Invasion of Yugoslavia

invasioninvadedinvaded YugoslaviaYugoslaviaApril WarAxis invasion of YugoslaviaGerman invasionYugoslavia was invadedoccupation of Yugoslaviaoccupied Yugoslavia
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II. The order for the invasion was put forward in "Führer Directive No. 25", which Adolf Hitler issued on 27 March 1941, following the Yugoslav coup d'état.wikipedia
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Royal Yugoslav Army Air Force

Jugoslovensko Kraljevsko Ratno VazduhoplovstvoRoyal Yugoslav Air ForceRoyal
The invasion commenced with an overwhelming air attack on Belgrade and facilities of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force (VVKJ) by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) and attacks by German land forces from southwestern Bulgaria.
The Royal Yugoslav Army Air Force (Zrakoplovstvo vojske Kraljevine Jugoslavije, Ваздухопловство војске Краљевине Југославије; ВВКЈ), was formed in 1918 in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929) and existed until Yugoslavia's surrender to the Axis powers in 1941 following the Invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia

YugoslaviaKingdom of Serbs, Croats and SlovenesYugoslav
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II.
The royal family flew to London the same year, prior to the country being invaded by the Axis powers.

Operation Retribution (1941)

bombing of BelgradeOperation RetributionGerman bombing of Belgrade
The invasion commenced with an overwhelming air attack on Belgrade and facilities of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force (VVKJ) by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) and attacks by German land forces from southwestern Bulgaria.
The bombing occurred in the first days of the German-led Axis invasion of Yugoslavia during World War II.

Yugoslav coup d'état

coup d'étatmilitary coupcoup
The order for the invasion was put forward in "Führer Directive No. 25", which Adolf Hitler issued on 27 March 1941, following the Yugoslav coup d'état.
The coup led directly to the German-led Axis invasion of Yugoslavia.

Royal Yugoslav Army

Yugoslav Armyarmyarmy of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Scholars have proposed several theories for the Royal Yugoslav Army's sudden collapse, including poor training and equipment, generals eager to secure a quick cessation of hostilities, and a sizeable Croatian nationalist fifth column.
Aside from fighting along the Austrian border in 1919–20 related to territorial disputes, and some border skirmishes on its southern borders in the 1920s, the VKJ was not involved in fighting until April 1941 when it was quickly overcome by the German-led invasion of Yugoslavia.

Independent State of Croatia

CroatiaNDHCroatian
Some areas of Yugoslavia were annexed by neighboring Axis countries, some areas remained occupied, and in other areas Axis puppet states such as the Independent State of Croatia (, or NDH) were created during the invasion on 10 April.
It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April 1941, after the invasion by the Axis powers. Its territory consisted of most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as some parts of modern-day Serbia and Slovenia, but also excluded many Croat-populated areas in Dalmatia (until late 1943), Istria, and Međimurje regions (which today are part of Croatia).

Slovenia

🇸🇮SlovenianSlovene
Italian forces were limited to air and artillery attacks until 11 April, when the Italian army attacked towards Ljubljana (in modern-day Slovenia) and through Istria and Lika and down the Dalmatian coast.
Axis forces invaded Yugoslavia in April 1941 and defeated the country in a few weeks.

German Army (1935–1945)

German ArmyArmyArmy (Wehrmacht)
The invasion commenced with an overwhelming air attack on Belgrade and facilities of the Royal Yugoslav Air Force (VVKJ) by the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) and attacks by German land forces from southwestern Bulgaria.
The motorized formations received much attention in the world press in the opening years of the war, and were cited as the main reason for the success of the German invasions of Poland (September 1939), Norway and Denmark (April 1940), Belgium, France and Netherlands (May 1940), Yugoslavia (April 1941) and the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union (June 1941).

Miklós Horthy

HorthyAdmiral HorthyMiklós Horthy de Nagybánya
Regent Miklós Horthy and the military favoured taking part in the invasion of Yugoslavia and mobilized the following day.
Under Horthy's leadership, Hungary gave support to Polish refugees in 1939 and participated in a supportive (as opposed to front-line) role in the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 and during the German invasion of Yugoslavia the same year occupied and annexed former Hungarian territories which had been given to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (from 1929 Yugoslavia) by the Allies after the First World War.

Nazi Germany

GermanGermanyNazi
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II.
On 6 April, Germany launched an invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece.

Yugoslav accession to the Tripartite Pact

Yugoslavia's accessionalign the country with the Third Reichcomplied
The Regent, Prince Paul, yielded to this pressure, and declared Yugoslavia's accession to the Pact on 25 March 1941.
The pact was short-lived however, the Yugoslav coup d'état following on 27 March, and Axis invasion of Yugoslavia on 6 April.

