Inuit

InukInuit peopleEskimosEskimoArcticArctic cultural areagradually displacedInuit communitiesInuit peoplesArctic native peoples
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.wikipedia
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Greenland

Kalaallit NunaatGreenlandicGL
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors migrated from Alaska through Northern Canada, gradually settling across the island by the 13th century.

Indigenous peoples in Canada

AboriginalIndigenousAboriginal peoples in Canada
Since the late 20th century, Indigenous peoples in Canada and Greenlandic Inuit consider "Eskimo" to be a pejorative term, and they more frequently identify as "Inuit" for an autonym.
They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis, or by the initialism FNIM (First Nations, Inuit, Métis), Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada and some consider them to be pejorative.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Even though the term "Indian" generally does not include the culturally and linguistically distinct indigenous peoples of the Arctic regions of the Americas—such as the Aleuts, Inuit or Yupik peoples, who entered the continent as a second more recent wave of migration several thousand years before and have much more recent genetic and cultural commonalities with the aboriginal peoples of the Asiatic Arctic Russian Far East—these groups are nonetheless considered "indigenous peoples of the Americas".

Eskimo

EskimosEsquimauxInuit
In Canada and the United States, the term "Eskimo" was commonly used to describe Inuit and Siberia's and Alaska's Yupik and Iñupiat peoples.
The two main peoples known as "Eskimo" are the Inuit—including the Alaskan Iñupiat peoples, the Greenlandic Inuit, and the mass-grouping Inuit peoples of Canada—and the Yupik of eastern Siberia and Alaska.

First Nations

First NationNorth American IndianIndian
In Canada, sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 classified Inuit as a distinctive group of Aboriginal Canadians who are not included under either the First Nations or the Métis.
Those in the Arctic area are distinct and known as Inuit.

Inuktitut syllabics

syllabicsInuktitutak'''ł'''ak
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Inuktitut syllabics (Inuktitut: ᖃᓂᐅᔮᖅᐸᐃᑦ or ᑎᑎᕋᐅᓯᖅ ᓄᑖᖅ ) is an abugida-type writing system used in Canada by the Inuktitut-speaking Inuit of the territory of Nunavut and the Nunavik region in Quebec.

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Inuit (syllabics:, "the people", singular: Inuk ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska. Their first European contact was with the Vikings who settled in Greenland and explored the eastern Canadian coast.
Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers.

Nunavut

NUGovernment of NunavutNunavut Territory
Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate used in Nunavut. Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
One of the world's most remote, sparsely settled regions, it has a population of 35,944, mostly Inuit, spread over a land area of just over 1877787 km2, [[List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area in excess of 1,000,000 square kilometers|or slightly smaller than Mexico]] (excluding water surface area).

Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis people
In Canada, sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 classified Inuit as a distinctive group of Aboriginal Canadians who are not included under either the First Nations or the Métis.
These Métis peoples are recognized as one of Canada's aboriginal peoples under the Constitution Act of 1982, along with First Nations and Inuit peoples.

NunatuKavut

Labrador Métis Nation
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
NunatuKavut is an unrecognized Inuit territory in Labrador.

Yupik peoples

YupikYup'ikYupik people
In Canada and the United States, the term "Eskimo" was commonly used to describe Inuit and Siberia's and Alaska's Yupik and Iñupiat peoples.
They are Eskimo and are related to the Inuit and Iñupiat peoples.

Greenlandic Inuit

GreenlandersInuitGreenland Inuit
Since the late 20th century, Indigenous peoples in Canada and Greenlandic Inuit consider "Eskimo" to be a pejorative term, and they more frequently identify as "Inuit" for an autonym.

Nunavik

northern QuebecNunavik QuébecNunavik region
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
Covering a land area of 443,684.71 km2 north of the 55th parallel, it is the homeland of the Inuit of Quebec.

Inuit Nunangat

With the exception of NunatuKavut these areas are known in the Inuit languages as Inuit Nunangat.
Inuit Nunangat (syllabics: ; lit. "lands, waters and ices of the [Inuit] people") is the homeland of the Inuit in Canada.

Labrador

Labrador, CanadaCoast of LabradorLAB
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
The aboriginal peoples of Labrador include the Northern Inuit of Nunatsiavut, the Southern Inuit-Métis of Nunatukavut (NunatuKavut), and the Innu.

Thule people

ThuleThule cultureThule Tradition
Inuit are the descendants of what anthropologists call the Thule people, who emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE.
The Thule or proto-Inuit were the ancestors of all modern Inuit.

Quebec

QuébecProvince of QuebecQC
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
This was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.

Dorset culture

DorsetDorset peopleDorset Eskimo
They displaced the related Dorset culture, called the Tuniit in Inuktitut, which was the last major Paleo-Eskimo culture.
The Dorset was a Paleo-Eskimo culture, lasting from 500 BC to between 1000 and 1500 AD, that followed the Pre-Dorset and preceded the Inuit in the Arctic of North America.

History of Greenland

GreenlandNorse GreenlandNorse Greenlanders
Their first European contact was with the Vikings who settled in Greenland and explored the eastern Canadian coast.
The ancestors of the Inuit Greenlanders who live there today appear to have migrated there later, around AD 1200, from northwestern Greenland.

Inuvialuit Settlement Region

Inuvialuit Final AgreementInuvialuitInuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR)
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
The ISR is one of the four Inuit regions of Canada, collectively known as Inuit Nunangat, represented by the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK).

Sadlermiut

Sallirmiut
But, in the mid-1950s, researcher Henry B. Collins determined that, based on the ruins found at Native Point, the Sadlermiut were likely the last remnants of the Dorset culture, or Tuniit.
The Sadlermiut (also called Sagdlirmiut, or Sallirmiut in modern Inuktitut spelling, from Sadlerk now Salliq, the Inuktitut name for the settlement of Coral Harbour, Nunavut) were an Inuit group living in near isolation mainly on and around Coats Island, Walrus Island, and Southampton Island in Hudson Bay.

Inuktitut

Inuktitut languageInuktitukInuktitut writing
They displaced the related Dorset culture, called the Tuniit in Inuktitut, which was the last major Paleo-Eskimo culture.
It also has some recognition in Nunatsiavut—the Inuit area in Labrador—following the ratification of its agreement with the government of Canada and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Northwest Territories

North-West TerritoriesNTNorth West Territories
Inuit live throughout most of Northern Canada in the territory of Nunavut, Nunavik in the northern third of Quebec, Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut in Labrador, and in various parts of the Northwest Territories, particularly around the Arctic Ocean, in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, a number of First Nations and Inuit nations occupied the area which became the Northwest Territories.

Paleo-Eskimo

Paleo-EskimosPalaeo-EskimoPaleoeskimo
They displaced the related Dorset culture, called the Tuniit in Inuktitut, which was the last major Paleo-Eskimo culture.
The Paleo-Eskimo (also pre-Thule or pre-Inuit) were the peoples who inhabited the Arctic region from Chukotka (e.g., Chertov Ovrag) in present-day Russia across North America to Greenland prior to the arrival of the modern Inuit (Eskimo) and related cultures.

Rigolet

Kikiaq
The most southern "officially recognized" Inuit community in the world is Rigolet in Nunatsiavut.
The town is the southernmost officially recognized Inuit community in the world.