Isambard Kingdom Brunel

BrunelBrunel gaugeI. K. Brunelbroad gaugeIsambard BrunelI K BrunelI.K. BrunelIsembard Kingdom BrunelBrunelianIsambard
Isambard Kingdom Brunel (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859) was a British civil engineer who is considered "one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history", "one of the 19th-century engineering giants", and "one of the greatest figures of the Industrial Revolution, [who] changed the face of the English landscape with his groundbreaking designs and ingenious constructions".wikipedia
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Great Western Railway

GWRGreat WesternGreat Western Railway Company
Brunel built dockyards, the Great Western Railway, a series of steamships including the first propeller-driven transatlantic steamship, and numerous important bridges and tunnels.
It was engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose a broad gauge of —later slightly widened to —but, from 1854, a series of amalgamations saw it also operate standard-gauge trains; the last broad-gauge services were operated in 1892.

Track gauge

gaugerail gaugegauges
One controversial feature was the wide gauge, a "broad gauge" of, instead of what was later to be known as "standard gauge" of.
When Bristol promoters planned a line from London, they employed the innovative engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Marc Isambard Brunel

Marc BrunelMarcSir Marc Isambard Brunel
He was named Isambard after his father, the French civil engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, and Kingdom after his English mother, Sophia Kingdom.
He is best known for the construction of the Thames Tunnel and as the father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Hampshire

County of SouthamptonHampshire, EnglandCounty of Hampshire
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born on 9 April 1806 in Britain Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, where his father was working on block-making machinery.
The county is known as the home of writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens, the childhood home of Florence Nightingale and the birthplace of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Box Tunnel

Box railway tunnel
This necessitated expensive construction techniques, new bridges, new viaducts, and the 2 mi long Box Tunnel.
Box Tunnel was constructed between December 1838 and June 1841 for the Great Western Railway (GWR) under the direction of Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

100 Greatest Britons

Great Britonsgreatest Briton100 Great Britons
In 2002, Brunel was placed second in a BBC public poll to determine the "100 Greatest Britons".
Isambard Kingdom Brunel occupied the top spot in the polls for some time thanks largely to "students from Brunel University who have been campaigning vigorously for the engineer for weeks."

Steamship

steamersteam shipsteamships
Brunel built dockyards, the Great Western Railway, a series of steamships including the first propeller-driven transatlantic steamship, and numerous important bridges and tunnels.
The first steamship purpose-built for regularly scheduled trans-Atlantic crossings was the British side-wheel paddle steamer built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel in 1838, which inaugurated the era of the trans-Atlantic ocean liner.

Portsmouth

Portsmouth, EnglandCity of PortsmouthPortsmouth, Hampshire
Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born on 9 April 1806 in Britain Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, where his father was working on block-making machinery.
Portsmouth is also the birthplace of author Charles Dickens, engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel and former Prime Minister James Callaghan.

Sophia Kingdom

He was named Isambard after his father, the French civil engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, and Kingdom after his English mother, Sophia Kingdom.
1775 – 1855), later known as Lady Brunel, was the mother of Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

L. T. C. Rolt

Tom RoltL.T.C. RoltL T C Rolt
His views reflected a sentiment stated fifty-two years earlier by Tom Rolt in his 1959 book Brunel. Re-engineering of suspension chains recovered from an earlier suspension bridge was one of many reasons given why Brunel's design could not be followed exactly.
T. C. Rolt''') (11 February 1910 – 9 May 1974 ) was a prolific English writer and the biographer of major civil engineering figures including Isambard Kingdom Brunel and Thomas Telford.

Clifton Suspension Bridge

Clifton Bridge(Toll)Brunel's Clifton Bridge
Brunel is perhaps best remembered for designs for the Clifton Suspension Bridge in Bristol.
The bridge is built to a design by William Henry Barlow and John Hawkshaw, based on an earlier design by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

East London line

East London RailwayEast LondonEast
Subsequently, the tunnel became part of the London Underground system, and remains in use today, originally as part of the East London Line now incorporated into the London Overground.
The companies reused the Thames Tunnel, built by Marc and Isambard Kingdom Brunel between 1825 and 1843 for horse-drawn carriages.

Tunnelling shield

tunneling shieldshieldGreathead Shield
An ingenious tunnelling shield designed by Marc Brunel helped protect workers from cave-ins, but two incidents of severe flooding halted work for long periods, killing several workers and badly injuring the younger Brunel.
Marc Brunel and his son Isambard Kingdom Brunel used it to excavate the Thames Tunnel beginning in 1825 (though the tunnel was not opened until 1843).