Chetnik Command

On 1 April Yugoslavia redesignated its Assault Command as the Chetnik Command, after the Serb guerrilla forces from World War I which had resisted the Central Powers.
The Chetnik Command (Četnička komanda/Четничкa команда) was a military operation plan of the Yugoslav government in an expected invasion of Yugoslavia.

Tripartite Pact

Axis Pactallianceallies
In 1940 and early 1941, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria all agreed to adhere to the Tripartite Pact and thus join the Axis.
Yugoslavia's accession provoked a coup d'état in Belgrade two days later, and Italy and Germany responded by invading Yugoslavia (with Bulgarian, Hungarian and Romanian assistance) and partitioning the country.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The invasion of Yugoslavia, also known as the April War or Operation 25, was a German-led attack on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers which began on 6 April 1941 during World War II.
Germany responded with simultaneous invasions of both Yugoslavia and Greece, commencing on 6 April 1941; both nations were forced to surrender within the month.

Third Army (Hungary)

3rd ArmyHungarian Third ArmyThird Army
The Hungarian 3rd Army also participated in the invasion, with support available from over 500 aircraft.
On 5 April 1941, the Hungarian Third Army was mobilized for the invasion of Yugoslavia.

12th Army (Wehrmacht)

12th ArmyTwelfth ArmyGerman 12th Army
The invasion was spearheaded by the German 2nd Army with elements of the 12th Army, First Panzer Group, and an independent panzer corps combined with overwhelming Luftwaffe support.
The Yugoslavians crumbled first.

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia

Prince PaulPaulCrown Prince Paul
The Regent, Prince Paul, yielded to this pressure, and declared Yugoslavia's accession to the Pact on 25 March 1941.
German forces invaded the country 10 days later.

Victor Emmanuel III of Italy

Victor Emmanuel IIIKing Victor Emmanuel IIIVictor Emmanuel
After the Italian invasion in the northwest began, King Victor Emmanuel III moved to a villa owned by the Pirzio Biroli family at Brazzacco, near Moruzzo, in order to be close to the front.
During the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, Victor Emmanuel moved to a villa owned by the Pirzio Biroli family at Brazzacco in order to be close to the front.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
The order for the invasion was put forward in "Führer Directive No. 25", which Adolf Hitler issued on 27 March 1941, following the Yugoslav coup d'état.
In April, Hitler launched the invasion of Yugoslavia, quickly followed by the invasion of Greece.

List of Adolf Hitler's directives

Führer DirectiveDirective 22Directive No. 16
The order for the invasion was put forward in "Führer Directive No. 25", which Adolf Hitler issued on 27 March 1941, following the Yugoslav coup d'état.

Walther von Brauchitsch

von BrauchitschBrauchitschField Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch
This final plan "was put down in map form", according to Paulus' account, and must have been telephoned to Berlin immediately so as to make into Operational Order No. 25, issued by Walther von Brauchitsch that same day.
He played a key role in the Battle of France and oversaw the German invasions of Yugoslavia and Greece.

Puppet state

puppet governmentpuppetpuppet regime
Some areas of Yugoslavia were annexed by neighboring Axis countries, some areas remained occupied, and in other areas Axis puppet states such as the Independent State of Croatia (, or NDH) were created during the invasion on 10 April.
Independent State of Croatia (1941–1945) – Formed after the invasion of Yugoslavia, the Independent State of Croatia was led by the Croatian fascist leader Ante Pavelić. It controlled all or most of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, parts of Serbia, and parts of Slovenia. The government relied on German support for much of its existence.

16th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

16th Panzer Division16. Panzer-Division16th
As a result of this meeting, the 16th Panzer Division was sent to Romania in late December.
The new tank division was sent to Romania and Bulgaria in early 1941 but kept in reserve and did not take part in the German invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece.

Pál Teleki

TelekiPál Count Teleki de SzékPál Teleki (de Szék)
Prime Minister Pál Teleki sought to prevent German troops passing through Hungary and cited the peace treaty with Yugoslavia as an impediment to cooperation with the Germans.
Germany planned to invade Yugoslavia (Directive No. 25) and compel it to remain part of the Axis.

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946)

HungaryKingdom of HungaryHungarian
In 1940 and early 1941, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria all agreed to adhere to the Tripartite Pact and thus join the Axis. These attacks were followed by German thrusts from Romania, Hungary and the Ostmark.
In April 1941, Hungary let the Wehrmacht into her territory, thus supporting Germany and Italy in the invasion of Yugoslavia.