Iraqi insurgency (2011–2013)

Iraqi insurgencyIraqi insurgency (post-U.S. withdrawal)Iraqi insurgency (2011–present)Iraqi insurgency (post U.S. withdrawal)insurgencyEscalation of sectarian insurgency after U.S. withdrawalIraqi insurgency (2011–13)Iraq InsurgencyIraqi insurgency (2011–14)2011 Iraqi Insurgency
The Iraqi insurgency, later referred to as the Iraq Crisis, escalated in 2011, resulting in violent conflict with the central government, as well as sectarian violence among Iraq's religious groups.wikipedia
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Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
The Iraqi insurgency, later referred to as the Iraq Crisis, escalated in 2011, resulting in violent conflict with the central government, as well as sectarian violence among Iraq's religious groups.
The US presence in Iraq ended in 2011, but the Iraqi insurgency continued and intensified as fighters from the Syrian Civil War spilled into the country.

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

ISISISILIslamic State
In 2014, the insurgency escalated dramatically following the conquest of Mosul and major areas in northern Iraq by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), a Salafi jihadist militant group and unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam.
ISIL relies mostly on captured weapons with major sources including Saddam Hussein's Iraqi stockpiles from the 2003–11 Iraq insurgency and weapons from government and opposition forces fighting in the Syrian Civil War and during the post-US withdrawal Iraqi insurgency.

Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011)

Iraqi insurgencyIraqi insurgentsinsurgents
However, the power vacuum following Saddam's fall, the mismanagement of the occupation and the sectarian policies of various militias led to a lengthy insurgency against U.S., coalition forces and Iraqi government forces as well as widespread sectarian violence between Shias and Sunnis.
After the withdrawal in December 2011, a renewed wave of sectarian and anti-government insurgency swept Iraq, causing thousands of casualties in 2012.

22 December 2011 Baghdad bombings

car bombings and IED (improvised explosive device) attacksseries of bombings
On 22 December 2011 at least 72 civilians were killed and more than 170 wounded in a series of bombings across Baghdad, while nine others died in various attacks in Baqubah, Mosul and Kirkuk.
This was the first major attack following U.S. withdrawal from Iraq.

Anbar campaign (2013–14)

Anbar campaignAnbar clashesAnbar clashes (2013–14)
ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre, thereby merging the new conflict with the Syrian Civil War, into a new, far deadlier conflict.

16 August 2012 Iraq attacks

almost a month earliercoordinated attacks across IraqSuicide bombings, car bombs, shootings
On August 13, at least 128 people were killed and more than 400 wounded in coordinated attacks across Iraq, making them the deadliest attacks in the country since October 2009, when 155 were killed in twin bombings near the Justice Ministry in Baghdad.
A series of bombings and shootings occurred in Iraq on 16 August 2012, in one of the most violent attacks since post-US withdrawal insurgency has begun.

2013 Hawija clashes

raided a protest campdeadly clashes and reprisal attacksBombings, shootings
On April 23, Iraqi Army units moved against an encampment set up by protesters in Hawija, west of the city of Kirkuk, sparking deadly clashes and reprisal attacks across the country.
The 2013 Hawija clashes relate to a series of violent attacks within Iraq, as part of the 2012–13 Iraqi protests and Iraqi insurgency post-U.S. withdrawal.

Sons of Iraq

Awakening CouncilSahwa militiaAwakening Councils
The United States responded with a troop surge in 2007; the heavy American security presence and deals made between the occupying forces and Sunni militias reduced the level of violence.

27 January 2012 Baghdad bombing

Bombingsuicide bomber
On January 27 – A suicide bomber attacked a funeral procession in Baghdad's Zaafaraniyah district, killing 32 and injuring more than 70 others.

Iraq War

Operation Iraqi FreedomIraqwar in Iraq
The Iraq War caused hundreds of thousands of civilian and military casualties (see estimates).


Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
Some U.S. officials accused Saddam of harboring and supporting al-Qaeda, while others cited the desire to end a repressive dictatorship and bring democracy to the people of Iraq.

23 February 2012 Iraq attacks

series of attackspan-Iraq bombings on February 23
On February 23 – A series of attacks across 15 Iraqi cities left 83 killed and more than 250 injured.

5 January 2012 Iraq bombings

5Bombingsnumber of bombings
A number of bombings took place in Baghdad and Nasiriyah, killing 73 and leaving 149 injured.

History of Iraq (2011–present)

By 2015recent history
The time since U.S. withdrawal has been marked by a renewed Iraqi insurgency and by a spillover of the Syrian civil war into Iraq.

14 January 2012 Basra bombing

14attacked a crowdsuicide bomber
A suicide bomber detonated his explosives amid a crowd of Shi'ite pilgrims in Basra, killing 53 and injuring 141.

20 March 2012 Iraq attacks

wave of terror attacksSuicide bombings, car bombs, shootingswave of attacks
On March 20 – A wave of attacks centered on Baghdad and Kerbala killed at least 52 and left more than 250 injured.
*Iraqi insurgency (post U.S. withdrawal)

13 June 2012 Iraq attacks

Car bombings, shootingsseries of bombingsseries of highly coordinated attacks
On June 13, At least 93 people were killed and over 300 wounded in a series of highly coordinated attacks across Iraq.

9 September 2012 Iraq attacks

wave of attacksA wave of attacksBombings, shootings
On September 9, A wave of attacks across the country killed at least 108 and left more than 370 others injured.

Akashat ambush

AmbushBattle of AkashatAkashat
In early March, unidentified gunmen ambushed a Syrian Army convoy escorted by Iraqi soldiers in the Battle of Akashat, killing 48 Syrians and 13 Iraqis.

23 July 2012 Iraq attacks

Car bombings, suicide bombings, shootingsCoordinated attacksthe attacks on 23 July 2012
On July 23, Coordinated attacks across Iraq killed 116 and left 299 injured.

Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order

Naqshbandi ArmyJRTNJaysh Rijal al-Tariq al Naqshabandi (JRTN)
According to army officers, the operation was aimed at Sunni militants from the Naqshbandi Army, who were reportedly involved in the protests.

Operation al-Shabah

In late May, the Iraqi government launches Operation al-Shabah (Phantom), with the stated aim of severing contact between Al-Qaeda in Iraq and the Syrian al-Nusra Front by clearing militants from the border area with Syria and Jordan.

19 March 2013 Iraq attacks

coordinated attacksseries of bombings and shootingsBombings, shootings
In mid-March, a series of coordinated attacks across the capital Baghdad and several major cities in the north and central parts of the country killed at least 98 people and left 240 others injured.