A report on IslamJudaism and Trinity

The Kaaba at Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest Islamic site
Judaica (clockwise from top): Shabbat candlesticks, handwashing cup, Chumash and Tanakh, Torah pointer, shofar and etrog box
A diagram of the Trinity
Muhammad receiving his first revelation from the angel Gabriel. From the manuscript Jami' al-Tawarikh by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, 1307.
Maccabees by Wojciech Stattler (1842)
Russian icon of the Old Testament Trinity by Andrei Rublev, between 1408 and 1425
The first chapter of the Quran, Al-Fatiha (The Opening), is seven verses
A painting of Moses decorates the Dura-Europos synagogue dating from 244 CE
God in the person of the Son confronts Adam and Eve, by Master Bertram (d. c. 1415)
A Persian miniature depicts Muhammad leading Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets in prayer.
The Western Wall in Jerusalem is a remnant of the wall encircling the Second Temple. The Temple Mount is the holiest site in Judaism.
Detail of the earliest known artwork of the Trinity, the Dogmatic or Trinity Sarcophagus, c. undefined 350 (Vatican Museums): Three similar figures, representing the Trinity, are involved in the creation of Eve, whose much smaller figure is cut off at lower right; to her right, Adam lies on the ground
Silver coin of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, inscribed with the Shahadah
Kennicott Bible, a 1476 Spanish Tanakh
The Adoration of the Trinity by Albrecht Dürer (1511): from top to bottom: Holy Spirit (dove), God the Father and the crucified Christ
Muslim men prostrating in prayer, at the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus.
Aleppo Codex, a Tanakh produced in Tiberias in the 10th century
The "Heavenly Trinity" joined to the "Earthly Trinity" through the Incarnation of the Son – The Heavenly and Earthly Trinities by Murillo (c. 1677).
A fast-breaking feast, known as Iftar, is served traditionally with dates
A man holds up a Sephardi-style torah at the Western Wall, Jerusalem
The Glory of Saint Nicholas, by António Manuel da Fonseca. Nicholas of Myra, a participant in the First Council of Nicaea, achieves the beatific vision in the shape of the Holy Trinity.
Pilgrims at the Great Mosque of Mecca during the Hajj season
Statue of Maimonides in Córdoba, Spain
The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca, 15th century
Muslim men reading the Quran
Conservative women rabbis, Israel
A depiction of the Council of Nicaea in AD 325, at which the Deity of Christ was declared orthodox and Arianism condemned
Portrait of the Mughal Emperor Akbar supplicating to God.
El Ghriba synagogue in Djerba, Tunisia
A Greek fresco of Athanasius of Alexandria, the chief architect of the Nicene Creed, formulated at Nicaea.
Rashidun and Umayyad expansion
Beta Israeli Kahen at the Western Wall
Depiction of Trinity from Saint Denis Basilica in Paris (12th century)
Dome of the Rock built by caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan; completed at the end of the Second Fitna
A Yemenite Jew at morning prayers, wearing a kippah skullcap, prayer shawl and tefillin
Father, The Holy Spirit, and Christ Crucified, depicted in a Welsh manuscript. {{circa|1390–1400}}
The eye, according to Hunain ibn Ishaq from a manuscript dated c. 1200
An Israeli female soldier prays at the Western Wall
The Holy Trinity in an angelic glory over a landscape, by Lucas Cranach the Elder (d. 1553)
Ghazan Khan, 7th Ilkhanate ruler of the Mongol Empire, converts to Islam
Jewish boys wearing tzitzit and kippot play soccer in Jerusalem
God the Father (top), and the Holy Spirit (represented by a dove) depicted above Jesus. Painting by Francesco Albani (d. 1660)
Abdülmecid II was the last Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman dynasty.
Men wearing tallitot pray at the Western Wall
God the Father (top), the Holy Spirit (a dove), and child Jesus, painting by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (d. 1682)
World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).
Two braided Shabbat challahs placed under an embroidered challah cover at the start of the Shabbat meal
Pope Clement I prays to the Trinity, in a typical post-Renaissance depiction by Gianbattista Tiepolo (d. 1770)
The nine volumes of Sahih Al-Bukhari, one of the six Sunni hadith books
Jews in Mumbai break the Yom Kippur fast with roti and samosas
Atypical depiction. The Son is identified by a lamb, the Father an Eye of Providence, and the Spirit a dove, painting by Fridolin Leiber (d. 1912)
The Imam Hussein Shrine in Iraq is a holy site for Shia Muslims
Purim street scene in Jerusalem
13th-century depiction of the Trinity from a Roman de la Rose manuscript
An overview of the major sects and madhahib of Islam
Jewish personnel of the US Navy light candles on Hanukkah
The Whirling Dervishes, or Mevlevi Order by the tomb of Sufi-mystic Rumi
A man reads a torah using a yad
Islamic schools of law in the Muslim world
The Sarajevo Synagogue in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Crimean Tatar Muslim students (1856)
Great Synagogue (Jerusalem)
Islamic veils represent modesty
Congregation Emanu-El of New York
John of Damascus, under the Umayyad Caliphate, viewed Islamic doctrines as a hodgepodge from the Bible.
18th-century circumcision chair Museum of Jewish Art and History
Great Mosque of Djenné, in the west African country of Mali
Two boys wearing tallit at a bar mitzvah. The torah is visible in the foreground.
Dome in Po-i-Kalyan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
The Bereavement (Yahrtzeit) Hasidic tish, Bnei Brak, Israel
14th century Great Mosque of Xi'an in China
Jewish students with their teacher in Samarkand, Uzbekistan c. 1910.
16th century Menara Kudus Mosque in Indonesia showing Indian influence
Magen David Synagogue in Kolkata, India
The phrase Bismillah in an 18th-century Islamic calligraphy from the Ottoman region.
A Yemeni sofer writing a torah in the 1930s
Geometric arabesque tiling on the underside of the dome of Hafiz Shirazi's tomb in Shiraz, Iran
Judaism is practiced around the world. This is an 1889 siddur published in Hebrew and Marathi for use by the Bene Israel community
Ulu mosque in Utrecht, Netherlands
The 12th century Synagogue of Santa María la Blanca in Toledo, Spain was converted to a church shortly after anti-Jewish pogroms in 1391
Muslim women in the mellah of Essaouira
The bimah of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo, Egypt

