Intravenous sugar solution

Glucose5% dextrose in waterD5Wdextrose 5% in water
Intravenous sugar solution, also known as dextrose solution, is a mixture of dextrose (glucose) and water.wikipedia
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Glucose

dextroseD-glucose D -glucose
Intravenous sugar solution, also known as dextrose solution, is a mixture of dextrose (glucose) and water.
Glucose, as intravenous sugar solution, is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.

Volume expander

crystalloidcrystalloidsplasma expander
Intravenous sugar solutions are in the crystalloid family of medications.
Intravenous sugar solutions, such as those containing glucose (also called dextrose), have the advantage of providing some energy, and may thereby provide the entire or part of the energy component of parenteral nutrition.

Saline (medicine)

salinesaline solutionnormal saline
Versions are also available mixed with saline. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$1.00–1.80 per liter of 10% dextrose in water, and it is about US$0.60–2.40 per liter of 5% dextrose in normal saline.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization's List of Essential MedicinesList of Essential MedicinesModel List of Essential Medicines
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Parenteral nutrition

total parenteral nutritionTPNintravenous feeding
It is also used in the treatment of high blood potassium, diabetic ketoacidosis, and as part of parenteral nutrition.
For energy only, intravenous sugar solutions with dextrose or glucose are generally used.

Water

H 2 OHOliquid water
Intravenous sugar solution, also known as dextrose solution, is a mixture of dextrose (glucose) and water.

Hypoglycemia

low blood sugarhypoglycaemiahypoglycemic
It is used to treat low blood sugar or water loss without electrolyte loss.

Electrolyte

electrolyteselectrolyticionic solution
It is used to treat low blood sugar or water loss without electrolyte loss.

Fever

pyrexiafebrileague
Water loss without electrolyte loss may occur in fever, hyperthyroidism, high blood calcium, or diabetes insipidus.

Hyperthyroidism

thyrotoxicosishyperthyroidoveractive thyroid
Water loss without electrolyte loss may occur in fever, hyperthyroidism, high blood calcium, or diabetes insipidus.

Hypercalcaemia

hypercalcemiahigh blood calciumhigh blood calcium levels
Water loss without electrolyte loss may occur in fever, hyperthyroidism, high blood calcium, or diabetes insipidus.

Diabetes insipidus

diabetesCentral diabetes insipidusdiabetic
Water loss without electrolyte loss may occur in fever, hyperthyroidism, high blood calcium, or diabetes insipidus.

Hyperkalemia

high blood potassiumhyperkalaemiahigh blood potassium levels
It is also used in the treatment of high blood potassium, diabetic ketoacidosis, and as part of parenteral nutrition.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

DKAketoacidosisacidosis
It is also used in the treatment of high blood potassium, diabetic ketoacidosis, and as part of parenteral nutrition.

Intravenous therapy

intravenousintravenouslyinjection into a vein
It is given by injection into a vein.

Vein

veinsvenousvenous system
Side effects may include irritation of the vein in which it is given, high blood sugar, and swelling.

Hyperglycemia

high blood sugarhyperglycaemiahyperglycemic
Side effects may include irritation of the vein in which it is given, high blood sugar, and swelling.

Edema

dropsyoedemaswelling
Side effects may include irritation of the vein in which it is given, high blood sugar, and swelling.

Hyponatremia

Hyponatraemialow blood sodiumlow blood sodium levels
Excess use may result in low blood sodium and other electrolyte problems.

Electrolyte imbalance

electrolyte problemselectrolyte disturbanceelectrolyte abnormalities
Excess use may result in low blood sodium and other electrolyte problems.

Tonicity

hypertonicisotonichypotonic
While they may start out hypertonic they become hypotonic solutions as the sugar is metabolised.

Health system

health care systemhealthcare systemhealth systems
It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.

Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nations
The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$1.00–1.80 per liter of 10% dextrose in water, and it is about US$0.60–2.40 per liter of 5% dextrose in normal saline.

National Health Service

NHSNational Health Service (NHS)National Health Services
In the United Kingdom a 50 ml vial of 50% solution costs the NHS 2.01 pounds.

Sympathetic nervous system

sympatheticsympathetic nervesympathetic nerves
Administering a 5% sugar solution peri- and postoperatively usually achieves a good balance between starvation reactions and hyperglycemia caused by sympathetic activation.