A report on Iran and Iran–Iraq War

Top-left to bottom-right: Iranian child soldier on the frontlines

Iranian soldier in a trench wearing a gas mask to guard against Iraqi chemical attacks

Port quarter view of the USS Stark listing to port after being mistakenly struck by an Iraqi warplane

Pro-Iraq MEK forces killed during Iran's Operation Mersad

Iraqi prisoners of war after the recapture of Khorramshahr by Iranian forces

ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun being used by the Iranian Army
Meeting of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Houari Boumédiène and Saddam Hussein (left to right) during the Algiers Agreement in 1975.
Inscription of Ardeshir Babakan (r. 224–242) in Naqsh-e Rostam: "This is the figure of Mazdaworshiper, the lord Ardashir, Shahanshah of Iran..."
Ruhollah Khomeini rose to power after the Iranian Revolution.
Location of Khuzestan Province in Iran which Iraq planned to annex
An Ashrafi Coin of Nader Shah (r. 1736–1747), reverse:"Coined on gold the word of kingdom in the world, Nader of Greater Iran and the world-conquerer king."
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr, who was also commander-in-chief, on a Jeep-mounted 106mm recoilless anti-tank gun. Banisadr was impeached in June 1981.
A cave painting in Doushe cave, Lorestan, from the 8th millennium BC
The Shatt al-Arab on the Iran–Iraq border
A bas-relief at Persepolis, depicting the united Medes and Persians
Destroyed Iranian C-47 Skytrain
Tomb of Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Empire, in Pasargadae
Iranian F-14A Tomcats equipped with AIM-54A, AIM-7 and AIM-9 missiles.
The Achaemenid Empire (550 BC–330 BC) around the time of Darius the Great and Xerxes I
Resistance of the outnumbered and outgunned Iranians in Khorramshahr slowed the Iraqis for a month.
The Parthian Empire (247 BC–224 AD) in 94 BC at its greatest extent, during the reign of Mithridates II
Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront
Tomb of Hafez, a medieval Persian poet whose works are regarded as a pinnacle in Persian literature and have left a considerable mark on later Western writers, most notably Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Henry David Thoreau, and Emerson
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Massoud Rajavi, the leader of MEK and the National Resistance Council of Iran (NCRI) in 1988.
Venetian portrait, kept at the Uffizi, of Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid Empire
The surprise attack on H-3 airbase is considered to be one of the most sophisticated air operations of the war.
A portrait of AbbasI, the powerful, pragmatic Safavid ruler who reinforced Iran's military, political, and economic power
Iranian soldier holding an IV bag during the Iran–Iraq War
Statue of Nader Shah, the first Afsharid ruler of Iran, at his Tomb
Iranian Northrop F-5 aircraft during Iran-Iraq war
A map showing the 19th-century northwestern borders of Iran, comprising modern-day eastern Georgia, Dagestan, Armenia, and the Republic of Azerbaijan, before being ceded to the neighboring Russian Empire by the Russo-Iranian wars
Iraqi T-62 tank wreckage in Khuzestan Province, Iran
The first national Iranian Parliament was established in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution
Iraqi soldiers surrendering after the Liberation of Khorramshahr
Reza Shah, the first Pahlavi king of Iran, in military uniform
Saddam Hussein in 1982
The Allied "Big Three" at the 1943 Tehran Conference.
An admonitory declaration issued from the Iraqi government in order to warn Iranian troops in the Iran–Iraq War. The statement says: "Hey Iranians! No one has been downtrodden in the country where Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib, Husayn ibn Ali and Abbas ibn Ali are buried. Iraq has undoubtedly been an honorable country. All refugees are precious. Anyone who wants to live in exile can choose Iraq freely. We, the Sons of Iraq, have been ambushing foreign aggressors. The enemies who plan to assault Iraq will be disfavoured by God in this world and the hereafter. Be careful of attacking Iraq and Ali ibn Abi Ṭālib! If you surrender, you might be in peace."
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and the Imperial Family during the coronation ceremony of the Shah of Iran in 1967.
95,000 Iranian child soldiers were made casualties during the Iran–Iraq War, mostly between the ages of 16 and 17, with a few younger.
Ruhollah Khomeini's return to Iran on 1February 1979
Furthest ground gains
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask on the front-line during the Iran–Iraq War
Iranian POWs in 1983 near Tikrit, Iraq
The Green Movement's Silent Demonstration during the 2009–10 Iranian election protests
Iranian child soldier
The 2017–18 Iranian protests were initiated on 31 December 2017 and continued for months.
Iraqi POW who was shot by Iranian troops after they conquered the Iraqi Majnoon oil field in October 1984
Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point, is located in Amol, Mazenderan.
Iranian troops fire 152 mm D-20 howitzer
Persian leopard, listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Battle of the Marshes Iran front 1983 rest after exchange of fire 152 mm D-20 H
Iran's most populated cities (2010)
Operation Earnest Will: Tanker convoy No. 12 under US Navy escort (21 October 1987)
Iran's syncretic political system combines elements of an Islamic theocracy with vetted democracy.
A map indicating the attacks on civilian areas of Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait targeted during the "War of the Cities".
Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, meeting with his counterpart, China's paramount leader Xi Jinping on 23 January 2016. Iran and China are strategic allies.
Iraqi commanders discussing strategy on the battlefront (1986)
Ali Khamenei voting in the 2017 presidential election
Iranian President Ali Khamenei on the battlefront during the Iran–Iraq War
Iranian former President Hassan Rouhani meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Iran and Russia are strategic allies.
Operation Dawn 8 during which Iran captured the Faw Peninsula.
The Islamic Consultative Assembly, also known as the Iranian Parliament
Iranian soldier killed during the Iran–Iraq War with Rouhollah Khomeini's photo on his uniform
The People's Mujahedin of Iran, supported by Saddam, started a ten-day operation after both the Iranian and Iraqi governments accepted UN Resolution 598. Casualty estimates range from 2,000 to 10,000.
Protest against U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as capital of Israel. Tehran, 11 December 2017.
Adnan Khairallah, Iraqi Defense Minister, meeting with Iraqi soldiers during the war
Sophisticated indigenous long range missile system Bavar-373 paraded in Tehran.
IRGC navy speedboats using swarm tactics
Iran's provinces by their contribution to national GDP (2014)
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran–Iraq War.
Historical GDP per capita development
The Iranian frigate IS Sahand burns after being hit by 20 U.S. air launched missiles and bombs, killing a third of the crew, April 1988
A proportional representation of Iran exports, 2019
Iranian soldiers captured during Iraq's 1988 offensives
More than a million tourists visit Kish Island each year.
USS Vincennes in 1987 a year before it shot down Iran Air Flight 655
Iran holds 10% of the world's proven oil reserves and 15% of its gas. It is OPEC's second largest exporter and the world's 7th largest oil producer.
MEK Soldiers killed in Operation Mersad in 1988
Literacy rate of Iran's population plus 15, 1975–2015, according to UNESCO Institute of Statistics
Al-Shaheed Monument in Baghdad was erected to commemorate the fallen Iraqi soldiers during the war.
Sharif University of Technology is one of Iran's most prestigious higher education institutions.
Iranian Martyr Cemetery in Isfahan
The production line for AryoSeven at the Iranian biopharmaceutical company of AryoGen
Iranian Martyrs Museum in Tehran
Simorgh launch, Iranian Space Agency
An Iranian soldier's funeral in Mashhad, 2013
Iran's population growth (1880–2016)
An Iraqi Mil Mi-24 on display at the military museum of Sa'dabad Palace in Iran
Iran's provinces by population density (2013)
President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush work in the Oval Office of the White House, 20 July 1984.
Iron Age gold cup from Marlik, kept at New York City's Metropolitan Museum of Art
USS Stark (FFG-31) listing following two hits by Exocet missiles.
Kamal-ol-Molk's Mirror Hall, often considered a starting point in Iranian modern art
Victims of the 1987 chemical attack on Sardasht, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Tomb of the 10th-century Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of Šāhnāme, the classical Persian composition of the Iranian national epics, in Tus
Damage to a mosque in Khoramshahr, Iran, the city that was invaded by Iraq in September 1980
Zoroaster, the founder of Zoroastrianism, depicted on Raphael's The School of Athens
Karna, an ancient Iranian musical instrument from the 6th century BC, kept at the Persepolis Museum
The Roudaki Hall, constructed between 1957 and 1967 in Tehran
Reproduction of the 3rd-millennium BC goblet from southeastern Iran, possibly the world's oldest example of animation.
Abbas Kiarostami (1940–2016), an acclaimed Iranian film director
Behrouz Vossoughi, a well-known Iranian actor who has appeared in more than 90 films
Haft-Seen, a customary of Nowruz, the Iranian New Year
Chelow kabab (rice and kebab), one of Iran's national dishes
Skiers at the Dizin Ski Resort
The Azadi Stadium in Tehran is West Asia's largest football stadium.
Ali Khamenei, the Supreme Leader of Iran, meeting with his counterpart, China's paramount leader Xi Jinping on 23 January 2016. Iran and China are strategic allies.
An Iranian tea tray served near Garden of Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam in Nishapur

