Iowa caucuses

Iowa caucusIowacaucuscaucusesIowa Democratic CaucusDemocratic Party processfirst party caucusesIowa Democratic caucusesIowa Republican straw poll2008 Iowa Caucus
The Iowa caucuses are biennial electoral events for members of the Democratic and Republican parties in the U.S. state of Iowa.wikipedia
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Primary election

primaryprimariesopen primary
Unlike primary elections in most other U.S. states where registered voters go to polling places to cast ballots, Iowans instead gather at local caucus meetings to discuss and vote on the candidates.
In the United States, Iowa and New Hampshire have drawn attention every four years because they hold the first caucus and primary election, respectively, and often give a candidate the momentum to win their party's nomination.

Iowa Straw Poll (1979–2011)

Ames Straw PollIowa Straw PollAmes (Iowa) Straw Poll
For the Republicans, the Iowa caucus previously followed (but should not be confused with) the Iowa Straw Poll in August of the preceding year.
It was held six times, traditionally in late summer approximately six months in advance of contested presidential Iowa caucuses, from 1979 until 2011, on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames.

The Big Mo

Big Mopolitical momentummomentum
They can provide candidates with momentum going into the following contests.
After he won the Iowa caucuses, and was facing further contests, Bush Senior said: "Now they will be after me, howling and yowling at my heels. What we will have is momentum. We will look forward to Big Mo being on our side, as they say in athletics."

2008 Iowa Republican caucuses

Iowa caucusesIowa Republican caucusesIowa Caucus
The 2008 Iowa Democratic caucuses and 2008 Iowa Republican caucuses took place January 3 at 7 p.m. CT. Candidates spent tens of millions of dollars on local television advertisements and hundreds of paid staff in dozens of field offices.
The Iowa caucuses mark the traditional formal start of the delegate selection process for the 2008 United States presidential election.

George W. Bush

BushPresident BushPresident George W. Bush
Since Republican President George W. Bush did not face any opposition in 2004, only Democratic caucuses were held.
Bush won the Iowa caucuses, and although he was heavily favored to win the New Hampshire primary, he trailed McCain by 19 percent and lost that primary.

2008 Iowa Democratic caucuses

Iowa caucusesIowa caucusIowa
The 2008 Iowa Democratic caucuses and 2008 Iowa Republican caucuses took place January 3 at 7 p.m. CT. Candidates spent tens of millions of dollars on local television advertisements and hundreds of paid staff in dozens of field offices.
The caucuses followed the regular procedures of the Democratic Party process.

Iowa

IAState of IowaNorthern Iowa
The Iowa caucuses are biennial electoral events for members of the Democratic and Republican parties in the U.S. state of Iowa.
The state gets considerable attention every four years because the Iowa caucus, gatherings of voters to select delegates to the state conventions, is the first presidential caucus in the country.

Jimmy Carter

CarterPresident CarterPresident Jimmy Carter
Carter became the front-runner early on by winning the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary.

John Edwards

EdwardsJohn Reid EdwardsEdwards, John
John Kerry won the Iowa caucuses with 37.64% of the vote, John Edwards coming second.
In 2000, Edwards unofficially began his presidential campaign when he began to seek speaking engagements in Iowa, the site of the nation's first party caucuses.

United States presidential primary

presidential primariespresidential primaryprimary
The Iowa caucuses are noteworthy as the first major contest of the United States presidential primary season.
The first binding event, in which a candidate can secure convention delegates, is traditionally the Iowa caucus, usually held in late January or early February of the presidential election year.

Martin O'Malley

Martin O’MalleyMartin J. O'MalleyGovernor Martin O'Malley
He struggled to attract significant support as one of three major Democratic candidates, however, and eight months later on February 1, 2016, he suspended his campaign after finishing third in the Iowa caucuses.

Edmund Muskie

Edmund S. MuskieEd MuskieMuskie
The 1972 Iowa caucuses, however, significantly altered the race for the presidential nomination.

Dick Gephardt

Richard A. GephardtRichard A. "Dick" GephardtRichard Gephardt
Gephardt won the Iowa caucuses and South Dakota primary in February while finishing a strong second in New Hampshire, making him a serious contender for the nomination.

Gary Hart

Gary W. HartHart1988 Democratic Party presidential process
Mondale won the Iowa caucus in late January, but Hart polled a respectable 16 percent.

Ted Kennedy

Edward KennedyEdward M. KennedyTeddy Kennedy
In the January 1980 Iowa caucuses that initiated the primaries season, Carter demolished Kennedy by a 59–31 percent margin.

Bill Clinton

ClintonPresident ClintonPresident Bill Clinton
In the first primary contest, the Iowa Caucus, Clinton finished a distant third to Iowa Senator Tom Harkin.

Paul Simon (politician)

Paul SimonSenator Paul SimonPaul M. Simon
However, in February 1988, Simon narrowly lost the Iowa caucus to Representative Dick Gephardt of Missouri, and finished third in the New Hampshire primary the following week, with weak showings in Minnesota and South Dakota a week later.

George McGovern

George S. McGovernMcGovernMcGovern, George
He won a surprise third-place showing in the Iowa caucuses amidst a crowded field of candidates but finished fifth in the New Hampshire primary.

Birch Bayh

Birch E. Bayh IIhis fatherBayh, Birch E.
On the eve of the January 19, 1976, Iowa caucuses, Bayh and former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter were considered the leading candidates.

George H. W. Bush

George H.W. BushBushGeorge Bush
At the outset of the race, Bush focused heavily on winning the January 21 Iowa caucuses, making 31 visits to the state.

Bruce Babbitt

BabbittBruce E. Babbitt
He enjoyed positive press attention (called a "boomlet" in USA Today), but after finishing out of the top tier of candidates in the Iowa caucuses and New Hampshire primary, he dropped out of the race.

Paul Tsongas

Paul E. TsongasSenator Paul Tsongasher husband
Like many of the candidates, Tsongas ignored the 1992 contest in Iowa, which was expected to go overwhelmingly to Iowa's Senator Tom Harkin.

Rick Santorum

SantorumKaren Garver Santorum[Rick] Santorum
Santorum ran for president again in 2016, but ended his campaign in February 2016 after a poor showing in the Iowa caucuses.

Bob Dole

Robert DoleDoleRobert J. Dole
Despite Dole's national exposure from the '76 campaign, he finished behind Reagan, George H.W. Bush and four others in Iowa and New Hampshire, receiving only 2.5% and 0.4% of votes cast in those contests, respectively.