A report on IranKuwaitSaudi Arabia and Iran–Iraq War

Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army
Meeting of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Houari Boumédiène and Saddam Hussein (left to right) during the Algiers Agreement in 1975.
Inscription of Ardeshir Babakan (r. 224–242) in Naqsh-e Rostam: "This is the figure of Mazdaworshiper, the lord Ardashir, Shahanshah of Iran..."
Ancient coins found on Failaka Island.
Ruhollah Khomeini rose to power after the Iranian Revolution.
Anthropomorphic stela (4th millennium BC), sandstone, 57x27 cm, from El-Maakir-Qaryat al-Kaafa (National Museum of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh)
Location of Khuzestan Province in Iran which Iraq planned to annex
An Ashrafi Coin of Nader Shah (r. 1736–1747), reverse:"Coined on gold the word of kingdom in the world, Nader of Greater Iran and the world-conquerer king."
Marine Museum in Kuwait City. Demonstrates the founding of Kuwait as a sea port for merchants.
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr, who was also commander-in-chief, on a Jeep-mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gun. Banisadr was impeached in June 1981.
A cave painting in Doushe cave, Lorestan, from the 8th millennium BC
The Basra Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in 1897. After the Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913, Kuwait was established as an autonomous kaza, or district, of the Ottoman Empire and a de facto protectorate of Great Britain
The "Worshipping Servant" statue (2500 BC), above 1 m in height, is much taller than any possible Mesopotamian or Harappan models. Photo courtesy of the National Museum of Korea.
The Shatt al-Arab on the Iran–Iraq border
A bas-relief at Persepolis, depicting the united Medes and Persians
Unofficial map of Kuwait in 1803 according to Scottish geographer and cartographer Alexander Keith Johnston
Qaṣr Al-Farīd, the largest of the 131 rock-cut monumental tombs built from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD, with their elaborately ornamented façades, at the extensive ancient Nabatean archaeological site of Hegra located in the area of Al-'Ula within Al Madinah Region in the Hejaz. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2008.
Destroyed Iranian C-47 Skytrain
Tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire, in Pasargadae
The Kuwait Red Fort in Al Jahra
Colossal statue from Al-'Ula in the Hejaz (6th–4th century BC), it followed the standardized artistic sculpting of the Lihyanite kingdom, the original statue was painted with white
Iranian F-14A Tomcats equipped with AIM-54A, AIM-7 and AIM-9 missiles.
The Achaemenid Empire (550 BC–330 BC) around the time of Darius the Great and Xerxes I
Celebration at Seif Palace in 1944
At its greatest extent, the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) covered 11100000 km2 and 62 million people (29 per cent of the world's population), making it one of the largest empires in history in both area and proportion of the world's population. It was also larger than any previous empire in history.
Resistance of the outnumbered and outgunned Iranians in Khorramshahr slowed the Iraqis for a month.
The Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD) in 94 BC at its greatest extent, during the reign of Mithridates II
HMS Victorious taking part in Operation Vantage in July 1961
The Battle of Badr, 13 March 624 CE
Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront
Tomb of Hafez, a medieval Persian poet whose works are regarded as a pinnacle in Persian literature and have left a considerable mark on later Western writers, most notably Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Henry David Thoreau, and Emerson
Kuwaiti oil fires set by retreating Iraqi forces in 1991.
Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the founding father and first king of Saudi Arabia
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Massoud Rajavi, the leader of MEK and the National Resistance Council of Iran (NCRI) in 1988.
Venetian portrait, kept at the Uffizi, of Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid Empire
Kuwait Towers
Political map of Saudi Arabia
The surprise attack on H-3 airbase is considered to be one of the most sophisticated air operations of the war.
A portrait of AbbasI, the powerful, pragmatic Safavid ruler who reinforced Iran's military, political, and economic power
A satellite image of Kuwait reveals its desert topography.
Map of Saudi Arabian administrative regions and roadways
Iranian soldier holding an IV bag during the Iran–Iraq War
Statue of Nader Shah, the first Afsharid ruler of Iran, at his Tomb
Kuwait shares land borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia, and maritime borders with Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.
Map of oil and gas pipelines in the Middle-East
Iranian Northrop F-5 aircraft during Iran-Iraq war
A map showing the 19th-century northwestern borders of Iran, comprising modern-day eastern Georgia, Dagestan, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan, before being ceded to the neighboring Russian Empire by the Russo-Iranian wars
The Kuwait National Assembly is the unicameral legislature of Kuwait.
King Fahd with US President Ronald Reagan and future US President Donald Trump in 1985. The US and Saudi Arabia supplied money and arms to the anti-Soviet mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan.
Iraqi T-62 tank wreckage in Khuzestan Province, Iran