Saltash

St Stephens by SaltashSaltash, CornwallBishop Cornish C of E VA Primary School
Brunel designed many bridges for his railway projects, including the Royal Albert Bridge spanning the River Tamar at Saltash near Plymouth, Somerset Bridge (an unusual laminated timber-framed bridge near Bridgwater ), the Windsor Railway Bridge, and the Maidenhead Railway Bridge over the Thames in Berkshire.
Saltash is the location of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge, opened by Prince Albert on 2 May 1859.

South Devon Railway Company

South Devon RailwaySDRSouth Devon
Throughout his railway building career, but particularly on the South Devon and Cornwall Railways where economy was needed and there were many valleys to cross, Brunel made extensive use of wood for the construction of substantial viaducts; these have had to be replaced over the years as their primary material, Kyanised Baltic Pine, became uneconomical to obtain.
It was a broad gauge railway built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Royal Albert Bridge

Saltash BridgeBrunel trussRoyal Albert Railway Bridge
Brunel designed many bridges for his railway projects, including the Royal Albert Bridge spanning the River Tamar at Saltash near Plymouth, Somerset Bridge (an unusual laminated timber-framed bridge near Bridgwater ), the Windsor Railway Bridge, and the Maidenhead Railway Bridge over the Thames in Berkshire.
The Royal Albert Bridge was designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Bridgwater railway station

BridgwaterSomerset Bridge
Brunel designed many bridges for his railway projects, including the Royal Albert Bridge spanning the River Tamar at Saltash near Plymouth, Somerset Bridge (an unusual laminated timber-framed bridge near Bridgwater ), the Windsor Railway Bridge, and the Maidenhead Railway Bridge over the Thames in Berkshire.
Originally built to the designs of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the station is now a Grade II* listed building.

Isambard

He was named Isambard after his father, the French civil engineer Sir Marc Isambard Brunel, and Kingdom after his English mother, Sophia Kingdom.

Lycée Henri-IV

Lycée Henri IVLycée NapoléonCollège Henri IV
His father, a Frenchman by birth, was determined that Brunel should have access to the high-quality education he had enjoyed in his youth in France; accordingly, at the age of 14, the younger Brunel was enrolled first at the University of Caen Normandy, then at Lycée Henri-IV in Paris.

Windsor Railway Bridge

Windsor
Brunel designed many bridges for his railway projects, including the Royal Albert Bridge spanning the River Tamar at Saltash near Plymouth, Somerset Bridge (an unusual laminated timber-framed bridge near Bridgwater ), the Windsor Railway Bridge, and the Maidenhead Railway Bridge over the Thames in Berkshire.
Windsor Railway Bridge is a wrought iron 'bow and string' bridge in Windsor, Berkshire, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Osborne Clarke

He surveyed the entire length of the route between London and Bristol himself, with the help of many including his Solicitor Jeremiah Osborne of Bristol Law Firm Osborne Clarke who on one occasion rowed Brunel down the River Avon himself to survey the bank of the river for the route.
The firm played a significant role in the development of the railways in Southern England through its historic relationship with Isambard Kingdom Brunel and the Great Western Railway.

Cornwall Railway

CR
Throughout his railway building career, but particularly on the South Devon and Cornwall Railways where economy was needed and there were many valleys to cross, Brunel made extensive use of wood for the construction of substantial viaducts; these have had to be replaced over the years as their primary material, Kyanised Baltic Pine, became uneconomical to obtain.
This was shown to be unrealistic, and Isambard Kingdom Brunel was called in to resolve the difficulty.

Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges

Hungerford BridgeGolden Jubilee BridgesHungerford Suspension Bridge
Hungerford Bridge, a suspension footbridge across the Thames near Charing Cross Station in London, was opened in May 1845.
The first Hungerford Bridge, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, opened in 1845 as a suspension footbridge.

Grand Junction Canal

Paddington CanalGrand Junctioncanal
The three bridges in question are a clever arrangement allowing the routes of the Grand Junction Canal, Great Western and Brentford Railway, and Windmill Lane to cross each other.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel's last major undertaking was the compact Three Bridges, London, on the canal.

Bristol riots

Bristol Riots of 1831BristolBristol Bridge Riot
Work on the Clifton bridge started in 1831, but was suspended due to the Queen Square riots caused by the arrival of Sir Charles Wetherell in Clifton.
Work on the Clifton Suspension Bridge was halted and Isambard Kingdom Brunel was sworn in as a special constable.