Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army
Badge of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Meeting of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Houari Boumédiène and Saddam Hussein (left to right) during the Algiers Agreement in 1975.
An IRIAF C-130 Hercules in 1988
Ruhollah Khomeini rose to power after the Iranian Revolution.
A P-3F Orion of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Location of Khuzestan Province in Iran which Iraq planned to annex
An Iranian C-130 Hercules in 2010
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr, who was also commander-in-chief, on a Jeep-mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gun. Banisadr was impeached in June 1981.
Iran Air Forces training in Tehran, 2014
The Shatt al-Arab on the Iran–Iraq border
A Mirage F1BQ landing
Destroyed Iranian C-47 Skytrain
An Su-24MK of the IRIAF flying over Shahid Dastghaib International Airport
Iranian F-14A Tomcats equipped with AIM-54A, AIM-7 and AIM-9 missiles.
An F-14A Tomcat of the IRIAF
Resistance of the outnumbered and outgunned Iranians in Khorramshahr slowed the Iraqis for a month.
A MiG-29 on the tarmac at Dezful Airport
Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront
A CH-47 Chinook
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Massoud Rajavi, the leader of MEK and the National Resistance Council of Iran (NCRI) in 1988.
An Iranian C-130E
The surprise attack on H-3 airbase is considered to be one of the most sophisticated air operations of the war.
Iranian soldier holding an IV bag during the Iran–Iraq War
Iranian Northrop F-5 aircraft during Iran-Iraq war
Iraqi T-62 tank wreckage in Khuzestan Province, Iran
Iraqi soldiers surrendering after the Liberation of Khorramshahr
Saddam Hussein in 1982
An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran–Iraq War. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavoured by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
95,000 Iranian child soldiers were made casualties during the Iran–Iraq War, mostly between the ages of 16 and 17, with a few younger.
Furthest ground gains
Iranian POWs in 1983 near Tikrit, Iraq
Iranian child soldier
Iraqi POW who was shot by Iranian troops after they conquered the Iraqi Majnoon oil field in October 1984
Iranian troops fire 152 mm D-20 howitzer
Battle of the Marshes Iran front 1983 rest after exchange of fire 152 mm D-20 H
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort (21 October 1987)
A map indicating the attacks on civilian areas of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait targeted during the "War of the Cities".
Iraqi commanders discussing strategy on the battlefront (1986)
Iranian President Ali Khamenei on the battlefront during the Iran–Iraq War
Operation Dawn 8 during which Iran captured the Faw Peninsula.
Iranian soldier killed during the Iran–Iraq War with Rouhollah Khomeini's photo on his uniform
The People's Mujahedin of Iran, supported by Saddam, started a ten-day operation after both the Iranian and Iraqi governments accepted UN Resolution 598. Casualty estimates range from 2,000 to 10,000.
Adnan Khairallah, Iraqi Defense Minister, meeting with Iraqi soldiers during the war
IRGC navy speedboats using swarm tactics
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran–Iraq War.
The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after being hit by 20 U.S. air launched missiles and bombs, killing a third of the crew, April 1988
Iranian soldiers captured during Iraq's 1988 offensives
USS Vincennes in 1987 a year before it shot down Iran Air Flight 655
MEK Soldiers killed in Operation Mersad in 1988
Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad was erected to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers during the war.
Iranian Martyr Cemetery in Isfahan
Iranian Martyrs Museum in Tehran
An Iranian soldier's funeral in Mashhad, 2013
An Iraqi Mil Mi-24 on display at the military museum of Sa'dabad Palace in Iran
President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush work in the Oval Office of the White House, 20 July 1984.
USS Stark (FFG-31) listing following two hits by Exocet missiles.
Victims of the 1987 chemical attack on Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Damage to a mosque in Khoramshahr, Iran, the city that was invaded by Iraq in September 1980

The IRIAF was heavily involved in the Iran–Iraq War, carrying out major operations like Operation Kaman 99, Operation Sultan 10, the H-3 airstrike, and the first attack on a nuclear reactor in history, Operation Scorch Sword.

- Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force

The only qualms the Iraqis had were over the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (formerly the Imperial Iranian Air Force).

