Iraqi Army

ArmyIraqi forcesRoyal Iraqi ArmyIraqiNew Iraqi ArmyIraqi Army Aviation7th Iraqi Army DivisionIraqIraq's armyIraqi 12th Armoured Division
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.wikipedia
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Iraqi Armed Forces

Iraqi militaryArmed ForcesIraqi Army
The Iraqi Army, officially the Iraqi Ground Forces, is the ground force component of the Iraqi Armed Forces, having been active in various incarnations throughout the 20th and 21st centuries.
They consist of the Iraqi Army, the Iraqi Air Force, and the Iraqi Navy.

Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011)

Iraqi insurgencyIraqi insurgentsinsurgents
Because of the Iraqi insurgency that began shortly after the invasion, the Iraqi Army was later designed to initially be a counter-insurgency force.
With the full-scale eruption of the sectarian civil war in February 2006, many militant attacks in American-controlled central Iraq were directed at the Iraqi police and military forces of the Iraqi government.

2003 invasion of Iraq

invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
Following the invasion of Iraq by U.S. forces in 2003, the Iraqi Army was rebuilt along American lines with enormous amounts of U.S. military assistance at every level. During the 2003 invasion of Iraq the Iraqi Army was defeated in a number of battles, including by Task Force Viking in the north, and the Battle of Nasiriyah and the Battle of Baghdad.
On 26 March, the 173rd Airborne Brigade was airdropped near the northern city of Kirkuk, where they joined forces with Kurdish rebels and fought several actions against the Iraqi Army to secure the northern part of the country.

Iraq Levies

Assyrian LeviesAssyrian and Iraqi LeviesRAF Levies
The first Iraqi military forces established by the British were the Iraq Levies, several battalions of troops tasked to guard the Royal Air Force (RAF) bases from which the British controlled Iraq.
After Iraq became a British Mandate, the force became a minority manned force of mostly, Iraqi Turkmen, Kurds and Assyrians who lived in the north of the country while the nascent Iraqi Army was manned by Arabs.

3rd Division (Iraq)

3rd Armored Division3rd Armoured Division3rd Division
The Iraqi 1st and 3rd Divisions were stationed in Baghdad.
The 3rd Division was a formation of the Iraqi Army.

1st Division (Iraq)

1st Division1st1st Mechanized Division
The Iraqi 1st and 3rd Divisions were stationed in Baghdad.
The 1st Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army.

2nd Division (Iraq)

2nd Division2nd Infantry Division2nd
The 2nd Division was stationed in Kirkuk, and the 4th Division was in Al Diwaniyah, on the main rail line from Baghdad to Basra.
The 2nd Division was a formation of the Iraqi Army.

Iraqi Air Force

Royal Iraqi Air ForceAir ForceIraqi
In 1948, the RIrA deployed 21,000 men in twelve brigades and the Royal Iraqi Air Force deployed 100 planes, mostly British.
The IQAF also acts as a support force for the Iraqi Navy and the Iraqi Army and it allows Iraq to rapidly deploy its developing Army.

Abd al-Karim Qasim

Abdul Karim QasimAbdul Karim QassimAbd al-Karīm Qāsim
The coup brought Abd al-Karim Qasim to power.
Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was overthrown.

Anglo-Iraqi War

IraqIraq 1941British invasion of Iraq
At 0500 hours on 2 May 1941, the Anglo-Iraqi War broke out between the British and Rashid Ali's new government when the British at RAF Habbaniya launched air strikes against the Iraqis.
Before the war, the United Kingdom provided support to the Royal Iraqi Army (RIrA) and to the Royal Iraqi Air Force (RIrAF) through a small military mission based in Baghdad, commanded from 1938 by Major-General G. G. Waterhouse.

RAF Habbaniya

HabbaniyaHabbaniyahCamp Habbaniyah
At 0500 hours on 2 May 1941, the Anglo-Iraqi War broke out between the British and Rashid Ali's new government when the British at RAF Habbaniya launched air strikes against the Iraqis. On April 30 Iraqi Army units took the high ground to the south of RAF Habbaniya.
During the Rashid Ali rebellion in 1941, the airfield was besieged by units from the Royal Iraqi Army encamped on the overlooking plateau.

Bakr Sidqi

Bakr SedqiGeneral Bekir Sidqi Pasha
In 1936, General Bakr Sidqi, who had won a reputation from suppressing tribal revolts, was named Chief of the General Staff and successfully pressured the King to demand that the Cabinet resign.
In August 1933, Sidqi ordered the Royal Iraqi Army to march to the north to crush so-called 'militant Assyrian separatists' in Simele, near Mosul, which led to 3,000 Assyrian civilians being killed in the region in the Simele massacre.