The first national Iranian Parliament was established in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution
The Seif Palace, the original seat of the Government of Kuwait.
As many as 500 princes, government ministers, and business people, including Prince Fahd bin Abdullah, were arrested by Saudi Arabian authorities as part of the 2017 Saudi Arabian purge
Iraqi soldiers surrendering after the Liberation of Khorramshahr
Reza Shah, the first Pahlavi king of Iran, in military uniform
Kuwait's then Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Sheikh Mohammad Al Khalid Al Sabah with then US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis in 2017.
Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al ash-Sheikh with Bogdan Borusewicz in the Polish Senate, 26 May 2014
Saddam Hussein in 1982
The Allied "Big Three" at the 1943 Tehran Conference.
Al Hamra Tower is the tallest sculpted tower in the world.
Verses from the Quran. The Quran is the official constitution of the country and a primary source of law. Saudi Arabia is unique in enshrining a religious text as a political document.
An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran–Iraq War. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavoured by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Imperial Family during the coronation ceremony of the Shah of Iran in 1967.
A proportional representation of Kuwait exports, 2019
U.S. President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and the President of Egypt, Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, 21 May 2017
95,000 Iranian child soldiers were made casualties during the Iran–Iraq War, mostly between the ages of 16 and 17, with a few younger.
Ruhollah Khomeini's return to Iran on 1February 1979
Prototype of the Kuwait Space Rocket
U.S. President Barack Obama meets King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, July 2014
Furthest ground gains
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask on the front-line during the Iran–Iraq War
A highway in Kuwait City.
Faisal Mosque in Islamabad is named after a Saudi king. The kingdom is a strong ally of Pakistan. WikiLeaks claimed that Saudis are "long accustomed to having a significant role in Pakistan's affairs".
Iranian POWs in 1983 near Tikrit, Iraq
The Green Movement's Silent Demonstration during the 2009–10 Iranian election protests
Kuwaiti youth celebrating Kuwait's independence and liberation, 2011.
Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir with then British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson (now Prime Minister) in London, 16 October 2016
Iranian child soldier
The 2017–18 Iranian protests were initiated on 31 December 2017 and continued for months.
Holy Family Co-Cathedral
Major Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict locations
Iraqi POW who was shot by Iranian troops after they conquered the Iraqi Majnoon oil field in October 1984
Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point, is located in Amol, Mazenderan.
A theatrical play titled "Fateh Masr" at Al Mubarikya school in the 1940s.
Flag of Al-Qaeda, a transnational terrorist group formed by Osama bin Laden, a Saudi Arabian national of Yemeni and Syrian extraction who was stripped of his Saudi passport in 1994.
Iranian troops fire 152 mm D-20 howitzer
Persian leopard, listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Machboos
"The Saudi pilots training in Italy 1935"—a scene from 'Our Eagles', one of four video wall shows made for the Royal Saudi Air Force Museum
Battle of the Marshes Iran front 1983 rest after exchange of fire 152 mm D-20 H
Iran's most populated cities (2010)
Tareq Rajab Museum
Saudi soldiers from the First Airborne Brigade.
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort (21 October 1987)
Iran's syncretic political system combines elements of an Islamic theocracy with vetted democracy.
The 372 m tall Kuwait Telecommunications Tower (left) is the main communication tower of Kuwait.
Deera Square, central Riyadh. It is a former site of public be-headings.
A map indicating the attacks on civilian areas of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait targeted during the "War of the Cities".
Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, meeting with his counterpart, China's paramount leader Xi Jinping on 23 January 2016. Iran and China are strategic allies.
Spectators at a local football match.
Saudi Arabia topography
Iraqi commanders discussing strategy on the battlefront (1986)
Ali Khamenei voting in the 2017 presidential election
The Achaemenid Empire at its greatest territorial extent.
Harrat Khaybar seen from the International Space Station. Saudi Arabia is home to more than 2000 dormant volcanoes. Lava fields in Hejaz, known locally by their Arabic name of harrat (the singular is harrah), form one of Earth's largest alkali basalt regions, covering some 180000 km2, an area greater than the state of Missouri.
Iranian President Ali Khamenei on the battlefront during the Iran–Iraq War
Iranian former President Hassan Rouhani meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Iran and Russia are strategic allies.
The Seleucid Empire at its greatest extent.
A proportional representation of Saudi Arabia exports, 2019
Operation Dawn 8 during which Iran captured the Faw Peninsula.
The Islamic Consultative Assembly, also known as the Iranian Parliament
Office of Saudi Aramco, the world's most valuable company and the main source of revenue for the state
Iranian soldier killed during the Iran–Iraq War with Rouhollah Khomeini's photo on his uniform
The hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims.
The People's Mujahedin of Iran, supported by Saddam, started a ten-day operation after both the Iranian and Iraqi governments accepted UN Resolution 598. Casualty estimates range from 2,000 to 10,000.
Protest against U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel. Tehran, 11 December 2017.
King Abdullah Financial Center is one of the largest investment centres in the Middle East, located in Riyadh
Adnan Khairallah, Iraqi Defense Minister, meeting with Iraqi soldiers during the war
Sophisticated indigenous long range missile system Bavar-373 paraded in Tehran.
Al-Hasa is known for its palm trees and dates. Al-Hasa has over 30 million palm trees which produce over 100 thousand tons of dates every year.
IRGC navy speedboats using swarm tactics
Iran's provinces by their contribution to national GDP (2014)
Saudi Arabia population density (people per km2)
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran–Iraq War.
Historical GDP per capita development
Laboratory buildings at KAUST
The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after being hit by 20 U.S. air launched missiles and bombs, killing a third of the crew, April 1988
A proportional representation of Iran exports, 2019
The Al-Yamamah Private University in Riyadh
Iranian soldiers captured during Iraq's 1988 offensives
More than a million tourists visit Kish Island each year.
UIS literacy rate Saudi Arabia population, 15 plus, 1990–2015
USS Vincennes in 1987 a year before it shot down Iran Air Flight 655
Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas. It is OPEC's second largest exporter and the world's 7th largest oil producer.
Historical development of life expectancy in Saudi Arabia
MEK Soldiers killed in Operation Mersad in 1988
Literacy rate of Iran's population plus 15, 1975–2015, according to UNESCO Institute of Statistics
Supplicating pilgrim at Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām (The Sacred Mosque) in Mecca. The Kaaba is the cubic building in front of the pilgrim.
Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad was erected to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers during the war.
Sharif University of Technology is one of Iran's most prestigious higher education institutions.
Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the Islamic holy city of Mecca
Iranian Martyr Cemetery in Isfahan
The production line for AryoSeven at the Iranian biopharmaceutical company of AryoGen
Sarah Attar is a track and field athlete who competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics as one of the first two female Olympians representing Saudi Arabia.
Iranian Martyrs Museum in Tehran
Simorgh launch, Iranian Space Agency
The Masjid al-Haram is the holiest Islamic site, located in Mecca
An Iranian soldier's funeral in Mashhad, 2013
Iran's population growth (1880–2016)
The Mosque of the Prophet in Medina containing the tomb of Muhammad
An Iraqi Mil Mi-24 on display at the military museum of Sa'dabad Palace in Iran
Iran's provinces by population density (2013)
King Abdullah practising falconry, a traditional pursuit in the country
President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush work in the Oval Office of the White House, 20 July 1984.
Iron Age gold cup from Marlik, kept at New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art
Arabic coffee is a traditional beverage in Arabian cuisine
USS Stark (FFG-31) listing following two hits by Exocet missiles.
Kamal-ol-Molk's Mirror Hall, often considered a starting point in Iranian modern art
Uruguay – Saudi Arabia match at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Victims of the 1987 chemical attack on Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Tomb of the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of Šāhnāme, the classical Persian composition of the Iranian national epics, in Tus
The 3000-year-old ancient historical city of Dumat al-Jandal in Al Jawf Province
Damage to a mosque in Khoramshahr, Iran, the city that was invaded by Iraq in September 1980
Zoroaster, the founder of Zoroastrianism, depicted on Raphael's The School of Athens
The old city of Jeddah
Karna, an ancient Iranian musical instrument from the 6th century BC, kept at the Persepolis Museum
Jabal Sawda ({{convert|3000|m|ft|abbr=on|disp=or}}) located in the 'Asir subrange of the Sarat Mountains
The Roudaki Hall, constructed between 1957 and 1967 in Tehran
Abha City, located {{convert|2270|m|ft|abbr=on}} above sea level in the 'Asir Region
Reproduction of the 3rd-millennium BC goblet from southeastern Iran, possibly the world's oldest example of animation.
Beach promenade in Al-Wajh
Abbas Kiarostami (1940–2016), an acclaimed Iranian film director
Dhi 'ain village located in Al Bahah Province
Behrouz Vossoughi, a well-known Iranian actor who has appeared in more than 90 films
The desert of Al-Rub' Al-Khali (The Empty Quarter)
Haft-Seen, a customary of Nowruz, the Iranian New Year
Saad Khader from left and right Mohammad Al-Ali in 1979
Chelow kabab (rice and kebab), one of Iran's national dishes
Skiers at the Dizin Ski Resort
The Azadi Stadium in Tehran is West Asia's largest football stadium.
Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, meeting with his counterpart, China's paramount leader Xi Jinping on 23 January 2016. Iran and China are strategic allies.
An Iranian tea tray served near Garden of Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam in Nishapur

