Ireland

IrishIRLisland of IrelandIrishmanIREIrish-bornIEIrishmenRepublic of Irelandall-Ireland
Ireland (Éire ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann ) is an island in the North Atlantic.wikipedia
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Irish Sea

IrishEast Irish Sea Basinsea
It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sie, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon, Mor Iwerdhon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the North Channel, also known as the Straits of Moyle.

List of European islands by area

Sarvisalo13th-largest island in Europe51st largest island
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Republic of Ireland

IrelandIrishRepublic
Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
Ireland (Éire ), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.

British Isles

BritainBritishThe British Isles
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
The British Isles are a group of islands in the North Atlantic off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Hebrides and over six thousand smaller isles.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Ulster Scots dialects

Ulster ScotsUlster-ScotsScots
Ireland (Éire ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann ) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots (Ulstèr-Scotch, Albainais), also known as Ulster Scotch, Scots-Irish and Ullans, is the Scots language as spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishNIR
Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
Located in the northeast of the island of Ireland, Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland.

Rivers of Ireland

riverriversIrish rivers
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland.
Shown here are all the major rivers and tributaries of Ireland with their lengths (in kilometres and miles).

List of islands of the British Isles

List of the British Isles1,000 smaller surrounding islands136 permanently inhabited islands
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Great Britain accounts for the larger part of this area at 66%, with Ireland accounting for 26%, leaving the remaining 8%—an area of 23,996 km 2 —comprising thousands of smaller islands.

Names of the Irish state

name of the stateBritish objections to the name "Irelandchanged the name of the state
Geopolitically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
The state makes up almost five-sixths of the island of Ireland.

Gaelic Ireland

GaelicGaelic IrishIrish
Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century AD.
Gaelic Ireland (Éire Ghaelach) was the Gaelic political and social order, and associated culture, that existed in Ireland from the prehistoric era until the early 17th century.

Irish population analysis

population of Irelanda century-long population declineIreland
In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain.
The population of the Island of Ireland in 2016 was approximately 6.6 million (4.75 million in the Republic of Ireland and 1.85 million in Northern Ireland).

List of European islands by population

4th most populoussecond-most populous island in Europe
In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain.

Protestant Ascendancy

Ascendancythe AscendancyAnglo-Irish
In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century.
The Protestant Ascendancy, known simply as the Ascendancy, was the political, economic, and social domination of Ireland between the 17th century and the early 20th century by a minority of landowners, Protestant clergy, and members of the professions, all members of the Established Church (Church of Ireland or the Church of England).

Partition of Ireland

partitionpartitionedpartitioned Ireland
A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.
The partition of Ireland (críochdheighilt na hÉireann) was the process by which the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland divided the island of Ireland into two separate polities.

Music of Ireland

IrishIrish musicIrish folk
Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language.
Irish music is music that has been created in various genres on the island of Ireland.

Irish literature

IrishIrish writerliterature
Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the field of literature.
Irish literature comprises writings in the Irish, Latin, and English (including Ulster Scots) languages on the island of Ireland.

Culture of Ireland

Irish cultureIrishculture
Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the field of literature.
The culture of Ireland includes language, literature, music, art, folklore, cuisine, and sport associated with Ireland and the Irish people.

Irish language

IrishGaelicIrish Gaelic
Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language.
Irish originated in Ireland and was historically spoken by Irish people throughout Ireland.

Irish mythology

IrishIrish mythologicalIrish folklore
The names Ireland and Éire derive from Old Irish Ériu, a goddess in Irish mythology first recorded in the ninth century.
The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland was preserved in a highly-conservative oral tradition.

Gaelic games

Gaelic sportsGAAGaelic Athletic
Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language.
Gaelic games are sports played in Ireland under the auspices of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA).

Climate of Ireland

Irish climate
The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe.
Ireland's climate is defined as a temperate oceanic climate, or Cfb on the Köppen climate classification system, a classification it shares with most of northwest Europe.

Gaels

GaelicGaelGaelic culture
Lastly, the Milesians (Gaels) were said to have reached Ireland from either northern Iberia or southern Gaul.
The Gaels (Na Gaeil ; Na Gàidheil ; Ny Gaeil ) are an ethnolinguistic group native to Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man in northwestern Europe.

Dissenter

Dissentersdissentingdissenting minister
In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century.
A dissenter (from the Latin dissentire, "to disagree") is one who disagrees in matters of opinion, belief, etc. In the social and religious history of England and Wales, and, by extension, Ireland, however, it refers particularly to a member of a religious body who has, for one reason or another, separated from the established church or any other kind of Protestant who refuses to recognise the supremacy of the established church in areas where the established church is or was Anglican.