- Iran–Iraq War
Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army

11 related topics with Alpha

Overall

A U.S. Navy F-14D conducts a mission over the Persian Gulf-region in 2005.

Grumman F-14 Tomcat

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American carrier-capable supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.

American carrier-capable supersonic, twin-engine, two-seat, twin-tail, variable-sweep wing fighter aircraft.

A U.S. Navy F-14D conducts a mission over the Persian Gulf-region in 2005.
A U.S. Navy F-14D conducts a mission over the Persian Gulf region in 2005.
The F-111B was designed to fulfill the carrier-based interceptor role, but had weight and performance problems, and was not suited to the types of aerial combat that were predominant over Vietnam
Grumman's VFX entry was designed around the TF30 engine, AWG-9 radar and AIM-54 missile intended for the F-111B; this eventually became the F-14A
VFA-143 "Pukin Dogs" F-14B and F/A-18E Super Hornet in 2005
An F-14D launching an AIM-7 Sparrow; a GBU-10 Paveway II is also carried.
An F-14D(R) from VF-213 flying over Iraq on last Tomcat deployment with LANTIRN pod on starboard wing glove station and LGB underneath fuselage.
F-14 Tomcat with wings in asymmetric sweep during testing for this possible in-flight malfunction
Rear view of the F-14 showing the area between the engine nacelles
An F-14D prepares to refuel with probe extended.
F-14 with landing gear deployed
F-14 Tomcat carrying an AIM-120 AMRAAM during a 1982 test.
Two Iranian Tomcats equipped with multiple missiles, circa 1986, in the midst of a project to adapt I-Hawk surface-to-air missiles for F-14s
An F-14A of VF-84 Jolly Rogers, in a 1970s color scheme
An F-14A from VF-114 intercepting a Soviet Tu-95RT "Bear-D" maritime reconnaissance aircraft.
An F-14A of VF-32 during Operation Desert Storm with a KC-135 Stratotanker and two EA-6B Prowlers in the background
A Navy F-14D flying over the skies of Afghanistan on a precision bombing mission in November 2001.
The last F-14 launch from a carrier, USS Theodore Roosevelt on 28 July 2006
Iranian ace Jalil Zandi is credited with shooting down 11 Iraqi aircraft during the Iran–Iraq War, making him the highest scoring F-14 pilot.
Formation flight of Iranian Tomcats, 2008
Close-up view of the distinctive afterburner petals of the GE F110 engine
An upgraded F-14D(R) Tomcat with the ROVER transmit antenna circled with USS Theodore Roosevelt in the background
Grumman's proposed F-14 Interceptor for USAF Aerospace Defense Command in 1972 with the simulated "Buzz Code" and Aerospace Defense Command livery and emblem on the tail
F-14 Tomcat operators as of 2014 (former operators in red)
An IRIAF F-14 Tomcat landing at Mehrabad, Iran.
F-14A Tomcat of NFWS (TOPGUN) NAS Miramar c. 1993
Front view of an F-14A at Yokota Air Base, Tokyo, Japan, 2003
F-14A BuNo 162689 at the USS Hornet Museum in Alameda, California, 2009
An F-14A on display at Grumman Memorial Park in New York
F-14A BuNo 160661 on display at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center's Aviation Challenge facility in Huntsville, Alabama, 2009
YF-14A at the Cradle of Aviation Museum
F-14B at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum
F-14A of VF-84 "Jolly Rogers" at the Museum of Flight
Grumman F-14 Tomcat drawings
F-14A of VF 111 "Sundowners" (USS Carl Vinson)
F-14B from the VF-211 Fighting Checkmates carrying six AIM-54 Phoenix missiles.
Tomcat logo

In the 1980s, F-14s were used as land-based interceptors by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force during the Iran–Iraq War, where they saw combat against Iraqi warplanes.

A Spanish Air Force Mirage F1M

Dassault Mirage F1

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French fighter and attack aircraft designed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.

French fighter and attack aircraft designed and manufactured by Dassault Aviation.

