A report on Jesus in IslamJudaism and Islam

Jesus' name in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him
Judaica (clockwise from top): Shabbat candlesticks, handwashing cup, Chumash and Tanakh, Torah pointer, shofar and etrog box
The Kaaba at Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest Islamic site
The Annunciation in miniature
Maccabees by Wojciech Stattler (1842)
Muhammad receiving his first revelation from the angel Gabriel. From the manuscript Jami' al-Tawarikh by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, 1307.
According to the Quran, the pains of labor took Mary to the trunk of a palm tree.
A painting of Moses decorates the Dura-Europos synagogue dating from 244 CE
The first chapter of the Quran, Al-Fatiha (The Opening), is seven verses
The Jordan River, where Jesus was baptized by Yahya ibn Zakariya (John the Baptist).
The Western Wall in Jerusalem is a remnant of the wall encircling the Second Temple. The Temple Mount is the holiest site in Judaism.
A Persian miniature depicts Muhammad leading Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets in prayer.
Timeline of Arrival of Jesus before Judgement Day
Kennicott Bible, a 1476 Spanish Tanakh
Silver coin of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, inscribed with the Shahadah
The Minaret of Isa in the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus
Aleppo Codex, a Tanakh produced in Tiberias in the 10th century
Muslim men prostrating in prayer, at the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus.
Jesus and Mary in an old Persian miniature
A man holds up a Sephardi-style torah at the Western Wall, Jerusalem
A fast-breaking feast, known as Iftar, is served traditionally with dates
Muhammad leads Jesus, Abraham, Moses and others in prayer. Medieval Persian miniature.
Statue of Maimonides in Córdoba, Spain
Pilgrims at the Great Mosque of Mecca during the Hajj season
Conservative women rabbis, Israel
Muslim men reading the Quran
El Ghriba synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia
Portrait of the Mughal Emperor Akbar supplicating to God.
Beta Israeli Kahen at the Western Wall
Rashidun and Umayyad expansion
A Yemenite Jew at morning prayers, wearing a kippah skullcap, prayer shawl and tefillin
Dome of the Rock built by caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan; completed at the end of the Second Fitna
An Israeli female soldier prays at the Western Wall
The eye, according to Hunain ibn Ishaq from a manuscript dated c. 1200
Jewish boys wearing tzitzit and kippot play soccer in Jerusalem
Ghazan Khan, 7th Ilkhanate ruler of the Mongol Empire, converts to Islam
Men wearing tallitot pray at the Western Wall
Abdülmecid II was the last Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman dynasty.
Two braided Shabbat challahs placed under an embroidered challah cover at the start of the Shabbat meal
World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).
Jews in Mumbai break the Yom Kippur fast with roti and samosas
The nine volumes of Sahih Al-Bukhari, one of the six Sunni hadith books
Purim street scene in Jerusalem
The Imam Hussein Shrine in Iraq is a holy site for Shia Muslims
Jewish personnel of the US Navy light candles on Hanukkah
An overview of the major sects and madhahib of Islam
A man reads a torah using a yad
The Whirling Dervishes, or Mevlevi Order by the tomb of Sufi-mystic Rumi
The Sarajevo Synagogue in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Islamic schools of law in the Muslim world
Great Synagogue (Jerusalem)
Crimean Tatar Muslim students (1856)
Congregation Emanu-El of New York
Islamic veils represent modesty
18th-century circumcision chair Museum of Jewish Art and History
John of Damascus, under the Umayyad Caliphate, viewed Islamic doctrines as a hodgepodge from the Bible.
Two boys wearing tallit at a bar mitzvah. The torah is visible in the foreground.
Great Mosque of Djenné, in the west African country of Mali
The Bereavement (Yahrtzeit) Hasidic tish, Bnei Brak, Israel
Dome in Po-i-Kalyan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
Jewish students with their teacher in Samarkand, Uzbekistan c. 1910.
14th century Great Mosque of Xi'an in China
Magen David Synagogue in Kolkata, India
16th century Menara Kudus Mosque in Indonesia showing Indian influence
A Yemeni sofer writing a torah in the 1930s
The phrase Bismillah in an 18th-century Islamic calligraphy from the Ottoman region.
Judaism is practiced around the world. This is an 1889 siddur published in Hebrew and Marathi for use by the Bene Israel community
Geometric arabesque tiling on the underside of the dome of Hafiz Shirazi's tomb in Shiraz, Iran
The 12th century Synagogue of Santa María la Blanca in Toledo, Spain was converted to a church shortly after anti-Jewish pogroms in 1391
Ulu mosque in Utrecht, Netherlands
Muslim women in the mellah of Essaouira
The bimah of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo, Egypt