The Iran–Iraq War (الحرب الإيرانية العراقية) was a protracted armed conflict that began on 22 September 1980 with a full-scale invasion of Iran by neighbouring Iraq.

- Iran–Iraq War

On 22 September 1980, the Iraqi army invaded the western Iranian province of Khuzestan, initiating the Iran–Iraq War.

- Iran

23 related topics with Alpha


Black Bridge


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Black Bridge
White Bridge
8th Bridge
Sahel Cinema
Ahvaz International Airport --of "Martyr Major-General Haj Qasem-Soleimani"
Ahvaz Railway Station
Image of a flare stack in Ahvaz, due to inefficient combustion, emits tons of black colored soot into the atmosphere, causing problems like climate change and cancer around the country.
The Stadium of "Foolad Khuzestan Martyrs" (Shohadaye-Foolade-Khuzestan); also known as Foolad Arena
Hamed Haddadi
Rumi statue
The 8th Bridge (Qadir)
The White Bridge
White Bridge over Karun river

Ahvaz is a city in the southwest of Iran and the capital of Khuzestan province.

Iraq attempted to annex Khūzestān and Ahwaz in 1980, resulting in the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988).

Shiraz in a photo by Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield from the ISS on 20 March 2013 (1392 Nowrooz).


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Shiraz in a photo by Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield from the ISS on 20 March 2013 (1392 Nowrooz).
An illustration of Shiraz by French traveler Jean Chardin in 1670s while he was travelling through the Safavid empire
Narenjestan Qavam
Shiraz Garden Drives in the north has gardens predating the city's expansion
Sunset in Shiraz, with Derock Mountain in the background
The Qur'an Gate was a part of the great city wall built under the Buyid dynasty
Tomb of Hafez, in memory of the celebrated Persian poet Hafez.
Tiling in Atigh Mosque
An Iran Air Airbus A320 Approaching Shiraz International Airport (2011)
Shiraz Metro
Shiraz has the Iran's third Bus rapid transit
Shiraz Train Station
View of Shiraz roads and bridges in 2020
Pars Shiraz Stadium
Omid Norouzi. 2012 Olympic gold medalist.
Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Firouz Naderi
Karim Khan Zand
Panoramic view of Shiraz at night
Vakil Bazaar Dieulafoy 1881
Women from Shiraz Dieulafoy 1881
Shiraz, André D. Deslandes, 1671
Qur'an Gate, Harold F. Weston
Shiraz, Jean Struys, 1681
Lotf Ali Khan
Imamzadeh Ali ebn e Hamze
Delgosha Garden
Qavam House
Nasir ol Molk Mosque
Afif-Abad Garden (Arms Museum)
Eram Garden
Shapouri House
Tomb of Saadi
Khwaju Kermani's tomb
Shah Cheragh
Pars Museum
Atigh Mosque
Luna Park
Jahan Nama Garden
Saraye Moshir
Ghavam ol Molk Mansion
Zinat ol Molk Mansion
Saadat Mansion
Vakil Bazaar
Vakil Mosque
Water Museum
Vakil Bath
Stone Museum
Khan School
Mausoleum of Emir Ali
Margoon Waterfall
Shapur cave
Sangtarashan cave
Plain of Fritillaria imperialis, Sepidan County
Pooladkaf Ski Resort
Sassanid Palace at Sarvestan
Qal'eh Dokhtar

Shiraz is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of its Fars Province, which has been historically known as Pars and Persis.

Abbas Dowran, Skillful phantom and fighter jet pilot who died during the Iran–Iraq War

Omid satellite. Iran is the 9th country to put a domestically-built satellite into orbit using its own launcher and the sixth to send animals in space.

Science and technology in Iran

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Omid satellite. Iran is the 9th country to put a domestically-built satellite into orbit using its own launcher and the sixth to send animals in space.
COVIran Barekat first locally-developed COVID-19 vaccine to be approved for emergency use in the Middle East
Manuscript of Abdolrahman Sufi's Depiction of Celestial Constellations
From: Mansur ibn Ilyas: Tashrīḥ-e badan-e ensān. تشريح بدن انسان (dissection of human body). Manuscript, ca. 1450, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
A 500-year-old Latin translation of the Canon of Medicine by Avicenna.
An 18th century Persian astrolabe
Kamal al-Din al-Farisi's autograph manuscript in Optics, Tanqih al-Manazir, 1309 A.D., Adilnor Collection.
Students enrolled in Iranian universities, 2007 and 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
PhD graduates in Iran by field of study and gender, 2007 and 2012. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
Trends in Iranian scientific publications, 2005–2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
Iranian publications by field of science, 2008–2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
Economic complexity index for Iran (1964–2014)
IKCO's Samand LX
Iran University of Science and Technology entrance
Prof Moslem Bahadori, one of the pioneering figures in modern Iranian medicine
Inside AryoGen's production line
Ali Javan first proposed and co-invented the gas laser.
Number of Iranian articles on nanotechnology in 2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
Industries in which Iranian nanotech companies are active. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030
Simorgh launch. Iranian Space Agency
Average citations of Iranian nanotech articles, in comparison with those of other leading countries, 2013. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015)
Ahmad Reza Dehpour, Iran's most prolific researcher of the year 2006
Iranian neuroscientists have also published in highly acclaimed journals. This nature paper is an example of such a research work carried out by Iranians who did their majority training and research in Iran

Iran has made considerable advances in science and technology through education and training, despite international sanctions in almost all aspects of research during the past 30 years.

Iranian surgeons treating wounded Iranian veterans during the Iran–Iraq War invented a new neurosurgical treatment for brain injured patients that laid to rest the previously prevalent technique developed by US Army surgeon Dr Ralph Munslow.