Operation Ramadan, Map. Iraq in yellow.
A Mi-24W of the Polish Land Forces
Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army
Mil Mi-24A
Meeting of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Houari Boumédiène and Saddam Hussein (left to right) during the Algiers Agreement in 1975.
Russian Air Force Mil Mi-24P
Ruhollah Khomeini rose to power after the Iranian Revolution.
Russian Air Force Mi-35М
Location of Khuzestan Province in Iran which Iraq planned to annex
Mi-24D cockpit
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr, who was also commander-in-chief, on a Jeep-mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gun. Banisadr was impeached in June 1981.
Mi-35M with the OPS-24N survey and sighting system together with the gyrostabilized OLS GOES-324
The Shatt al-Arab on the Iran–Iraq border
U.S. operated Mi-24P Hind-F
Destroyed Iranian C-47 Skytrain
Mi-24 SuperHind, a modernized Hind by the South African firm ATE. At the Ysterplaat Airshow 2006.
Iranian F-14A Tomcats equipped with AIM-54A, AIM-7 and AIM-9 missiles.
Front view of a Soviet Mi-24 HIND E ground-attack helicopter
Resistance of the outnumbered and outgunned Iranians in Khorramshahr slowed the Iraqis for a month.
Soviet "Helicopter-tank" operation in Afghanistan
Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront
Mil Mi-24/25
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Massoud Rajavi, the leader of MEK and the National Resistance Council of Iran (NCRI) in 1988.
Mi-24 during "Centre 2019" exercise
The surprise attack on H-3 airbase is considered to be one of the most sophisticated air operations of the war.
Two Mil Mi-35 Hind helicopters during a training sortie over southern Afghanistan, 4 October 2009. U.S. Airmen with the 438th Air Expeditionary Training Group.
Iranian soldier holding an IV bag during the Iran–Iraq War
An Iraqi Mil Mi-25, brought down during the Iran–Iraq War, on display at a military museum in Tehran.
Iranian Northrop F-5 aircraft during Iran-Iraq war
An Iraqi Mi-25 Hind-D, captured during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
Iraqi T-62 tank wreckage in Khuzestan Province, Iran
Macedonian Mi-24V
Iraqi soldiers surrendering after the Liberation of Khorramshahr
An Afghan Air Force Mi-35 over Kandahar, 2009
Saddam Hussein in 1982
An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran–Iraq War. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavoured by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
Brazilian Air Force Mi-35M
95,000 Iranian child soldiers were made casualties during the Iran–Iraq War, mostly between the ages of 16 and 17, with a few younger.
A Bulgarian Air Force Mi-24 in flight
Furthest ground gains
A Czech Air Force Mi-24
Iranian POWs in 1983 near Tikrit, Iraq
Georgian Air Force Mi-24
Iranian child soldier
Hungarian Mi-24
Iraqi POW who was shot by Iranian troops after they conquered the Iraqi Majnoon oil field in October 1984
Indonesian Army Mi-35P
Iranian troops fire 152 mm D-20 howitzer
Peruvian Air Force Mi-25D
Battle of the Marshes Iran front 1983 rest after exchange of fire 152 mm D-20 H
A Russian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort (21 October 1987)
Serbian Mil Mi-35M during Sadejstvo 2020 military exercise
A map indicating the attacks on civilian areas of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait targeted during the "War of the Cities".
A Ukrainian Mi-24
Iraqi commanders discussing strategy on the battlefront (1986)
Vietnam People's Air Force Mi-24
Iranian President Ali Khamenei on the battlefront during the Iran–Iraq War
Orthographic projection of the Mil Mi-24.
Operation Dawn 8 during which Iran captured the Faw Peninsula.
Cabin door to the rear troop-utility compartment
Iranian soldier killed during the Iran–Iraq War with Rouhollah Khomeini's photo on his uniform
Possible armament configuration on Mi-24W
The People's Mujahedin of Iran, supported by Saddam, started a ten-day operation after both the Iranian and Iraqi governments accepted UN Resolution 598. Casualty estimates range from 2,000 to 10,000.
Yakushev-Borzov YakB-12.7 machine gun
Adnan Khairallah, Iraqi Defense Minister, meeting with Iraqi soldiers during the war
IRGC navy speedboats using swarm tactics
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran–Iraq War.
The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after being hit by 20 U.S. air launched missiles and bombs, killing a third of the crew, April 1988
Iranian soldiers captured during Iraq's 1988 offensives
USS Vincennes in 1987 a year before it shot down Iran Air Flight 655
MEK Soldiers killed in Operation Mersad in 1988
Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad was erected to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers during the war.
Iranian Martyr Cemetery in Isfahan
Iranian Martyrs Museum in Tehran
An Iranian soldier's funeral in Mashhad, 2013
An Iraqi Mil Mi-24 on display at the military museum of Sa'dabad Palace in Iran
President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush work in the Oval Office of the White House, 20 July 1984.
USS Stark (FFG-31) listing following two hits by Exocet missiles.
Victims of the 1987 chemical attack on Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Damage to a mosque in Khoramshahr, Iran, the city that was invaded by Iraq in September 1980

Operation Ramadan was an Iranian offensive in the Iran–Iraq War that consisted of three separate attacks that lasted for 6 weeks.

- Operation Ramadan

The Iraqis used their Mi-25 helicopters, along with Gazelle helicopters armed with HOT missiles against columns of Iranian mechanised infantry and tanks.

- Operation Ramadan

The Mi-25 saw considerable use by the Iraqi Army during the long war against Iran.

- Mil Mi-24

These tactics proved effective in halting Iranian offensives, such as Operation Ramadan in July 1982.

- Mil Mi-24

Iraq used newly acquired T-55, T-62 and T-72 tanks (as well as Chinese copies), BM-21 truck-mounted rocket launchers, and Mi-24 helicopter gunships to prepare a Soviet-type three-line defence, replete with obstacles such as barbed wire, minefields, fortified positions and bunkers.

- Iran–Iraq War

Called Operation Ramadan, it involved over 180,000 troops from both sides, and was one of the largest land battles since World War II.

- Iran–Iraq War
Operation Ramadan, Map. Iraq in yellow.

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