Investment

Investmentsinvestingcapital investmentInvestment servicesinvestDiversified investmentsinvestedcapital investmentsfinancial investmentforeign investors
To invest is to allocate money in the expectation of some benefit in the future.wikipedia
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Rate of return

returnreturnsreturn on investment
In finance, the benefit from an investment is called a return. Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments.
In finance, return is a profit on an investment.

Interest

simple interestrate of interestinterest rates
The return may consist of a gain (or loss) realised from the sale of property or an investment, unrealised capital appreciation (or depreciation), or investment income such as dividends, interest, rental income etc., or a combination of capital gain and income.
Interest differs from profit, in that interest is received by a lender, whereas profit is received by the owner of an asset, investment or enterprise.

Investment strategy

investment strategiesinvestment strategistmethods
Investors, particularly novices, are often advised to adopt a particular investment strategy and diversify their portfolio.
In finance, an investment strategy is a set of rules, behaviors or procedures, designed to guide an investor's selection of an investment portfolio.

Diversification (finance)

diversificationdiversifieddiversify
Investors, particularly novices, are often advised to adopt a particular investment strategy and diversify their portfolio.
A common path towards diversification is to reduce risk or volatility by investing in a variety of assets.

Portfolio (finance)

portfolioinvestment portfolioportfolios
Investors, particularly novices, are often advised to adopt a particular investment strategy and diversify their portfolio.
In finance, a portfolio is a collection of investments held by an investment company, hedge fund, financial institution or individual.

Saving

savingssavings ratesave
Savings bear the (normally remote) risk that the financial provider may default.
In terms of personal finance, saving generally specifies low-risk preservation of money, as in a deposit account, versus investment, wherein risk is a lot higher; in economics more broadly, it refers to any income not used for immediate consumption.

Finance

financialfinancesfiscal
In finance, the benefit from an investment is called a return.
It is a thus a field that is concerned with the investment of assets and liabilities over space and time, incorporating risk or uncertainty, and the time value of money; it can also be defined as the art of money management.

Benjamin Graham

Graham
Warren Buffett and Benjamin Graham are notable examples of value investors.
Graham exhorted the stock market participant to first draw a fundamental distinction between investment and speculation.

Investor

financierinvestorsfinanciers
Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments.

Insurance

insurance companyinsurance companiesinsurance industry
These intermediaries include pension funds, banks, and insurance companies.
Insurance companies earn investment profits on "float".

Capital accumulation

accumulation of capitalaccumulationLaw of accumulation
Capital accumulation (also termed the accumulation of capital) is the dynamic that motivates the pursuit of profit, involving the investment of money or any financial asset with the goal of increasing the initial monetary value of said asset as a financial return whether in the form of profit, rent, interest, royalties or capital gains.

Foreign direct investment

foreign investmentFDIforeign investments
A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

List of countries by gross fixed investment as percentage of GDP

Gross fixed investmentHighest gross fixed investment as percentage of GDPInvestment as % of GDP
Gross fixed investment is defined as total business spending on fixed assets, such as factories, machinery, equipment, dwellings, and inventories of raw materials, which provide the basis for future production.

Intermediary

intermediariesmiddlemancommercial agent
Investments are often made indirectly through intermediary financial institutions.
Common usage includes the insurance, and financial services industry where e.g. mortgage brokers, insurance broker, and financial advisers offer intermediation services in the supply of financial products such as mortgage loans, insurance, and investment products.

Socially responsible investing

ethical investingethical investmentsocial investment
Socially responsible investing (SRI), or social investment, also known as sustainable, socially conscious, "green" or ethical investing, is any investment strategy which seeks to consider both financial return and social/environmental good to bring about social change regarded as positive by proponents.

Capital gains tax

capital gainscapital gains taxesCapital gain tax
The international capital market that has hugely developed in the past few decades (in the 2nd half of the 20th century) is helping countries to deal with some gaps between investments and savings.

Mortgage investment corporation

mortgage investments
A mortgage investment corporation or MIC is an investment and lending company designed specifically for mortgage lending (primarily residential mortgage lending) in Canada.

Time value of money

Cumulative average returndiscounted future returnsearning potential of money over time
It also underlies investment.

Debt

debtsprincipalborrowing
A high proportion of debt, reflected in a high debt-to-equity ratio, tends to make a company's earnings, free cash flow, and ultimately the returns to its investors, more risky or volatile.
Companies also use debt in many ways to leverage the investment made in their assets, "leveraging" the return on their equity.

SICAV

SICAV- société d’ investissement à capital variable
They may pool money received from a number of individual end investors into funds such as investment trusts, unit trusts, SICAVs, etc. to make large-scale investments.

Earnings

earningarnings
A high proportion of debt, reflected in a high debt-to-equity ratio, tends to make a company's earnings, free cash flow, and ultimately the returns to its investors, more risky or volatile.
Non-routine profits are essential to warrant the high investments needed for high-technology industries.

Dividend

dividendsstock dividendcash dividend
The return may consist of a gain (or loss) realised from the sale of property or an investment, unrealised capital appreciation (or depreciation), or investment income such as dividends, interest, rental income etc., or a combination of capital gain and income.

Financial risk

riskinvestment riskfinancial
Investors generally expect higher returns from riskier investments.