Intertitle

intertitlestitle cardtitle cardsTitle frametitle screeninter-titletitletitlescaptionending card
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.wikipedia
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Silent film

silentsilent erasilent films
They were a mainstay of silent films once the films became of sufficient length and detail to necessitate dialogue and/or narration to make sense of the enacted or documented events.
In silent films for entertainment, the plot may be conveyed by the use of title cards, written indications of the plot and key dialogue lines.

Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost

Film scholar Kamilla Elliott identifies another early use of intertitles in the 1901 British film Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost.
As was common in cinema's early days, the filmmakers chose to adapt an already well-known story, in this case A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, in the belief that the audience's familiarity with the story would result in the need for fewer intertitles.

Joseph W. Farnham

Joe Farnham
The first Academy Awards presentation in 1929 included an award for "Best Title Writing" that went to Joseph W. Farnham for no specific film.
This was the only year that an Oscar for title cards would be awarded.

Frasier

KACLFraiserCafé Nervosa
For instance, intertitles were used as a gimmick in Frasier.
The title card at the start of each episode shows a white line being drawn in the shape of the Seattle skyline on a black background above the show's title.

Famicom Titler

Among these were included the ColecoVision, the Magnavox Odyssey² (using programs such as the Type & Talk cartridge and the Voice module), the Bally Astrocade (using the built-in Scribbling program or the more advanced Creative Crayon cartridge), and the intertitle-specialized Famicom Titler.
With the flip of a switch, the Famicom Titler could be used to produce intertitles or subtitles for video footage.

Title sequence

opening sequenceopening themeTitle
Title sequence
In silent cinema, title cards or intertitles were used throughout to convey dialogue and plot, and it is in some of these early short films that we see the first examples of title sequences themselves, being quite literally a series of title cards shown at the beginning of a film.

Subtitle (captioning)

subtitlessubtitlesubtitled
Subtitle (captioning)
Intertitle

Film

motion picturemoviecinema
In films, an intertitle (also known as a title card) is a piece of filmed, printed text edited into the midst of (i.e. inter-) the photographed action at various points.

Art Deco

art-decoModerneArt Deco style
In this era intertitles were always called "subtitles" and often had Art Deco motifs.

Robert W. Paul

Robert PaulR. W. PaulR.W. Paul
The British Film Catalogue credits the 1898 film Our New General Servant by Robert W. Paul as the first British film to use intertitles.

1st Academy Awards

1st(1st)first Academy Awards
The first Academy Awards presentation in 1929 included an award for "Best Title Writing" that went to Joseph W. Farnham for no specific film.

Sound film

talkietalkiessound
The award was never given again, as intertitles went out of common use due to the introduction of "talkies".

Epigraph (literature)

epigraphepigraphsepigraphic
In modern use, intertitles are used to supply an epigraph, such as a poem, or to distinguish various "acts" of a film or multimedia production by use as a title card.

Act (drama)

actactsfirst act
In modern use, intertitles are used to supply an epigraph, such as a poem, or to distinguish various "acts" of a film or multimedia production by use as a title card.

Soundtrack

Feature film soundtrackOSToriginal soundtrack
The development of the soundtrack slowly eliminated their utility as a narrative device (they were common for providing narration, but not dialogue, well into the 1930s), but they are occasionally still used as an artistic device.

Narration

narratorpoint of viewthird person
The development of the soundtrack slowly eliminated their utility as a narrative device (they were common for providing narration, but not dialogue, well into the 1930s), but they are occasionally still used as an artistic device.

Gimmick

gimmicksadvertising gimmicksconcept
For instance, intertitles were used as a gimmick in Frasier.

Threads

1Threads'' (1984)
The BBC's drama Threads uses them to give location, date and information on distant events beyond Sheffield.

Sheffield

City of SheffieldSheffield, EnglandSheffield, South Yorkshire
The BBC's drama Threads uses them to give location, date and information on distant events beyond Sheffield.

Law & Order

Law and Order& OrderCriminal Intent
Law & Order and its related spinoffs used them to give not only the location, but also the date of the upcoming scene.

Guy Maddin

Guy Maddin’s
Guy Maddin is a modern filmmaker known for recreating the style of older films, and uses intertitles appropriately.

Quiz bowl

quizbowlScholastic BowlAcademic Team
Some locally produced shows, such as quiz bowl game shows, use animated variations of intertitles to introduce the next round.

Amateur film

amateuramateur videohome movie
Intertitles have had a long history in the area of amateur film as well.

Home movies

home moviehome videoshome video
The efforts of home movie aficionados to intertitle their works post-production have led to the development of a number of innovative approaches to the challenge.