Irish language

IrishGaelicIrish GaelicModern IrishIrish-languageIrish:GaeilgelanguageIrish-speakingEarly Modern Irish
Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.wikipedia
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Scottish Gaelic

GaelicScottishScots Gaelic
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively.
A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish.

Irish people

IrishIrishmanIrish-born
Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
The Irish have their own customs, language, music, dance, sports, cuisine and mythology.

Ireland

🇮🇪IrishIRL
Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language.

Languages of Ireland

languagelanguage in Irelandnational and first official language
Irish has constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.
Since the late eighteenth century, English has been the predominant first language, displacing Irish.

Manx language

ManxManx Gaeliclanguage
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively.
The sister languages of Irish and Scottish Gaelic use Gaeilge (dialect variants Gaoluinn, Gaedhlag, Gaelge and Gaelic) and Gàidhlig, respectively, for their languages.

Old Irish

Oldearly IrishGaelic
Older spellings of this include Gaoidhealg in Classical Irish and Goídelc in Old Irish.
Old Irish is thus forebear to Modern Irish, Manx, and Scottish Gaelic.

Foras na Gaeilge

Bórd na GaeilgeBord na GaeilgeÁIS
The public body Foras na Gaeilge is responsible for the promotion of the language throughout the island of Ireland.
Foras na Gaeilge (, "Irish Institute"; often abbreviated to FnaG) is a public body responsible for the promotion of the Irish language throughout the island of Ireland, including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Languages of the European Union

EU languagesofficial languages of the European UnionLanguages of the EU
It is also among the official languages of the European Union.
One language (Irish) previously had the lower status of "treaty language" before being upgraded to an official and working language in 2007, although it has been temporarily derogated as a working language until 2021 due to difficulty finding qualified translators.

Ulster Irish

UlsterUlster dialectDonegal Irish
Other forms of the name found in the various modern Irish dialects (in addition to south Connacht Gaeilge above) include Gaedhilic/Gaeilic/Gaeilig or Gaedhlag in Ulster Irish and northern Connacht Irish and Gaedhealaing/Gaoluinn/Gaelainn in Munster Irish.
Ulster Irish (Irish: Canúint Uladh) is the variety of Irish spoken in the province of Ulster.

Ogham

alphabetancient tree alphabetGaelic
Written Irish is first attested in Ogham inscriptions from the 4th century AD, a stage of the language known as Primitive Irish.
Ogham (Modern Irish or ; ) is an Early Medieval alphabet used to write the early Irish language (in the "orthodox" inscriptions, 1st to 6th centuries AD), and later the Old Irish language (scholastic ogham, 6th to 9th centuries).

Munster Irish

MunsterdialectKerry Gaeltacht
Other forms of the name found in the various modern Irish dialects (in addition to south Connacht Gaeilge above) include Gaedhilic/Gaeilic/Gaeilig or Gaedhlag in Ulster Irish and northern Connacht Irish and Gaedhealaing/Gaoluinn/Gaelainn in Munster Irish.
Munster Irish (Gaelainn na Mumhan) is the dialect of the Irish language spoken in the province of Munster.

Languages of Northern Ireland

Languagesminority language in Northern Ireland
Irish has constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.
There are also two recognised regional languages in Northern Ireland: the Irish language (see Irish language in Northern Ireland) and the local variety of Scots known as Ulster Scots.

Goidelic languages

GaelicGoidelicGaelic languages
Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.
There are three modern Goidelic languages: Irish (Gaeilge), Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) and Manx (Gaelg), the last of which died out in the 20th century but has since been revived to some degree.

Middle Irish

GaelicMedieval GaelicMiddle Gaelic
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively.
The modern Goidelic languages—Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx—are all descendants of Middle Irish.

Early Irish literature

earliest Irish literaturemedieval Irish literatureIrish literature
It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe.
The oldest surviving manuscripts containing examples of the written Irish language date to the 8th century.

Conradh na Gaeilge

Gaelic LeagueCnaGConradh na Gaelige
The vehicle of the revival was the Gaelic League (Conradh na Gaeilge), and particular emphasis was placed on the folk tradition, which in Irish is particularly rich. In 1938, the founder of Conradh na Gaeilge (Gaelic League), Douglas Hyde, was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.
Conradh na Gaeilge (historically known in English as the Gaelic League) is a social and cultural organisation which promotes the Irish language in Ireland and worldwide.

Gaelic revival

Cultural RevivalGaelic revivalistIrish language revival
At the end of the 19th century, they launched the Gaelic revival in an attempt to encourage the learning and use of Irish, although few adult learners mastered the language.
The Gaelic revival (Athbheochan na Gaeilge) was the late-nineteenth-century national revival of interest in the Irish language (also known as Gaelic) and Irish Gaelic culture (including folklore, sports, music, arts, etc.).

Isle of Man

🇮🇲ManxMann
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively.
Around the 5th century AD, large-scale migration from Ireland precipitated a process of Gaelicisation evidenced by Ogham inscriptions, giving rise to the Manx language, which is a Goidelic language closely related to Irish and Scottish Gaelic.

Constitution of Ireland

ConstitutionIrish constitution1937 Constitution
Irish has constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.
It was translated into Irish over a number of drafts by a group headed by Micheál Ó Gríobhtha (assisted by Risteárd Ó Foghludha), who worked in the Irish Department of Education.

Language Freedom Movement

Proficiency in just one official language for entrance to the public service was introduced in 1974, in part through the actions of protest organisations like the Language Freedom Movement.
Founded in 1966, the Language Freedom Movement (Irish: Gluaiseacht Saoirse Teanga) was a political organisation opposed to some aspects of the state-attempted revival of the Irish language in the Republic of Ireland, which had the backing of several notable Irish-speaking writers including Séamus Ó Grianna ("Máire") and John B. Keane.

Gaeltacht

Donegal GaeltachtGalway GaeltachtIrish-speaking
These regions are known individually and collectively as the Gaeltacht, or in the plural as Gaeltachtaí.
Gaeltacht (plural Gaeltachtaí) is an Irish-language word for any primarily Irish-speaking region.

Gaelscoil

Irish-mediumGaelscoileannaIrish Medium Education
There is, however, a growing body of Irish speakers in urban areas, most coming through the Gaelscoilenna, national schools, and a small number of secondary schools, in which Irish is the sole language of instruction.
A Gaelscoil (plural: Gaelscoileanna) is an Irish-medium school in Ireland: the term refers especially to Irish-medium schools outside the Irish-speaking regions or Gaeltacht.

No Béarla

He was unable to accomplish some everyday tasks, as portrayed in his documentary No Béarla.
No Béarla is a four-part documentary style programme broadcast on Irish language television channel TG4 and produced by Dearg Films RTÉ/TG4.

NUI Galway

University College GalwayUCGNUIG
NUI Galway is required to appoint people who are competent in the Irish language, as long as they are also competent in all other aspects of the vacancy to which they are appointed.
It was given special statutory responsibility under the University College Galway Act, 1929 with respect of the use of the Irish language as a working language of the University.

Douglas Hyde

Hyde, DouglasDubhghlas de hÍdeAn Craoibhín Aoibhinn
In 1938, the founder of Conradh na Gaeilge (Gaelic League), Douglas Hyde, was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.
While a young man, he became fascinated with hearing the old people in the locality speak the Irish language.