A report on Vermont and Ira Allen

Engraving of Ira Allen, c. 1810
The Great Seal of the State of Vermont
The Old Constitution House at Windsor, where the Constitution of Vermont was adopted on July 8, 1777
Monument of Ira Allen on the University of Vermont campus in Burlington
A circa 1775 flag used by the Green Mountain Boys
Ira Allen Chapel at the University of Vermont
The gold leaf dome of the neoclassical Vermont State House (Capitol) in Montpelier
Ira Allen miniature
1791 Act of Congress admitting Vermont into the Union
Vermont in 1827. The county boundaries have since changed.
Map of Vermont showing cities, roads, and rivers
Population density of Vermont
Mount Mansfield
Western face of Camel's Hump Mountain (elevation 4079 ft).
Fall foliage at Lake Willoughby
Köppen climate types of Vermont, using 1991–2020 climate normals.
Silurian and Devonian stratigraphy of Vermont
The hermit thrush, the state bird of Vermont
A proportional representation of Vermont exports, 2020
Fall foliage seen from Hogback Mountain, Wilmington
Lake Champlain
Autumn in Vermont
Stowe Resort Village
The Lyndon Institute, a high school in Lyndon, Vermont
The University of Vermont
Old Mill, the oldest building of the university
Vermont welcome sign in Addison on Route 17 just over the New York border over the Champlain Bridge
Amtrak station in White River Junction
The Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, in Vernon
The Vermont Supreme Court's building in Montpelier
Vermont towns hold a March town meeting for voters to approve the town's budget and decide other matters. Marlboro voters meet in this building.
Senators Bernie Sanders and Patrick Leahy and Representative Peter Welch greet supporters in 2017.
Vermontasaurus sculpture in Post Mills, in 2010

Ira Allen (April 21, 1751 – January 7, 1814) was one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont and a leader of the Green Mountain Boys during the American colonial period.

- Ira Allen

In 1770, Ethan Allen, his brothers Ira and Levi, and the Allens' cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker, recruited an informal militia known as the Green Mountain Boys to protect the interests of the original New Hampshire settlers against newcomers from New York.

- Vermont

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An engraving depicting Ethan Allen demanding the surrender of Fort Ticonderoga

Ethan Allen

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American farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, American Revolutionary War patriot, and politician.

American farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, American Revolutionary War patriot, and politician.

An engraving depicting Ethan Allen demanding the surrender of Fort Ticonderoga
A postcard depicting Allen's birthplace in Litchfield, Connecticut
New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth
The Catamount Tavern in the 19th century
The flag of the Green Mountain Boys
Engraving of Benedict Arnold
Engraving depicting Allen before his captors in Montreal
New York Governor George Clinton
Allen's 'Reason', at CFI's Library
Sculpture of Allen by Larkin Goldsmith Mead
Monument to Allen in Green Mount Cemetery
Ira Allen
Fanny Allen
Alabama Attorney General Henry Hitchcock
Union General Ethan Allan Hitchcock
Henry Hitchcock
Ethan Allan Hitchcock

He is best known as one of the founders of Vermont and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the Revolutionary War.

He was the brother of Ira Allen and the father of Frances Allen.

The Flag of the Green Mountain Boys, predating the Vermont Republic, is still used by the Vermont National Guard

Green Mountain Boys

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The Flag of the Green Mountain Boys, predating the Vermont Republic, is still used by the Vermont National Guard
Replica of the 1777 flag from the Battle of Bennington.
Green Mountain Rangers, 1776

The Green Mountain Boys were a militia organization first established in 1770 in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants and later in 1777 as the Vermont Republic (which later became the state of Vermont).

They were led by Ethan Allen, his brother Ira Allen, and their cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker.

Vermont Republic

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Independent state in New England that existed from January 15, 1777, to March 4, 1791.

Independent state in New England that existed from January 15, 1777, to March 4, 1791.

Location of the Vermont Republic in 1777.
Vellum manuscript of the 1777 Constitution of Vermont
Location of the Vermont Republic in 1777.
Vermont coin with the passage VERMONTIS. RES. PUBLICA. on the obverse, and the motto "STELLA QUARTA DECIMA" on the reverse
Engraving of Thomas Chittenden, first and third governor of the Vermont Republic, and first governor of the State of Vermont with the most gubernatorial terms held to date
The Old Constitution House in Windsor, Vermont, where the 1777 constitution was signed, is also called the birthplace of Vermont.
The "Old Chapel" (Castleton Medical College Building) in Castleton

On March 4, 1791, it was admitted into the United States as the State of Vermont, with the constitution and laws of the independent state continuing in effect after admission.

The Great Seal of Vermont, designed by Ira Allen, centrally features a 14-branched pine tree.

The North Branch of the Winooski River at Montpelier

Winooski River

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The North Branch of the Winooski River at Montpelier
Falls on the Winooski River between the cities of Winooski (foreground) and Burlington (far shore)
Northwesterly view of the Winooski River Bicycle and Pedestrian Bridge crossing from Burlington to Colchester along the Island Line Trail at the mouth of the Winooski River.

The Winooski River (formerly the Onion River) is a tributary of Lake Champlain, approximately 90 mi long, in the northern half of Vermont.

The byname "Onion River" came into general usage in the late 18th and early 19th century, after Ira and Ethan Allen established the Onion River Land Company.

University of Vermont

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Public land-grant research university in Burlington, Vermont.

Public land-grant research university in Burlington, Vermont.

Old Mill, the oldest building of the university
The Billings Memorial Library was built in 1883 and was the university's library until 1961 when the larger Guy W. Bailey library was built. Since then, it has served miscellaneous purposes.
Named for U.S. Senator Justin Smith Morrill, Morrill Hall was constructed in 1906–07 to serve as the home of the UVM Agriculture Department and the Agricultural Experiment Station.
UVM research vessel docked near ECHO Aquarium, in Burlington harbor along Lake Champlain.
Williams Hall (formerly Williams Science Hall) at the University of Vermont today houses the departments of Fine Arts and Anthropology.
The George D. Aiken Center houses the Rubenstein School of Environment & Natural Resources
The Gutterson Fieldhouse, built in 1963, houses UVM's hockey rink.
Davis Center, the student resource center of the university completed in the fall of 2007
Ira Allen Chapel
John Dewey
Jody Williams
Madeleine Kunin
Phil Scott
Frederick H. Billings
William A. Wheeler
Grace Coolidge
Brian Halligan
Henry Jarvis Raymond
Peter Katis
Annie Proulx
Ben Affleck
Dierks Bentley
Duane Graveline
Jessica Seinfeld

Much of the initial funding and planning for the university was undertaken by Ira Allen, who is honored as UVM's founder.

The largest medical library in Vermont, the Charles A. Dana Library is the Vermont Resource Library of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine and serves the information needs of the Academic Health Center at the University of Vermont.