A Spanish Air Force Mirage F1M
A Spanish Air Force Mirage F1M
Mirage F1 Escadron de chasse 1/5 Vendée.
Mirage F1C of EC 2/30 Normandie-Niemen at the 1975 Paris Air Show.
A pair of French Air Force Mirage F1Cs from the EC 2/30 and EC 3/30 in flight, 31 May 1986.
A multinational fighter formation, including, left to right, a Qatari F-1 Mirage, a French F-1C Mirage, a U.S. Air Force F-16C Fighting Falcon, a Canadian CF/A-18A Hornet and a Qatari Alpha Jet, during Operation Desert Shield
An Ecuadoran Mirage F1JA during the joint US/Ecuadoran exercise "Blue Horizon '86".
A Hellenic Air Force Mirage F1CG
Moroccan Mirage F1CH (2007).
A formation of four Mirage F1CZs, flying over Air Force Base Ysterplaat, circa 1982
A SAAF Mirage F1CZ performing an aerial display at Air Force Base Ysterplaat, Cape Town, circa 1982
Spanish Air Force F1M at Kecskeméti Repülőnap 2010.
A Mirage F1BD, believed to be the only twin-seat aircraft of the type remaining in Libyan service at that time, 2009
Underside view of a SAAF Mirage F1AZ flying overhead, 2002
A Mirage F1B performing a flight display at the 2008 Royal International Air Tattoo
A Spanish Mirage F1CE at RAF Coltishall, England, 1988
A Mirage F1ED of the Libyan Air Force, August 1981
A Jordanian Mirage F1EJ in formation with an American F-16 Fighting Falcon over Iraq, 1996
A formation of four Mirage F1CRs flying over Avenue des Champs-Élysées, Paris, 2006
A French Air Force Mirage F1CR at the 2009 Royal International Air Tattoo
A Mirage F1AZ at Air Force Base Swartkop, Gauteng, circa 1996
Aerosud Mirage F1
Mirage F1 operators, current (blue) and former (red)
Iranian Air Force Mirage F1BQ
Iraqi Air Force Mirage F1BQ
Jordanian Air Force Dassault Mirage F1EJ
Qatari Air Force Mirage F1EDA
Dassault Mirage F1 3-view drawings
Thomson CSF Cyrano IV radar unit
Assorted 125kg, 250kg, 500kg, and 1000kg bombs besides a Mirage F1

The type has seen action in a large number of armed conflicts involving several of its operators, including the Western Sahara War, the Paquisha War, the Cenepa War, the Iran–Iraq War, the Gulf War, the South African Border War, the War in Afghanistan, the Chadian–Libyan conflict, the 2011 military intervention in Libya, and the Northern Mali conflict.

Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force seized 24 F1BQs and F1EQs flown over from Iraq, during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. As of December 2021, 12 Mirage F1EQs and 5 Mirage F1BQs were in service.

A Soviet Air Force MiG-23MLD

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23

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Variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.

Variable-geometry fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union.

A Soviet Air Force MiG-23MLD
A Soviet Air Force MiG-23MLD
A Polish MiG-23MF
MiG-23 parked.
MiG-23M "Flogger-B" armed with R-23 and R-60 missiles.
MiG-23 cockpit in high resolution
KM-1 ejection seat
MiG-23 wing-sweep mechanism
MiG-23M
MiG-23 on display in Israel after defection from Syria
Iraqi MiG-23ML
Libyan MiG-23 over Gulf of Sidra in August 1981, being followed by an F-4 just before the first Gulf of Sidra incident.
Libyan MiG-23
A Hungarian MiG-23MF in flight.
MiG-23BN used in Operation Safed Sagar
MiG-23M "Flogger-B" on display at the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War, Kyiv
MiG-23ML 332 at the Information Centre for History and Technology, Peenemünde
Soviet MiG-23MLA "Flogger-G"
Soviet MiG-23MLD "Flogger-K"
World operators of the MiG-23 (not including evaluation-only operators)
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23MS Syrian Air Force Camo
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23UB.
Hungarian Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23MF.
An Indian MiG-23MF on display at a crossroads in Gandhinagar.
Polish Air Force MiG-23
Ukrainian MiG-23 on display at the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War, Kyiv
MiG-23 on display at the Minsk World theme park in Shenzhen, PRC.
3-view drawing of MiG-23MF
MiG-23 monument

The MiG-23 took part in the Iran–Iraq War and was used in both air-to-air and air-to-ground roles.

