Interventional cardiology

interventional cardiologistinterventional cardiologistsCoronary Interventioninterventional cardiac catheterizationinterventional cardiology;transcatheter structural heart interventions
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.wikipedia
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Cardiology

cardiologistcardiologistscardiovascular medicine
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.
Recognized sub-specialties in the United States by the ACGME are cardiac electrophysiology, echocardiography, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology.

Percutaneous coronary intervention

coronary angioplastyPCIpercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
After this, an interventional cardiologist can perform a coronary angioplasty, using a balloon catheter in which a deflated balloon is advanced into the obstructed artery and inflated to relieve the narrowing; certain devices such as stents can be deployed to keep the blood vessel open.

Coronary stent

coronary artery stentheart stentstent
The interventional cardiologist uses angiography to assess the location and estimate the size of the blockage ("lesion") by injecting a contrast medium through the guide catheter and viewing the flow of blood through the downstream coronary arteries.

Coronary catheterization

coronary angiographycoronary angiogramcardiac catheterization
Many procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization.

Catheter

catheterscatheterizationindwelling catheter
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.

Cardiovascular disease

heart diseasecardiac diseasecardiovascular
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.

Andreas Gruentzig

Andreas GrüntzigAndreas Roland Grüntzig
Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter.

Angioplasty

balloon angioplastyangioplastiespercutaneous transluminal angioplasty
Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter. Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction.

Interventional radiology

interventional radiologistinterventional radiologistsendovascular
Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter.

Charles Theodore Dotter

Charles DotterDotter
Andreas Gruentzig is considered the father of interventional cardiology after the development of angioplasty by interventional radiologist Charles Dotter.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
Many procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization.

Femoral artery

femoralfemoral arteriessuperficial femoral artery
This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy).

Cannula

cannulationcannulaecannulated
This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy).

X-ray

X-raysX raysoft X-ray
This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy).

Fluoroscopy

fluoroscopefluoroscopicJames F. McNulty (U.S. radio engineer)
This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy).

Radial artery

radialradial arteriesradial pulse
The radial artery may also be used for cannulation; this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically significant sequelae in patients with a normal Allen test.

Sequela

sequelaepost-viral syndromeproblems
The radial artery may also be used for cannulation; this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically significant sequelae in patients with a normal Allen test.

Allen's test

Allen test
The radial artery may also be used for cannulation; this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically significant sequelae in patients with a normal Allen test.

Cardiothoracic surgery

cardiothoracic surgeonthoracic surgerycardiac surgeon
Open heart surgery of the heart is performed by a cardiothoracic surgeon.

Coronary artery disease

coronary heart diseaseischemic heart diseaseischaemic heart disease

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction.

Unstable angina

pre-infarct anginaunstableunstable angina pectoris

Antianginal

anti-angina medicationantianginal agentanti