The Iran–Iraq War (الحرب الإيرانية العراقية) was a protracted armed conflict that began on 22 September 1980 with a full-scale invasion of Iran by neighbouring Iraq.

- Iran–Iraq War

It is situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, bordering Iraq to the north and Saudi Arabia to the south.

- Kuwait

It covers an area of 1648195 km2, making it the fourth-largest country entirely in Asia and the second-largest country in Western Asia behind Saudi Arabia.

- Iran

Kuwait also shares maritime borders with Iran.

- Kuwait

It is bordered by the Red Sea to the west; Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north; the Persian Gulf, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to the east; Oman to the southeast; and Yemen to the south.

- Saudi Arabia

At its greatest extent, the Achaemenid Empire included territories of modern-day Iran, Republic of Azerbaijan (Arran and Shirvan), Armenia, Georgia, Turkey (Anatolia), much of the Black Sea coastal regions, northeastern Greece and southern Bulgaria (Thrace), northern Greece and North Macedonia (Paeonia and Macedon), Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territories, all significant population centers of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya, Kuwait, northern Saudi Arabia, parts of the United Arab Emirates and Oman, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and much of Central Asia, making it the largest empire the world had yet seen.

- Iran

In the 1980s, Saudi Arabia spent $25 billion in support of Saddam Hussein in the Iran–Iraq War; however, Saudi Arabia condemned the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and asked the US to intervene.

- Saudi Arabia

On 22 September 1980, the Iraqi army invaded the western Iranian province of Khuzestan, initiating the Iran–Iraq War.

- Iran

During the Iran–Iraq War, Kuwait supported Iraq.

- Kuwait

The consequences of the 2003 invasion and the Arab Spring led to increasing alarm within the Saudi monarchy over the rise of Iran's influence in the region.

- Saudi Arabia

Iraq's main financial backers were the oil-rich Persian Gulf states, most notably Saudi Arabia ($30.9 billion), Kuwait ($8.2 billion), and the United Arab Emirates ($8 billion).

- Iran–Iraq War

2 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Iraq

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Country in Western Asia.

Country in Western Asia.