On 11 August, one of the new MiG-23MLs shot down the F-14 flown by IRIAF Colonel Hashem All-e-Agha with an R-60MK missile over the Persian Gulf.

McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II

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American tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed by McDonnell Aircraft for the United States Navy.

American tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed by McDonnell Aircraft for the United States Navy.

The McDonnell F3H-G/H mockup, 1954
Key figures in the F-4 development: David Lewis, Robert Little, and Herman Barkey
An F4H-1F aboard USS Independence (CV-62), April 1960
VF-74 was the first operational U.S. Navy Phantom squadron in 1961
Transcontinental "Operation LANA" in 1961
Cockpit of F-4 Phantom II
435th TFS F-4Ds over Vietnam
USAF F-4 Phantom II destroyed on 18 February 1968, during the enemy attack against Tan Son Nhut, during the Tet Offensive
USAFE F-4G, A-10A and RF-4C, 6 April 1987
A U.S. Navy F-4B from VF-111 dropping bombs over Vietnam, 25 November 1971
The Blue Angels flew the F-4J, 1969–1974
A U.S. Marine F-4B with VMFA-314, flies over South Vietnam in September 1968
Egyptian Air Force F-4E Phantom IIs of the 222nd Tactical Fighter Brigade in formation with a U.S. Air Force 347th Tactical Fighter Wing F-4E Phantom II during exercise Proud Phantom
McDonnell RF-4E Phantom II of the Luftwaffe's AKG52 unit in 1977
Hellenic Air Force RF-4E Phantom II in a special color scheme, lands at RIAT 2008, UK
Iranian F-4E Phantom refueling through a boom during Iran-Iraq war, 1982
An Israeli F-4E on static display in the Olga's Hill neighborhood of Hadera, Israel
JASDF F-4EJ Kais (57-8354 and 87-8407) of 8 Hikōtai in grey air superiority paint scheme, 2002
JASDF RF-4E Kai 57-6913 of 501 Hikōtai in 2017
South Korean F-4E, armed with an AGM-65 Maverick air-to-ground missile, 19 February 1979
Retired Turkish Air Force F-4E Phantom II, serial number 67-0360, housed at the Istanbul Aviation Museum
An F-4J of the U.S. Navy (foreground), alongside an F-4K of the Fleet Air Arm (background) wait to be catapulted from USS Independence (CV-62), March 1975; one of the major differences can be seen by the higher degree of the British aircraft's extendable nose wheel. Both variants were eventually used by the RAF
The Collings Foundation F-4D Phantom II, with Vietnam-era "Ritchie/DeBellevue" markings, taxis at Selfridge ANGB, May 2005
QF-4E AF Serial No. 74-1626 at McGuire AFB in May 2007 with an A-10 in the background
F-4Fs of the German Air Force, 21 January 1998
Iranian F-4Es, 2009
Spanish Air Force RF-4C Phantom II, 15 June 1993
An F-4F on display described as the "World's largest distributor of MiG parts", because of the high number of this type of enemy aircraft shot down
The Spook
3-side view of the F-4E/F
Structural view of partially disassembled German F-4 Phantoms.
A U.S. Marine Corps RF-4B in September 1982
F-4Gs over Bahrain during Operation Desert Shield
An F4E Phantom II aircraft with the Turkish Air Force takes off from Third Air Force Base Konya, Turkey, during Exercise Anatolian Eagle.
A RAAF F-4E Phantom II at RAAF Base Pearce in 1971

Israeli Phantoms saw extensive combat in several Arab–Israeli conflicts, while Iran used its large fleet of Phantoms, acquired before the fall of the Shah, in the Iran–Iraq War.

As of 2021, 63 years after its first flight, the F-4 remains in active service with the air forces of Iran, South Korea, Greece, and Turkey.

An F-5E of the Swiss Air Force

Northrop F-5

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Family of supersonic light fighter aircraft initially designed as a privately funded project in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.

Family of supersonic light fighter aircraft initially designed as a privately funded project in the late 1950s by Northrop Corporation.

