Intramuros

Intramuros, ManilaManilawalled citywalled city of ManilaBagumbayanSpanish city of Manilawallswalls of Manila
Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 km2 historic walled area within the modern city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.wikipedia
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Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 km2 historic walled area within the modern city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. Having heard from the natives about the rich resources in Manila, Legazpi dispatched two of his lieutenant-commanders, Martín de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo, to explore the island of Luzon.
The Spanish city of Manila was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi.

Intramuros Administration

7th Administratorfourth Administrator of Intramuros
It is administered by the Intramuros Administration (IA) with the help of the Local Government of Manila.
The Intramuros Administration (IA) is an agency of the Department of Tourism of the Philippines that is mandated to orderly restore, administer, and develop the historic walled area of Intramuros that is situated within the modern City of Manila as well as well as to insure that the 16th- to 19th-century Philippine-Spanish architecture remains the general architectural style of the walled area.

Fort Santiago

fortPresidio de Santiago
Guarding the old city is Fort Santiago, its citadel located at the mouth of the river.
The defense fortress is part of the structures of the walled city of Manila referred to as Intramuros.

Baroque Churches of the Philippines

Baroque churchBaroque (heritage) ChurchChurches of Ilocandia
San Agustin Church, a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, is located within Intramuros.
A site within the district of Intramuros was assigned to the Augustinian Order, the first to evangelize in the Philippines.

Maynila (historical polity)

Kingdom of MaynilaMaynilaRajahnate of Maynila
The site of Intramuros then became a part of the Islamic Kingdom of Maynila a Bruneian puppet-state ruled by Rajah Sulayman, a Muslim Rajah who swore fealty to the Sultan of Brunei.
In early Philippine history, the Tagalog Bayan ("country" or "polity") of Maynila (Baybayin: ; Balen ning Menila) was a major trade hub located on the southern part of the Pasig River delta, where the modern day district of Intramuros currently stands.

History of the Philippines (1521–1898)

Spanish colonial periodSpanish colonial eraSpanish Era
It was the seat of government and political power when the Philippines was a component realm of the Spanish Empire.
With the seat of power in Intramuros, Manila, the Governor-General was given several duties: head of the supreme court, the Royal Audiencia of Manila; Commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and the economic planner of the country.

List of National Cultural Treasures in the Philippines

National Cultural TreasureNational Cultural TreasuresNational Cultural Treasures of the Philippines
The fortifications of Intramuros, collectively called "Fortifications of Manila", were declared as National Cultural Treasures, by the National Museum of the Philippines, owing to its architectural, scientific and archaeological significance.

Battle of Manila (1945)

Battle of ManilaLiberation of ManilaManila
The Battle of Manila in 1945 devastated Intramuros.
They built defensive positions in the city, including Intramuros, cut down the palm trees on Dewey Blvd. to form a runway, and set up barricades across major streets.

Luzon

Luzon IslandNorthern LuzonLuzon, Philippines
Before the first arrival of Europeans on Luzon island, the island was part of the Hindu Majapahit empire around the 14th century, according to the epic eulogy poem Nagarakretagama which described its conquest by Mahārāja Hayam Wuruk.
The walled city of Intramuros was initially founded by 1200 Spanish families.

Manila Cathedral

Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate ConceptionRoman Catholic Cathedral of ManilaBasilica of the Immaculate Conception
The main square of the city of Manila was Plaza Mayor (later known as Plaza McKinley then Plaza de Roma) in front of the Manila Cathedral.
The Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Basílica Menor y Catedral Metropolitana de la Inmaculada Concepción), also known as Manila Cathedral (Catedral de Manila), is the cathedral of Manila and basilica located in Intramuros, the historic walled city within today's modern city of Manila, Philippines.

Palacio del Gobernador

Former Palace of the Governors GeneralGovernor's PalaceGovernor-General's Palace
East of the plaza was the Ayuntamiento (City Hall) and facing it was the Palacio del Gobernador, the official residence of the Spanish viceroyalties to the Philippines.
The Palacio del Gobernador ("Palace of the Governor") is a government building located in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines.

Ayuntamiento de Manila

AyuntamientoAyuntamiento in Intramuros
East of the plaza was the Ayuntamiento (City Hall) and facing it was the Palacio del Gobernador, the official residence of the Spanish viceroyalties to the Philippines.
The Ayuntamiento de Manila is a building located at the corner of Andrés Soriano Avenue (formerly Calle Aduana) and Cabildo Street, fronting Plaza de Roma in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines.

