes
Interplate earthquakes associated at a subduction boundary are called megathrust earthquakes, which are the most powerful earthquakes.
These interplate earthquakes are the planet's most powerful, with moment magnitudes (M w ) that can exceed 9.0.

Intraplate earthquake

intraplateintraplate earthquakesintraplate event
Intraplate earthquakes are often confused with interplate earthquakes, but are fundamentally different in origin, occurring within a single plate rather than between two tectonic plates on a plate boundary. However, the majority of interplate earthquakes are not intense enough to create tidal waves, with most tsunamis being caused by intraplate earthquakes or tsunami earthquakes due to their comparatively slow stress release regimes and proximity to the surface of the Earth.
The term intraplate earthquake refers to a variety of earthquake that occurs within the interior of a tectonic plate; this stands in contrast to an interplate earthquake, which occurs at the boundary of a tectonic plate.

List of tectonic plates

tectonic plateMinorplate
An interplate earthquake is an earthquake that occurs at the boundary between two tectonic plates.

Seismic wave

seismic wavesseismic velocitybody wave
Earthquakes of this type account for more than 90 percent of the total seismic energy released around the world.

Transform fault

transform boundarytransformtransform faults
Relative plate motion can be lateral as along a transform fault boundary, vertical if along a convergent boundary (i.e. subduction or thrust/reverse faulting) or a divergent boundary (i.e. rift zone or normal faulting), and oblique, with horizontal and lateral components at the boundary.

Subduction

subduction zonesubductedsubducting
Relative plate motion can be lateral as along a transform fault boundary, vertical if along a convergent boundary (i.e. subduction or thrust/reverse faulting) or a divergent boundary (i.e. rift zone or normal faulting), and oblique, with horizontal and lateral components at the boundary.

Divergent boundary

divergentdivergent boundariesdivergent plate boundaries

Convergent boundary

convergent plate boundaryconvergenceconvergent boundaries

Modified Mercalli intensity scale

Mercalli intensityMercalli intensity scaleMMI
Using the Modified Mercalli Intensity scale, earthquakes are categorized descriptively on a scale from I (not felt) to XII (total destruction) based on observed effects of the seismic event.

Tsunami

tsunamistidal waveseaquake
Earthquakes are a major factor in the creation of tsunami waves.

Tsunami earthquake

category of earthquakesTsunamitsunami events
However, the majority of interplate earthquakes are not intense enough to create tidal waves, with most tsunamis being caused by intraplate earthquakes or tsunami earthquakes due to their comparatively slow stress release regimes and proximity to the surface of the Earth.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Alaska

CityAKAlaskan
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Greece

GreekHellenic RepublicGreeks
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

Japan

JPNJapaneseJP
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.

China

People's Republic of ChinaChineseCHN
Some areas of the world that are particularly prone to interplate earthquakes due to the presence of prominent plate boundaries include the west coast of North America (especially California and Alaska), the northeastern Mediterranean region (Greece, Italy, and Turkey in particular), Iran, New Zealand, Indonesia, India, Japan, and parts of China.