An F-5E of the Swiss Air Force
The first Northrop YF-5A prototype
VNAF F-5C Bien Hoa Air Base, 1971
Official roll-out of first USAF F-5E Tiger II
F-5E Tiger II with B83 nuclear bomb at Hill Aerospace Museum
An early series F-5E
NASA F-5E modified for DARPA sonic boom tests
An F-5B of 602d TFS at Bien Hoa, 1966
USAF F-5F with AIM-9J Sidewinder, AGM-65 Maverick missiles and auxiliary fuel tanks over Edwards Air Force Base, 1976.
A former Swiss F-5N in service with U.S. Navy aggressor squadron VFC-111
F-5A Freedom Fighters of Imperial Iranian Air Force
An F-5E of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Northrop RF-5E Tigereye of the Royal Malaysian Air Force at RMAF Butterworth
Mexican Air Force F-5 Tiger flying near the Popocatepetl volcano
Royal Moroccan Air Force F-5 Tiger II
NF-5A air display in the skies over the island of Terschelling
Northrop F-5A(G) flight deck displayed in the Norwegian Armed Forces Aircraft Collection. Serial no. 208 (66-9208)
Philippine Air Force F-5A at Clark Air Base, c. 1982
A Maverick-armed F-5S Tiger II of Republic of Singapore Air Force on static display at Paya Lebar Air Base
A Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force F-5F Tiger II at Songshan Air base
Taiwan AIDC's Tiger 2000
An F-5C at Museum of Ho Chi Minh Campaign, Vietnam. This jet flown by South Vietnamese pilot Nguyen Thanh Trung, who defected to North Vietnam after bombing the presidential palace of South Vietnam in Saigon, on 8 April 1975.
RTAF F-5 and USAF F-15 in the background
A trio of USAF aggressor squadron F-5Es in formation
Brazilian variant F-5EM
Chilean F-5F Tiger II just after delivery in 1977
A Spanish F-5M Freedom Fighter at Dijon Air Base
Swiss F-5F with Ericson Vista 5 radar jammer
A Canadian CF-116
Iranian Azarakhsh
An Iranian Saeqeh
Northrop F-5 operators (former operators in red) as of 2020
Chile Air Force Northrop F-5E Tiger III
The 46th Tactical Fighter Squadron (Aggressor squadron) F-5E 5272 of Republic of China Air Force exhibited on the apron of Zhi-Hang Air Base
Kenya Air Force F-5E Tiger II and a USAF C-5 Galaxy in the background
Royal Moroccan Air Force F-5E Tiger II during an aerial refueling mission in exercise African Lion 2009
F-5E/F Tiger II of the Indonesian Air Force preserved at the Dirgantara Mandala Museum, Yogyakarta
Royal Saudi Air Force F-5F taking off
Philippine Air Force F-5
F-5E Tiger II of the Swiss Patrouille Suisse aerobatics team arrives for the 2014 Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England. Its '50' markings commemorates the team's 50 years of flying (1964–2014).
A Royal Thai Air Force Northrop F-5E Tiger II
NF-5A of the Turkish Stars aerobatic team.
A retired Royal Thai Air Force F-5B in front of wing 23 gate Udon Thani International Airport
Indonesian Air Force F-5E Tiger II of the Skadron Udara 14 at Dirgantara Mandala Museum Yogyakarta
F-5B in Royal Thai Air Force Museum, the first F-5B produced
RTAF F-5E at Royal Thai Air Force Museum
3-view drawing of F-5E Tiger II
M39A2 cannon in the right side of the nose of an F-5E
F-5 external fuel tank cutview
USMC F-5N Tiger IIs from VMFT-401 on standby at the Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort
A Brazilian Air Force F-5M
F-5 Tiger II of the Royal Malaysian Air Force
Norwegian Air Force F-5A
A Republic of Singapore Air Force F-5S Tiger II taking off from Korat Air Base
Venezuela Air Force Northrop (Canadair) VF-5A (CL-226)
A Bahraini Air Force F-5F on the taxiway at RAF Alconbury
A Canadian Air Force CF-116D
CF-5 of the Botswana Defence Force
A Honduran Air Force F-5E
Jordanian F-5E Tiger II
An Austrian Air Force F-5E Tiger II
A Hellenic Air Force F-5A
A South Korean Air Force KF-5E takes off
Turkish Air Force F-5B

After the Iranian revolution in 1979, the new Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) was partially successful at keeping Western fighters in service during the Iran–Iraq War in the 1980s and the simple F-5 had a good service readiness until late in the war.

