Isla de la Juventud

Isle of PinesIsle of YouthIsla de PinosIsla de JuventudIsle of Pines, CubaIsle of Youth, CubaIsla de la juventud (formerly Isla de Pinos)Isla de la Juventud MunicipalityIsla de la Juventud, CubaIsla de los Pinos
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).wikipedia
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Cuba

Republic of CubaCubanCUB
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island). It has an area 2,200 km2 and is 50 km south of the island of Cuba, across the Gulf of Batabanó.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

Puerto Rico

Puerto RicanCommonwealth of Puerto RicoPuerto Rica
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).
Except for one 1895 plan, which recommended annexation of the island then named Isle of Pines (later renamed as Isla de la Juventud), a recommendation dropped in later planning, plans developed for attacks on Spanish territories were intended as support operations against Spain's forces in and around Cuba.

Nueva Gerona

The capital and largest city is Nueva Gerona in the north, and the second largest and oldest city is Santa Fe in the interior. Hydrofoils (kometas) and motorized catamarans will make the journey from Batabanó to Nueva Gerona in between two and three hours.
Nueva Gerona is a Cuban city, capital of the Isla de la Juventud special municipality and province.

Canarreos Archipelago

CanarreosArchipelago de los CanarreosCayo Maja
The largest of the 350 islands in the Canarreos Archipelago (Archipiélago de los Canarreos), the island has an estimated population of 85,000.
The largest island of the archipelago is Isla de la Juventud, the second largest is Cayo Largo del Sur.

Santa Fe, Isle of Youth

Santa FeLa Fe Santa Fe
The capital and largest city is Nueva Gerona in the north, and the second largest and oldest city is Santa Fe in the interior.
Santa Fe, also named La Fe, is the second largest town on Isla de la Juventud of Cuba.

La Demajagua, Isle of Youth

La Demajagua
Other communities include Columbia, La Demajagua (formerly Santa Bárbara), Mac Kinley, Cuchilla Alta, Punta del Este, Sierra de Caballos and Sierra de Casas.
La Demajagua is a Cuban village and consejo popular ("people's council", i.e. hamlet) of the special municipality and province of Isla de la Juventud.

Gulf of Batabanó

Gulf of Batabano
It has an area 2,200 km2 and is 50 km south of the island of Cuba, across the Gulf of Batabanó.
The Gulf of Batabanó (Golfo de Batabanó; ), also called the Batabanó Gulf, is an inlet or strait off southwestern Cuba in the Caribbean Sea, separating mainland Cuba from the Isle of Youth.

Treasure Island

novelnovel of the same namethe novel
Pirate activity in and around the area left its trace in English literature; notably, Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, and Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie, each drawing on accounts of the island and its native and pirate inhabitants, by reflecting the long dugout canoes that both pirates and the indigenous peoples used, and the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus).

Pearcy v. Stranahan

In 1907, the U.S. Supreme Court decided, in Pearcy v. Stranahan, that control of the island was a political decision, not a judicial one.
Percy v. Stranahan, 205 U.S. 257 (1907), was a 1907 ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States in a tax case in which it determined that the Isle of Pines off the southern coast of Cuba was a "foreign country" for the purposes of tariffs under the Dingley Tariff Act of 1897, even though Cuba and the United States had agreed that the legal status of that island would remain undetermined until they settled the question by treaty.

Hay-Quesada Treaty

In 1904, Cuba and the United States negotiated and signed the Hay-Quesada Treaty, which recognized Cuba's sovereignty over the island.
By the terms of this treaty the U.S. recognized Cuban sovereignty over the territory of the Isle of Pines off the southern coast of the island of Cuba, which since 1978 has been known as Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth).

Fidel Castro

CastroFidelFidel Castro Ruz
Fidel Castro presided at a ceremony changing the name of the island from Isla de Pinos to Isla de la Juventud on 3 August 1978. The regime of Fulgencio Batista imprisoned Fidel Castro, after leading the failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in July 1953, in the Presidio Modelo from 1953 to 1955, as was his brother Raúl Castro.
Castro was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment in the hospital wing of the Model Prison (Presidio Modelo), a relatively comfortable and modern institution on the Isla de Pinos.

Voyages of Christopher Columbus

first voyagesecond voyagediscovery of America
The island was first sighted by Europeans in 1494 during Christopher Columbus's second voyage to the New World.
He explored the south coast of Juana, which he believed to be a peninsula of China rather than an island, and several nearby islands including La Evangelista (the Isle of Youth), before returning to Hispaniola on August 20.

Platt Amendment

Enmienda Plattformal independencenominal independence
The Platt Amendment of 1901, which defined Cuba's boundaries for the purposes of U.S. authorities, left the U.S. position on sovereignty over Isla de la Juventud undetermined.
It established that Cuba's boundaries would not include the Isle of Pines (Isla de la Juventud) until its title could be established in a future treaty.

Presidio Modelo

Model Prison
The Presidio Modelo was erected in 1926 and 1928.
The Presidio Modelo was a "model prison" with panopticon design, built on Isla de Pinos (now the Isla de la Juventud) in Cuba.

Cuban War of Independence

War of IndependenceCuban IndependenceCuban War for Independence
Following its defeat in the Spanish–American War and the Cuban War of Independence, Spain dropped all claims to Cuba under the terms of the 1898 Treaty of Paris.
The treaty did not set a designated time limit for U.S. occupation, and the Isle of Pines was excluded from Cuba.

Cuban Revolution

revolution1959 revolution1959 Cuban Revolution
Following the Cuban Revolution, the same facility was used to imprison the new regime's enemies and political dissidents.
Fidel was sentenced to 15 years in the Presidio Modelo prison, located on Isla de Pinos, while Raúl was sentenced to 13 years.

Batabanó, Cuba

BatabanóBatabanoBatabano, Cuba
Hydrofoils (kometas) and motorized catamarans will make the journey from Batabanó to Nueva Gerona in between two and three hours.
Nowadays is the main port for the communication to Isla de la Juventud (to the port of Nueva Gerona) and Cayo Largo del Sur with ferryboat and passenger regular services, as well as, an important fishing port.

Fulgencio Batista

BatistaBatista regimeFulgencio Batista y Zaldívar
The regime of Fulgencio Batista imprisoned Fidel Castro, after leading the failed attack on the Moncada Barracks in July 1953, in the Presidio Modelo from 1953 to 1955, as was his brother Raúl Castro.
Barquín was sentenced to solitary confinement for eight years on the Isle of Pines, while some officers were sentenced to death for treason.

Huber Matos

They included Huber Matos, an officer in the revolutionary army who attempted to resign and who said he was tortured there.
He served the first six and a half years of his sentence at the Isla de la Juventud prison, where Castro had been imprisoned in 1953, and the remainder in Havana's La Cabaña Prison.

Island

islandsIsland Groupoceanic island
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).

West Indies

West IndianCaribbean basinWest Indians
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).

Hispaniola

San DomingoSanto DomingoIsland of Hispaniola
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).

Trinidad

Island of TrinidadTrinidad IslandTrinidadian
Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban island and the seventh-largest island in the West Indies (after Cuba itself, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Andros Island).