Iodised salt

iodized saltsalt iodizationiodizedsalt iodisationsalt is iodizedadding iodinedouble-fortified saltiodineiodisediodised table salt
Iodised salt ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C -ize .28-isation.2C -ization.29|also spelled]] iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.wikipedia
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Iodine deficiency

iodineiodine deficiency disordersIodine-deficiency
The ingestion of iodine prevents iodine deficiency.
Prevention includes adding small amounts of iodine to table salt, a product known as iodized salt.

Goitre

goitermultinodular goitergoiters
Deficiency also causes thyroid gland problems, including "endemic goitre".
Worldwide, the most common cause for goitre is iodine deficiency, usually seen in countries that do not use iodized salt.

Intellectual disability

mental retardationintellectually disabledintellectual disabilities
Worldwide, iodine deficiency affects about two billion people and is the leading preventable cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Iodide

II − iodides
An opened package of table salt with iodide may rapidly lose its iodine content in high temperature and high relative humidity conditions through the process of oxidation and iodine sublimation.
In everyday life, iodide is most commonly encountered as a component of iodized salt, which many governments mandate.

Micronutrient

micronutrientselementsmicro
Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea coasts, but is generally quite rare in the Earth's crust, since iodine is a so-called heavy element, and abundance of chemical elements generally declines with greater atomic mass. Where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount of iodine needed by humans.
Priority programs include supplementation with vitamin A for children 6–59 months, zinc supplementation as a treatment for diarrhoeal disease, iron and folate supplementation for women of child-bearing age, salt iodization, staple food fortification, multiple micronutrient powders, biofortification of crops and behaviour-centred nutrition education.

Potassium iodide

KISSKIPotassium iodide (KI)
Four inorganic compounds are used as iodide sources, depending on the producer: potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium iodate, and sodium iodide.
Potassium iodide is also used for the iodization of salt.

Salt

table saltsalt productioncommon salt
Iodised salt ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C -ize .28-isation.2C -ization.29|also spelled]] iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.
Edible salt is sold in forms such as sea salt and table salt which usually contains an anti-caking agent and may be iodised to prevent iodine deficiency.

Mineral (nutrient)

mineralsdietary mineralsdietary mineral
Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea coasts, but is generally quite rare in the Earth's crust, since iodine is a so-called heavy element, and abundance of chemical elements generally declines with greater atomic mass. Where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount of iodine needed by humans.
The elements may be naturally present in the food (e.g., calcium in dairy milk) or added to the food (e.g., orange juice fortified with calcium; iodized salt fortified with iodine).

Thyroid

thyroid glandthyroid folliclethyroid function
Deficiency also causes thyroid gland problems, including "endemic goitre".
The use of iodised salt used to add iodine to the diet has eliminated endemic cretinism in most developed countries, and over 120 countries have made the iodination of salt mandatory.

Iodine

II 2 iodinated
Iodised salt ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C -ize .28-isation.2C -ization.29|also spelled]] iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.
Iodised salt is fortified with iodine in the form of sodium iodide.

China National Salt Industry Corporation

In the inland province of Ningxia, only 20% of salt consumed was sold by the China National Salt Industry Corporation.
China Salt is responsible for the iodization of edible table salt in China, where legal salt producers manufacture iodized salt in accordance with the requirements of China Salt.

History of salt

saltin exchange for the Saharan salt of TaghazaEnglish "-''wich'' towns" and the history of salt
Today, salt is almost universally accessible, relatively cheap, and often iodized.

Water fluoridation

fluoridationfluoridatedfluoride
The motivation for fluoridation of salt or water is similar to that of iodized salt for the prevention of congenital hypothyroidism and goiter.

Food fortification

fortifiedfortificationNutrification
Iodised salt has been used in the United States since before World War II.

Morton Salt

Morton Salt CompanyMorton InternationalMorton International, Inc.
By the fall of 1924, Morton Salt Company began distributing iodised salt nationally.

Sea salt

saltBlack lava saltmarine solar saltern
Iodised salt is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.

Enriched flour

enrichedartificial enrichmentenrich
* Iodised salt – which might be called "Fortified salt".

American and British English spelling differences

spelling differencesorsee spelling differences
Iodised salt ([[American and British English spelling differences#-ise.2C -ize .28-isation.2C -ization.29|also spelled]] iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of various salts of the element iodine.

Sodium chloride

NaClsaltroad salt
In many countries, iodine deficiency is a major public health problem that can be cheaply addressed by purposely adding small amounts of iodine to the sodium chloride salt.

Abundance of the chemical elements

abundanceabundancesabundant
Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea coasts, but is generally quite rare in the Earth's crust, since iodine is a so-called heavy element, and abundance of chemical elements generally declines with greater atomic mass. Where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount of iodine needed by humans.

Soil

soilsdirtsoil moisture
Iodine is a micronutrient and dietary mineral that is naturally present in the food supply in some regions, especially near sea coasts, but is generally quite rare in the Earth's crust, since iodine is a so-called heavy element, and abundance of chemical elements generally declines with greater atomic mass. Where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount of iodine needed by humans.

Sublimation (phase transition)

sublimationsublimessublimate
An opened package of table salt with iodide may rapidly lose its iodine content in high temperature and high relative humidity conditions through the process of oxidation and iodine sublimation.

Inorganic compound

inorganicinorganic compoundsinorganic chemical
Four inorganic compounds are used as iodide sources, depending on the producer: potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium iodate, and sodium iodide.

Potassium iodate

E917KIO 3 Potassium iod''ate
Four inorganic compounds are used as iodide sources, depending on the producer: potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium iodate, and sodium iodide.

Sodium iodate

NaIO 3 sodium
Four inorganic compounds are used as iodide sources, depending on the producer: potassium iodate, potassium iodide, sodium iodate, and sodium iodide.