In Islam, Jesus (عِيسَى ٱبْنُ مَرْيَمَ) is believed to be the penultimate prophet and messenger of God (Allah) and the Messiah.

- Jesus in Islam

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times through earlier prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, among others; these earlier revelations are attributed to Judaism and Christianity, which are regarded in Islam as spiritual predecessor faiths.

- Islam

Judaism's texts, traditions, and values strongly influenced later Abrahamic religions, including Christianity and Islam.

- Judaism

An alternative, more esoteric, interpretation is expounded by Messianic Muslims in the Sufi and Isma'ili traditions so as to unite Islam, Christianity and Judaism into a single religious continuum.

- Jesus in Islam

While both religions are monotheistic and share many commonalities, they differ based on the fact that Jews do not consider Jesus or Muhammad to be prophets.

- Judaism
Jesus' name in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him

2 related topics with Alpha

Overall

"Muhammad, the Messenger of God."
inscribed on the gates of the Prophet's Mosque in Medina

Muhammad

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"Muhammad, the Messenger of God."
inscribed on the gates of the Prophet's Mosque in Medina
"Muhammad" written in Thuluth, a script variety of Islamic calligraphy
A folio from an early Quran, written in Kufic script (Abbasid period, 8th–9th centuries)
Main tribes and settlements of Arabia in Muhammad's lifetime
Miniature from Rashid-al-Din Hamadani's Jami al-Tawarikh,, illustrating the story of Muhammad's role in re-setting the Black Stone in 605. (Ilkhanate period)
The cave Hira in the mountain Jabal al-Nour where, according to Muslim belief, Muhammad received his first revelation
Muhammad receiving his first revelation from Gabriel in Jami' al-tawarikh by Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb (1307)
The last verse from An-Najm: "So prostrate to Allah and worship." Muhammad's message of monotheism challenged the traditional order
The Al-Aqsa Mosque, part of the al-Haram ash-Sharif complex in Jerusalem and built in 705, was named the "farthest mosque" to honor the possible location to which Muhammad travelled in his night journey.
Quranic inscriptions on the Dome of the Rock. It marks the spot Muhammad is believed by Muslims to have ascended to heaven.
"The Prophet Muhammad and the Muslim Army at the Battle of Uhud", from a 1595 edition of the Mamluk-Turkic Siyer-i Nebi
The Masjid al-Qiblatayn, where Muhammad established the new Qibla, or direction of prayer
The Kaaba in Mecca long held a major economic and religious role for the area. Seventeen months after Muhammad's arrival in Medina, it became the Muslim Qibla, or direction for prayer (salat). The Kaaba has been rebuilt several times; the present structure, built in 1629, is a reconstruction of an earlier building dating to 683.
A depiction of Muhammad (with veiled face) advancing on Mecca from Siyer-i Nebi, a 16th-century Ottoman manuscript. The angels Gabriel, Michael, Israfil and Azrail, are also shown.
Conquests of Muhammad (green lines) and the Rashidun caliphs (black lines). Shown: Byzantine empire (North and West) & Sassanid-Persian empire (Northeast).
Anonymous illustration of al-Bīrūnī's The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries, depicting Muhammad prohibiting Nasī’ during the Farewell Pilgrimage, 17th-century Ottoman copy of a 14th-century (Ilkhanate) manuscript (Edinburgh codex).
A hilya containing a description of Muhammad, by Ottoman calligrapher Hâfiz Osman (1642–1698)
The tomb of Muhammad is located in the quarters of his third wife, Aisha. (Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Medina)
The Muslim profession of faith, the Shahadah, illustrates the Muslim conception of the role of Muhammad: "There is no god except the God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God." in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Turkey
Calligraphic rendering of "may God honor him and grant him peace", customarily added after Muhammad's name, encoded as a ligature at Unicode code point U+FDFA..
Muhammad's entry into Mecca and the destruction of idols. Muhammad is shown as a flame in this manuscript. Found in Bazil's Hamla-i Haydari, Jammu and Kashmir, India, 1808.
Muhammad in La vie de Mahomet by M. Prideaux (1699). He holds a sword and a crescent while trampling on a globe, a cross, and the Ten Commandments.
Makkah Al Mukarramah Library (21.425°N, 39.83°W) is believed to stand on the spot where Muhammad was born, so it is also known as Bayt al-Mawlid
The Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, also known as the Haram ash-Sharif or the Temple Mount, takes its name from the "farthest mosque" described in Surah 17, where Muhammad travelled in his night journey.
Expansion of the caliphate, 622–750 CE.
Muhammad, 622–632 CE.
Rashidun caliphate, 632–661 CE.
Umayyad caliphate, 661–750 CE.

