ArmyIraqi forcesRoyal Iraqi ArmyIraqiNew Iraqi ArmyIraqi Army AviationIraqi Army DivisionIraqnew armyIraqi military forces
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.wikipedia
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Iraqi militaryIraqi forcesArmed Forces
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
They consist of the Iraqi Army, the Iraqi Air Force, and the Iraqi Navy.
Iraqi insurgencyIraqi insurgentsinsurgents
Because of the Iraqi insurgency that began shortly after the invasion, the Iraqi Army was later designed to initially be a counter-insurgency force.
With the full-scale eruption of the sectarian civil war in February 2006, many militant attacks in American-controlled central Iraq were directed at the Iraqi police and military forces of the Iraqi government.
invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
Following the invasion of Iraq by U.S. forces in 2003, the Iraqi Army was rebuilt along American lines with enormous amounts of U.S. military assistance at every level. During the 2003 invasion of Iraq the Iraqi Army was defeated in a number of battles, including by Task Force Viking in the north, and the Battle of Nasiriyah and the Battle of Baghdad.
On 26 March, the 173rd Airborne Brigade was airdropped near the northern city of Kirkuk, where they joined forces with Kurdish rebels and fought several actions against the Iraqi Army to secure the northern part of the country.
Assyrian LeviesAssyrian and Iraqi LeviesRoyal Air Force Levies, Iraq
The first Iraqi military forces established by the British were the Iraq Levies, several battalions of troops tasked to guard the Royal Air Force (RAF) bases from which the British controlled Iraq.
After Iraq became a British Mandate, the force became a minority manned force of mostly, Iraqi Turkmen, Kurds and Assyrians who lived in the north of the country while the nascent Iraqi Army was manned by Arabs.
3rd Armored Division3rd Division3rd Armoured Division
The Iraqi 1st and 3rd Divisions were stationed in Baghdad.
The 3rd Division was a formation of the Iraqi Army.
Royal Iraqi Air ForceAir ForceIraqi
In 1948, the RIrA deployed 21,000 men in twelve brigades and the Royal Iraqi Air Force deployed 100 planes, mostly British.
The IQAF also acts as a support force for the Iraqi Navy and the Iraqi Army and it allows Iraq to rapidly deploy its developing Army.
1st Division1st1st Mechanized Division
The Iraqi 1st and 3rd Divisions were stationed in Baghdad.
The 1st Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army.
2nd Division2nd Infantry Division2nd
The 2nd Division was stationed in Kirkuk, and the 4th Division was in Al Diwaniyah, on the main rail line from Baghdad to Basra.
The 2nd Division was a formation of the Iraqi Army.
Abdul Karim QasimAbdul Karim QassimAbd al-Karīm Qāsim
The coup brought Abd al-Karim Qasim to power.
Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.
6th Armored Division6th Division6th Iraqi Army Division
It consisted of the 3rd and 6th Armoured Divisions, two infantry brigades, twelve artillery battalions, and a special forces brigade.
The 6th Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army, first formed after 1959, converted to armoured status by 1973, but disbanded in 2003.
IraqIraq 1941British invasion of Iraq
At 0500 hours on 2 May 1941, the Anglo-Iraqi War broke out between the British and Rashid Ali's new government when the British at RAF Habbaniya launched air strikes against the Iraqis.
Before the war, the United Kingdom provided support to the Royal Iraqi Army (RIrA) and to the Royal Iraqi Air Force (RIrAF) through a small military mission based in Baghdad, commanded from 1938 by Major-General G. G. Waterhouse.
At 0500 hours on 2 May 1941, the Anglo-Iraqi War broke out between the British and Rashid Ali's new government when the British at RAF Habbaniya launched air strikes against the Iraqis. On April 30 Iraqi Army units took the high ground to the south of RAF Habbaniya.
During the Rashid Ali rebellion in 1941 the airfield was besieged by the Iraqi Army encamped on the overlooking plateau.
Nasiriyahfought through Nasiriyah
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq the Iraqi Army was defeated in a number of battles, including by Task Force Viking in the north, and the Battle of Nasiriyah and the Battle of Baghdad.
The Battle of Nasiriyah was fought between the US 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade and Iraqi forces from the 23rd March to 2nd April 2003 during the US-led invasion of Iraq.
Persian Gulf WarOperation Desert ShieldOperation Desert Storm
By the eve of the Invasion of Kuwait which led to the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the army was estimated to number 1,000,000 men.
The Iraqi Army's occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council.
Popular ArmyPeople's ArmyIraqi Peoples Army
Saddam did not trust the army; among counterbalancing security forces was the Iraqi Popular Army.
The Iraqi Popular Army also known as the People's Army or People's Militia (Arabic: الجيش الشعبي Al Jaysh ash Shaabi) was a paramilitary organization composed of civilian volunteers to protect the Ba'ath regime against internal opposition and serve as a counterbalance against any coup attempt by the regular Iraqi Army.
Republican GuardIraqi Republican GuardRepublican Guards
This gave a total of about 56 army divisions, and total land force divisions reached 68 when the 12 Iraqi Republican Guard divisions were included.
The Republican Guard were the elite troops of the Iraqi army directly reporting to Saddam Hussein, unlike the paramilitary force Fedayeen Saddam, and the ordinary Iraqi Army.
5th Mechanized Division5th Division5th Infantry Division
5th Division, activated 1959. Served in Iran–Iraq war. As 5th Mechanised Division, fought in Battle of Khafji.
The 5th Division ('Iron Division') is a formation (military) of the Iraqi Army.
7th Division7th Infantry Division7th Armored Division
7th Division, served in Iran–Iraq war
The 7th Division is a division of the Iraqi Army.
9th Armored Division9th Division9th Armoured Division
9th Armoured Division, served in Iran–Iraq War, disbanded after First Battle of Basrah/Operation Ramadan, July 1982 (Pollack p. 205). Reformed after 2003.
The 9th Armoured Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army, originally formed probably around 1975, but disbanded in 1982.
8th Division8th Infantry Division8th Mountain Infantry Division
8th Division. As 8th Mountain Infantry Division, served in Iran–Iraq war.
The 8th Division is a division of the Iraqi Army.
4th Division4th Mountain Infantry Division4th Infantry Division
4th Division, active from at least 1941. As 4th Mountain Infantry Division, served in Iran–Iraq war.
The 4th Division is an infantry formation of the Iraqi Army.
Battle of BasraOperation Charge of the Knightsoperation
On March 25, 2008, the Iraqi Army launched its first solely planned and executed high-profile division-level operation, Operation Charge of the Knights in Basra.
The Battle of Basra began on 25 March 2008, when the Iraqi Army launched an operation (code-named Saulat al-Fursan, meaning Operation Charge of the Knights in Arabic) to drive the Mahdi Army militia out of the southern Iraqi city of Basra.
The United Kingdom provided support and training to the Iraqi Army and the Iraqi Air Force through a small military mission based in Baghdad.
On 14 July 1958, members of the Iraqi Army, under Abd al-Karim Qasim, staged a coup to topple the Kingdom of Iraq.
PMFal-Hashd al-ShaabiShia militias
The Army extensively collaborated with Iraqi Popular Mobilization Forces during anti-ISIL operations.
According to Iraqi sources, as well as to the London-based pro-Saudi Asharq Al-Awsat, the different militias rely on their own chain of command, and rarely work together or follow regular Iraqi Army's orders.
In all, there were 11 infantry divisions, 3 mechanized divisions, and 3 armored divisions.
Today, only the Indian Army sports 2 such divisions (since 1988), the Iraqi Army and the People's Army of Vietnam once sported such units.