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times through earlier prophets such as Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, among others; these earlier revelations are attributed to Judaism and Christianity, which are regarded in Islam as spiritual predecessor faiths.

- Islam

Judaism's texts, traditions, and values strongly influenced later Abrahamic religions, including Christianity and Islam.

- Judaism

God is seen as incomparable and without partners such as in the Christian Trinity, and associating partners to God or attributing God's attributes to others is seen as idolatory, called shirk.

- Islam

Judaism traditionally maintains a tradition of monotheism that excludes the possibility of a Trinity.

- Trinity

Islam considers Jesus to be a prophet, but not divine, and God to be absolutely indivisible (a concept known as tawhid).

- Trinity

The movement generally states that Jesus is the Jewish Messiah, that he is one of the Three Divine Persons, and that salvation is only achieved through acceptance of Jesus as one's savior.

- Judaism
The Kaaba at Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest Islamic site

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The tetragrammaton in Paleo-Hebrew (10th century BCE to 135 CE), old Aramaic (10th century BCE to 4th century CE), and square Hebrew (3rd century BCE to present) scripts.


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Belief that there is only one deity, an all-supreme being that is universally referred to as God.

Belief that there is only one deity, an all-supreme being that is universally referred to as God.

The tetragrammaton in Paleo-Hebrew (10th century BCE to 135 CE), old Aramaic (10th century BCE to 4th century CE), and square Hebrew (3rd century BCE to present) scripts.
The Trinity is the belief in Christianity that God is one God in essence but three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus), and God the Holy Spirit.
God in The Creation of Adam, fresco by Michelangelo (c. 1508–1512)
Arabic calligraphy reading "Allah, may his glory be glorified"
Mandaean pendant
Baháʼí House of Worship, Langenhain, Germany
Pharaoh Akhenaten and his family adoring the Aten.
Shang Dynasty bronze script character for tian (天), which translates to Heaven and sky.
Krishna displays his Vishvarupa (universal form) to Arjuna on the battlefield of Kurukshetra.
Faravahar (or Ferohar), one of the primary symbols of Zoroastrianism, believed to be the depiction of a Fravashi (guardian spirit)
A Sikh temple, known as Nanaksar Gurudwara, in Alberta, Canada.
Ik Onkār, a Sikh symbol representing "the One Supreme Reality"
Fictionalized portrait of Xenophanes from a 17th-century engraving
Remains of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, Greece.

Monotheism characterizes the traditions of Bábism, the Baháʼí Faith, Cheondoism, Christianity, Deism, Druzism, Eckankar, Sikhism, some sects of Hinduism (such as Shaivism and Vaishnavism), Islam, Judaism, Mandaeism, Rastafari, Seicho-no-Ie, Tenrikyo, Yazidism, and Atenism.

Some in Judaism and some in Islam do not consider Trinitarian Christianity to be a pure form of monotheism due to the pluriform monotheistic Christian doctrine of the Trinity, classifying it as shituf in Judaism and as shirk in Islam.

Jesus' name in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him

Jesus in Islam

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Jesus' name in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him
The Annunciation in miniature
According to the Quran, the pains of labor took Mary to the trunk of a palm tree.
The Jordan River, where Jesus was baptized by Yahya ibn Zakariya (John the Baptist).
Timeline of Arrival of Jesus before Judgement Day
The Minaret of Isa in the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus
Jesus and Mary in an old Persian miniature
Muhammad leads Jesus, Abraham, Moses and others in prayer. Medieval Persian miniature.

In Islam, Jesus (عِيسَى ٱبْنُ مَرْيَمَ) is believed to be the penultimate prophet and messenger of God (Allah) and the Messiah.

Mainstream Islamic traditions have rejected any divine notions of Jesus being God, or begotten Son of God, or the Trinity.

An alternative, more esoteric, interpretation is expounded by Messianic Muslims in the Sufi and Isma'ili traditions so as to unite Islam, Christianity and Judaism into a single religious continuum.