Popular Mobilization Forces

PMFal-Hashd al-ShaabiShia militias
The Army extensively collaborated with Iraqi Popular Mobilization Forces during anti-ISIL operations.
According to Iraqi sources, as well as to the London-based pro-Saudi Asharq Al-Awsat, the different militias rely on their own chain of command, and rarely work together or follow regular Iraqi Army's orders.

6th Division (Iraq)

6th Armored Division6th Division6th Iraqi Army Division
It consisted of the 3rd and 6th Armoured Divisions, two infantry brigades, twelve artillery battalions, and a special forces brigade.
The 6th Division is a formation of the Iraqi Army, first formed after 1959, converted to armoured status by 1973, but disbanded in 2003.

Baghdad

BagdadBaghdad, IraqBaghdād
The United Kingdom provided support and training to the Iraqi Army and the Iraqi Air Force through a small military mission based in Baghdad.
On 14 July 1958, members of the Iraqi Army, under Abd al-Karim Qasim, staged a coup to topple the Kingdom of Iraq.

Republican Guard (Iraq)

Republican GuardIraqi Republican GuardRepublican Guards
This gave a total of about 56 army divisions, and total land force divisions reached 68 when the 12 Iraqi Republican Guard divisions were included.
The Republican Guard were the elite troops of the Iraqi army directly reporting to Saddam Hussein, unlike the paramilitary force Fedayeen Saddam, and the ordinary Iraqi Army.

Popular Army (Iraq)

Popular ArmyIraqi Peoples ArmyJeish-Al-Shabi
Saddam did not trust the army; among counterbalancing security forces was the Iraqi Popular Army.
The Iraqi Popular Army also known as the People's Army or People's Militia (Arabic: الجيش الشعبي Al Jaysh ash Shaabi) was a paramilitary organization composed of civilian volunteers to protect the Ba'ath regime against internal opposition and serve as a counterbalance against any coup attempt by the regular Iraqi Army.

Battle of Nasiriyah

Nasiriyahfought through Nasiriyah
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq the Iraqi Army was defeated in a number of battles, including by Task Force Viking in the north, and the Battle of Nasiriyah and the Battle of Baghdad.
The Battle of Nasiriyah was fought between the US 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade and Iraqi forces from the 23rd March to 2nd April 2003 during the US-led invasion of Iraq.

Gulf War

Persian Gulf WarOperation Desert ShieldOperation Desert Storm
By the eve of the Invasion of Kuwait which led to the 1991 Persian Gulf War, the army was estimated to number 1,000,000 men.
The Iraqi Army's occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council.

Jenin

Jenin Refugee CampJenin DistrictCenin
Following this defeat Iraqi forces moved into the Nablus–Jenin–Tulkarm strategic triangle, where they suffered heavy casualties in the Israeli attack on Jenin which began on 3 June, but they managed to hold on to their positions.
In the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the city was defended by the Iraqi Army, then captured briefly by the forces from Israel's Carmeli Brigade during the "Ten Days' fighting" following the cancellation of the first cease-fire.

Armed Forces Day

Army DayAir Force Dayarmed forces days
The creation of the new Fifth Division, consisting of mechanized infantry, was announced on 6 January 1959, Army Day.
Iraqi Armed Forces Day is celebrated on 6 January, and marks the anniversary of the activation of the Iraqi Army on 6 January 1921.

Faisal I of Iraq

FaisalKing FaisalFaisal I
In August 1921, the British installed Hashemite King Faisal I as the client ruler of the British Mandate of Iraq.
During his reign, Faisal made great effort to build Iraq's army into a powerful force.

5th Division (Iraq)

5th Mechanized Division5th Division5th Infantry Division
5th Division, activated 1959. Served in Iran–Iraq war. As 5th Mechanised Division, fought in Battle of Khafji.
The 5th Division ('Iron Division') is a formation (military) of the Iraqi Army.

7th Division (Iraq)

7th Division7th Infantry Division7th Armored Division
7th Division, served in Iran–Iraq war
The 7th Division is a division of the Iraqi Army.

8th Division (Iraq)

8th Division8th Infantry Division8th Commando Division
8th Division. As 8th Mountain Infantry Division, served in Iran–Iraq war.
The 8th Division is a division of the Iraqi Army.