Inside the Shanidar Cave, where the remains of eight adults and two infant Neanderthals, dating from around 65,000–35,000 years ago were found.
Map of the Akkadian Empire and the directions in which military campaigns were conducted (yellow arrows). The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient empire of Mesopotamia after the long-lived civilization of Sumer
Bronze head of an Akkadian ruler from Nineveh, presumably depicting either Sargon of Akkad, or Sargon's grandson Naram-Sin
Hammurabi, depicted as receiving his royal insignia from Shamash. Relief on the upper part of the stele of Hammurabi's code of laws.
Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire under Shalmaneser III (dark green) and Esarhaddon (light green)
Jehu, king of Israel, bows before Shalmaneser III of Assyria, 825 BC.
Lamassu from the Assyrian gallery at the Iraq Museum, Baghdad
The Neo-Babylonian Empire under Nabonidus (r. 626–539 BC)
A partial view of the ruins of Babylon.
Roman amphitheater in Sulaymaniyah.
Al-Hariri of Basra was a poet, high government official and scholar of the Arabic language, He is known for his Maqamat al-Hariri (‘'Assemblies of Hariri'’), a collection of some 50 stories written in the Maqama style. Al-Hariri's best known work, Maqamat has been regarded as the greatest treasure in Arabic literature.
The siege of Baghdad by the Mongols.
Conquest of Mosul (Nineveh) by Mustafa Pasha in 1631, a Turkish soldier in the foreground holding a severed head. L., C. (Stecher) 1631 -1650
Crowning of King Faisal II of Iraq in the Council of Representatives, 1953
Nuri Said (1888 - 1958), contributed to the establishment of the Kingdom of Iraq and the armed forces while also served as the Prime minister of the state.
Iraq state emblem under nationalist Qasim was mostly based on Mesopotamian symbol of Shamash, and avoided pan-Arab symbolism by incorporating elements of Socialist heraldry.
The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein's statue by US Army troops in Firdos Square in Baghdad shortly after the US-led invasion.
Destroyed Lion of Babylon tank on Highway 9 outside Najaf during US-led invasion in 2003.
An Iraqi Army Aviation Command aerial gunner prepares to test fire his M240 machine gun, Near Baghdad International Airport, 2011
Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC) at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, provides command and control of air power throughout Iraq and Syria.
Pro-independence rally in Iraqi Kurdistan in 2017. The Kurdistan Regional Government announced it would respect the Supreme Federal Court's ruling that no Iraqi province is allowed to secede.
Protest in Baghdad in November 2019. The protests were the largest incident of civil unrest Iraq has experienced since the 2003 invasion.
Cheekha Dar, highest point in Iraq.
Iraq Köppen climate classification map.
The Asiatic lion has remained a prominent symbol of the country throughout history.
Baghdad Convention Center, the current meeting place of the Council of Representatives of Iraq.
View over Green Zone, which contains governmental headquarters and the army, in addition to containing the headquarters of the American embassy and the headquarters of foreign organizations and agencies for other countries.
US President Donald Trump with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in 2017.
Administrative districts of Iraq
Historical GDP per capita development
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people.
Mosul Museum is the second largest museum in Iraq after the Iraq Museum in Baghdad. It contains ancient Mesopotamian artifacts.
Supertankers at the Basra Oil Terminal
Mosul Dam Lake
Lake Dukan
Children in a village in Sulaymaniyah.
Imam Hussein Shrine in Karbala
Mor Mattai Monastery (Dayro d-Mor Mattai) in, Bartella, Nineveh, Iraq. It is recognized as one of the oldest Christian monasteries in existence and is famous for its magnificent library and considerable collection of Syriac Christian manuscripts
Saddam Hussein Promoting women's literacy and education in the 1970s
University students in Iraq, 2016
Al-Mutanabi, regarded as one of the greatest, most prominent and influential poets in the Arabic language, much of his work has been translated into over 20 languages worldwide
Wasiti's illustrations served as an inspiration for the modern Baghdad art movement in the 20th-century.
Zaha Hadid (1950–2016), an acclaimed architect.
Facade of Temple at Hatra, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
The Queen's gold lyre from the Royal Cemetery at Ur. Iraq Museum, Baghdad.
Masgouf, a popular Iraqi dish.
Madina Stadium in Baghdad is Iraq's first-ever stadium solar power plant, and the second in the Middle East of its kind.
Iraq wall det 2003.
A partial view of the ruins of Babylon.
The siege of Baghdad by the Mongols.
Sunni Arabs
Shiite Arabs
Sunni Kurds
Assyrians
Yazidis
Turkmen

It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, the Persian Gulf and Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

In 1980, Iraq invaded Iran, sparking a protracted war which would last for almost eight years, and end in a stalemate with devastating losses for both countries.

Persian Gulf from space

Persian Gulf

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Mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

Mediterranean sea in Western Asia.

Persian Gulf from space
360px
Map of the Persian Gulf. The Gulf of Oman leads to the Arabian Sea. Detail from [[:File:MiddleEast.png|larger map of the Middle East]].
A historical map of the Persian Gulf in a Dubai museum with the word Persian removed
Picture depicting extent of early civilizations around the Persian Gulf, including Lackhmids and Sassanids.
Picture depicting the Achaemenid Persian empire in relation to the Persian Gulf.
A painting depicting the British Expeditionary Force off the coast of Ras Al Khaimah in 1809.
The Portuguese Castle on Hormuz Island (Gaspar Correia. "Lendas da Índia", c. 1556)
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort in October 1987
Oil and gas pipelines and fields
Khasab, Musandam, Oman
Dubai, UAE
Abu Dhabi, UAE
Doha, Qatar
Manama, Bahrain
Khobar, Saudi Arabia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Al-Faw, Iraq
Bandar Abbas, Iran
Dugong mother and her offspring in shallow water
Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins off the southern shore of Iran, around Hengam Island
Spinner dolphins leaping in the Persian gulf
Critically endangered Arabian humpback whales (being the most isolated, and the only resident population in the world) off Dhofar, Oman
Palm and sunset in Minoo Island

The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.

Its length is 989 km, with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast.

Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, an island nation; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.

The Persian Gulf was a battlefield of the 1980–1988 Iran–Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers.