Intersex human rights

human rightsIntersex rights by countryintersexintersex rightscontroversialhuman rights implicationshuman rights issueshuman rights of intersex peopleintersex rights activistrights
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as chromosomes, gonads, or genitals, that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies."wikipedia
203 Related Articles

Intersex

ambiguous genitaliaintersexualityintersex condition
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as chromosomes, gonads, or genitals, that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies."
Increasingly these issues are considered human rights abuses, with statements from international and national human rights and ethics institutions.

Intersex civil society organizations

intersex civil society organizationorganisationsintersex organizations
Intersex organizations have also issued joint statements over several years, including the Malta declaration by the third International Intersex Forum.
They include peer support groups and advocacy organizations active on health and medical issues, human rights, legal recognition, and peer and family support.

Intersex Human Rights Australia

Organisation Intersex International AustraliaOII Australia
In June 2016, Organisation Intersex International Australia claimed contradictory statements by Australian governments, suggesting that the dignity and rights of LGBTI (LGBT and intersex) people are recognized while this is contradicted by practices which are opposed being performed on intersex children continue.
Intersex Human Rights Australia (IHRA) is a voluntary organisation for intersex people that promotes the human rights and bodily autonomy of intersex people in Australia, and provides education and information services.

Human Rights between the Sexes

worldwide
Human Rights between the Sexes, by Dan Christian Ghattas, found that intersex people are discriminated against worldwide:
Human Rights between the Sexes is an analysis of the human rights of intersex people in 12 countries.

Zwischengeschlecht

In August 2016, Zwischengeschlecht described actions to promote equality or civil status legislation without action on banning "intersex genital mutilations" as a form of "pinkwashing".
Zwischengeschlecht (literally "between sexes") is a human rights advocacy group campaigning on intersex bodily autonomy issues.

Intersex Awareness Day

For Intersex Awareness Day, October 26, UN experts including the Committee against Torture, the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, along with the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and United Nations Special Rapporteurs called for an urgent end to human rights violations against intersex persons, including in medical settings.
Intersex Awareness Day is an internationally observed awareness day designed to highlight human rights issues faced by intersex people.

Malta declaration (International Intersex Forum)

Malta declaration
Intersex organizations have also issued joint statements over several years, including the Malta declaration by the third International Intersex Forum.
The declaration has been cited by numerous human rights institutions around the world, including intersex human rights papers published by the Council of Europe's Commissioner for Human Rights, and the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions, and by organizations allying themselves with the intersex human rights movement.

Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminate
Intersex people face stigmatisation and discrimination from birth, particularly when an intersex variation is visible.

Intersex rights in Germany

GermanyGermanpraised Germany
Increasingly these issues are recognized as human rights abuses, with statements from UN agencies, the Australian parliament, and German and Swiss ethics institutions.

Intersex rights in Australia

AustralianAustraliaintersex
Increasingly these issues are recognized as human rights abuses, with statements from UN agencies, the Australian parliament, and German and Swiss ethics institutions.

Intersex rights in Uganda

UgandaUgandan
Abandonments and infanticides have been reported in Uganda, Kenya, south Asia, and China.

Christiane Völling

In 2011, Christiane Völling won the first successful case brought against a surgeon for non-consensual surgical intervention.

Intersex rights in Kenya

KenyaKenyan
Abandonments and infanticides have been reported in Uganda, Kenya, south Asia, and China.

Sex assignment

assigned male at birthassigned female at birthassigned sex
Reinforcing sex assignments through surgical or hormonal interventions may violate the individual's human rights.

Intersex rights in Malta

MaltaMaltesetransgender and intersex
In April 2015, Malta became the first country to outlaw nonconsensual medical interventions to modify sex anatomy, including that of intersex people.

International Intersex Forum

intersex community organizations
Intersex organizations have also issued joint statements over several years, including the Malta declaration by the third International Intersex Forum.

Intersex rights in China

China
Abandonments and infanticides have been reported in Uganda, Kenya, south Asia, and China.

Intersex rights in Chile

Chile
In January 2016, the Ministry of Health of Chile ordered the suspension of unnecessary normalization treatments for intersex children, including irreversible surgery, until they reach an age when they can make decisions on their own.

Intersex medical interventions

medical interventionsintersex surgeryharmful practices
Interventions on intersex infants and children are increasingly recognized as human rights issues.

Morgan Carpenter

Morgan Carpenter highlights the appearance of several intersex variations in a list by the UK Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority of "serious" "genetic conditions" that may be de-selected, including 5 alpha reductase deficiency and androgen insensitivity syndrome, traits evident in elite women athletes and "the world's first openly intersex mayor".
Carpenter took part in the "first United Nations Human Rights Council side event on intersex issues" in March 2014, alongside Mauro Cabral and representatives of Intersex UK and Zwischengeschlecht, In 2015, Carpenter joined an international advisory board for a first philanthropic Intersex Human Rights Fund established by the Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice.

Sex verification in sports

Gender verification in sportsGender testgender verification
In 2013, it was disclosed in a medical journal that four unnamed elite female athletes from developing countries were subjected to gonadectomies (sterilization) and partial clitoridectomies (female genital mutilation) after testosterone testing revealed that they had an intersex condition.

InterACT

Interact Advocates for Intersex YouthThe Interface ProjectAdvocates for Informed Choice
In the United States the M.C. v. Aaronson case, advanced by interACT with the Southern Poverty Law Center was brought before the courts in 2013.

Intersex rights in the United States

United StatesM.C. v AaronsonM.C. v. Aaronson
In the United States the M.C. v. Aaronson case, advanced by interACT with the Southern Poverty Law Center was brought before the courts in 2013.

Disorders of sex development

Disorders of sexual developmentdisorderdifference in sex development
Some intersex organizations claim that secrecy-based models have been perpetuated by a shift in clinical language to Disorders of sex development.