Malacañang Palace

Malacañan PalaceMalacañangMalacanang Palace
The residence of the Governor-General was moved to Malacañang Palace located about 3 km up on the Pasig River.
After the June 3, 1863 earthquake destroyed the Palacio del Gobernador (Governor's Palace) in the walled city of Manila, it became the Governor-General's official residence.

Colegio de San Juan de Letran

LetranLetran CollegeColegio de San Juan de Letrán
The Dominicans established the Universidad de Santo Tomás in 1611 and the Colegio de San Juan de Letrán in 1620.
Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL), is a private Roman Catholic Dominican institution of higher learning located in Intramuros, Manila, in the Philippines.

Pasig River

River PasigPasig
The Walled City was originally located along the shores of the Manila Bay, south of the entrance to Pasig River. The Americans made drastic changes to the city, such as in 1903, when the walls from the Santo Domingo Gate up to the Almacenes Gate were removed as the wharf on the southern bank of the Pasig River was improved.
The foremost landmark on the banks of the river is the walled district of Intramuros, located near the mouth of the river on its southern bank.

Gates of Intramuros

Parian GatesPuertaPuerta del Parian
The Americans made drastic changes to the city, such as in 1903, when the walls from the Santo Domingo Gate up to the Almacenes Gate were removed as the wharf on the southern bank of the Pasig River was improved.
The Gates of Intramuros refer to the original gates of the Walled City of Intramuros in Manila, built during the Spanish Colonial Era in the Philippines.

Rizal Park

Luneta ParkLunetaBagumbayan
Reclamations for the construction of the Port of Manila, the Manila Hotel, and Rizal Park obscured the old walls and skyline of the city from the Manila Bay.
Rizal Park is located along Roxas Boulevard, Manila, adjacent to the old walled city of Intramuros, it is one of the largest urban parks in Asia.

Manila High School (Intramuros)

Manila High School
The Americans also founded the first school under the new government, the Manila High School, on June 11, 1906 along Victoria Street.
It was first built along the present site of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila on General Luna Street in Intramuros from July 1963 up to April 1967.

University of Santo Tomas

USTUniversity of Sto. TomasUniversity of Santo Tomás
The Dominicans established the Universidad de Santo Tomás in 1611 and the Colegio de San Juan de Letrán in 1620.
Bernardo de Santa Catalina carried out Benavides's wishes and was able to secure a building near the Dominican church and convent in Intramuros for the College.

San Ignacio Church (Manila)

San Ignacio ChurchSan Ignacio Church and ConventJesuit Church of San Ignacio
The other churches built by the different religious orders – San Nicolas de Tolentino Church (Recollects), San Francisco Church (Franciscans), Third Venerable Order Church (Third Order of St. Francis), Santo Domingo Church (Dominican), Lourdes Church (Capuchins), and the San Ignacio Church (Jesuits) – has made the small walled city the City of Churches.
San Ignacio Church (Iglesia de San Ignacio) in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines, was designed for the Jesuits by architect Felix Roxas, Sr., and completed in 1899.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the 0.67 km2 historic walled area within the modern city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
60 Calle Santa Rosa'' in Intramuros.

Lyceum of the Philippines University

Lyceum of the PhilippinesLyceumLPU
Willman Chapel, Lyceum of the Philippines University Chapel, and the Mapua University Chapel.
The Lyceum of the Philippines University (, abbreviated LPU) is an institute of higher education located in Intramuros in the City of Manila, Philippines.

Miguel López de Legazpi

Miguel Lopez de LegazpiLegazpiMiguel Lopez de Legaspi
In 1564, Spanish explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi sailed from New Spain (now Mexico), and arrived on the island of Cebu on February 13, 1565, establishing the first Spanish colony in the Philippines.
López de Legazpi established a settlement there on June 24, 1571, and he also ordered the construction of the walled city of Intramuros.

San Agustin Church (Manila)

San Agustin ChurchChurch of San AgustinSan Agustin Church, Manila
San Agustin Church, a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the Baroque Churches of the Philippines, is located within Intramuros.
San Agustin Church (Filipino: Simbahan ng San Agustin, Spanish: Iglesia de San Agustín), also known as the Archdiocesan Shrine of Nuestra Señora de Consolacion y Correa or the Immaculate Conception Parish, is a Roman Catholic church under the auspices of the Order of St. Augustine, located inside the historic walled city of Intramuros in Manila.

Juan de Salcedo

Captain Juan de Salcedohad sent expeditionsDon Juan de Salcedo
Having heard from the natives about the rich resources in Manila, Legazpi dispatched two of his lieutenant-commanders, Martín de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo, to explore the island of Luzon.
His body is interred at the San Agustin Church in Intramuros.