Muhammad ibn Abdullah (مُحَمَّد ٱبن عَبْد ٱللَّٰه, Classical Arabic pronunciation: ; c. undefined 570 – 8 June 632 CE) was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of the world religion of Islam.

According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet divinely inspired to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.

Judaism became the dominant religion in Yemen while Christianity took root in the Persian Gulf area.

A diagram of the Trinity

Trinity

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The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Trinitas, from trinus 'threefold') defines one God existing in three coequal, coeternal, consubstantial divine persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ) and God the Holy Spirit, three distinct persons sharing one homoousion (essence).

The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Trinitas, from trinus 'threefold') defines one God existing in three coequal, coeternal, consubstantial divine persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus Christ) and God the Holy Spirit, three distinct persons sharing one homoousion (essence).

A diagram of the Trinity
Russian icon of the Old Testament Trinity by Andrei Rublev, between 1408 and 1425
God in the person of the Son confronts Adam and Eve, by Master Bertram (d. c. 1415)
Detail of the earliest known artwork of the Trinity, the Dogmatic or Trinity Sarcophagus, c. undefined 350 (Vatican Museums): Three similar figures, representing the Trinity, are involved in the creation of Eve, whose much smaller figure is cut off at lower right; to her right, Adam lies on the ground
The Adoration of the Trinity by Albrecht Dürer (1511): from top to bottom: Holy Spirit (dove), God the Father and the crucified Christ
The "Heavenly Trinity" joined to the "Earthly Trinity" through the Incarnation of the Son – The Heavenly and Earthly Trinities by Murillo (c. 1677).
The Glory of Saint Nicholas, by António Manuel da Fonseca. Nicholas of Myra, a participant in the First Council of Nicaea, achieves the beatific vision in the shape of the Holy Trinity.
The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca, 15th century
A depiction of the Council of Nicaea in AD 325, at which the Deity of Christ was declared orthodox and Arianism condemned
A Greek fresco of Athanasius of Alexandria, the chief architect of the Nicene Creed, formulated at Nicaea.
Depiction of Trinity from Saint Denis Basilica in Paris (12th century)
Father, The Holy Spirit, and Christ Crucified, depicted in a Welsh manuscript. {{circa|1390–1400}}
The Holy Trinity in an angelic glory over a landscape, by Lucas Cranach the Elder (d. 1553)
God the Father (top), and the Holy Spirit (represented by a dove) depicted above Jesus. Painting by Francesco Albani (d. 1660)
God the Father (top), the Holy Spirit (a dove), and child Jesus, painting by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (d. 1682)
Pope Clement I prays to the Trinity, in a typical post-Renaissance depiction by Gianbattista Tiepolo (d. 1770)
Atypical depiction. The Son is identified by a lamb, the Father an Eye of Providence, and the Spirit a dove, painting by Fridolin Leiber (d. 1912)
13th-century depiction of the Trinity from a Roman de la Rose manuscript

Judaism traditionally maintains a tradition of monotheism that excludes the possibility of a Trinity.

Islam considers Jesus to be a prophet, but not divine, and God to be absolutely indivisible (a concept known as tawhid).