The logo of the Imperial Iranian Air Force

History of Iranian military aviation

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The logo of the Imperial Iranian Air Force
Eight major officers of the IIAF, in the 1930s.
An F-86 Sabre from the Golden Crown aerobatic display team, of the Imperial Iranian Air Force.
CH-47C Chinook of the Imperial Iranian Air Force at Issy heliport, Paris, in 1971.
The first F-4D Phantom II squadron of Iran, 1971.
Two F-14 Tomcats equipped with multiple missiles, circa 1986
The first squadron of Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force F-14 Tomcat pilots, at Shiraz Air Base.
Iranian Air Force MiG-29UB
IRIAF Northrop F-5A Freedom Fighter
HESA Azarakhsh.
A Boeing 707 of the Imperial Iranian Air Force refuels a Boeing 747 of the IIAF.

The history of the Iranian Air Force, currently known as the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, can be divided into two phases—before the Islamic Revolution, and after it.

After the 1979 Iranian revolution, some of these planes were not in working order due to a lack of necessary spare parts, because of an American arms embargo and damage sustained on the aircraft during the Iraqi invasion (Iran–Iraq War).

Iraqi Air Force badge

Iraqi Air Force

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Aerial warfare service branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces.

Aerial warfare service branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces.

Iraqi Air Force badge
Some Iraqi SM.79Bs
An Iraqi Air Force De Havilland Vampire FB.52, before delivery in 1953
USS Stark listing following two hits by Iraqi Exocet missiles
An Iraqi MiG-29 aircraft lies in ruins after it was destroyed by coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Storm.
An Iraqi MiG-25 Foxbat found buried under the sand west of Baghdad.
A U.S. Airman conducts post-flight checks on an IQAF C-130 Hercules.
An Iraqi Air Force Commander at an F-16 training session in Arizona.
An Iraqi Air Force T-6A Texan II
Night flying certification for the UH-1 crews of the Iraqi 2nd Squadron
Iraqi Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon flies over an undisclosed location July 18, 2019
An Iraqi Cessna 208 on a training mission
Iraqi C-130 on take off

The air force's peak came after the long Iran–Iraq War, which ended in 1988, when it consisted of 1029 aircraft of all types (of which 550 were combat aircraft), becoming the largest air force in the region.

On the first day of the war, formations of Tu-16/22s, Su-20s, MiG-23s and MiG-21s, for a total of 166–192 aircraft, performed surprise airstrikes on 10 airbases of the Iranian Air Force, succeeding in destroying a large of number of fighter-bomber aircraft on the ground, but not enough to knock the Iranian Air Force out.

H-3 "Main" Airbase

H-3 airstrike

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H-3 "Main" Airbase
Map of the operation, showing the aircraft involved and their route.

The H-3 airstrike was a surprise air attack by the Iranian Air Force during the Iran–Iraq War on 4 April 1981 against the airbases of the Iraqi Air Force at the H-3 Air Base in western Iraq.

Unofficial map displaying the general course of the Iranian aerial operation

Operation Scorch Sword

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Unofficial map displaying the general course of the Iranian aerial operation
an Iranian F-4 being refueled over Iraq's airspace during the war, 1982

Operation Scorch Sword was a surprise airstrike, carried out by the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force on 30 September 1980, that damaged an almost-complete nuclear reactor located 17 km southeast of Baghdad, Iraq.

The operation took place eight days into the Iran–Iraq War.

Operation Kaman 99

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Operation Alborz, more commonly known by the code-name Operation Kaman 99 (عملیات کمان 99), was an operation launched by the Iranian Air Force in retaliation to Iraqi surprise aerial attacks on Iran the day before which marked the beginning of the 8-year-long Iran–Iraq War.