A report on Islam

The Kaaba at Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest Islamic site
Muhammad receiving his first revelation from the angel Gabriel. From the manuscript Jami' al-Tawarikh by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, 1307.
The first chapter of the Quran, Al-Fatiha (The Opening), is seven verses
A Persian miniature depicts Muhammad leading Abraham, Moses, Jesus and other prophets in prayer.
Silver coin of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, inscribed with the Shahadah
Muslim men prostrating in prayer, at the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus.
A fast-breaking feast, known as Iftar, is served traditionally with dates
Pilgrims at the Great Mosque of Mecca during the Hajj season
Muslim men reading the Quran
Portrait of the Mughal Emperor Akbar supplicating to God.
Rashidun and Umayyad expansion
Dome of the Rock built by caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan; completed at the end of the Second Fitna
The eye, according to Hunain ibn Ishaq from a manuscript dated c. 1200
Ghazan Khan, 7th Ilkhanate ruler of the Mongol Empire, converts to Islam
Abdülmecid II was the last Caliph of Islam from the Ottoman dynasty.
World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).
The nine volumes of Sahih Al-Bukhari, one of the six Sunni hadith books
The Imam Hussein Shrine in Iraq is a holy site for Shia Muslims
An overview of the major sects and madhahib of Islam
The Whirling Dervishes, or Mevlevi Order by the tomb of Sufi-mystic Rumi
Islamic schools of law in the Muslim world
Crimean Tatar Muslim students (1856)
Islamic veils represent modesty
John of Damascus, under the Umayyad Caliphate, viewed Islamic doctrines as a hodgepodge from the Bible.
Great Mosque of Djenné, in the west African country of Mali
Dome in Po-i-Kalyan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
14th century Great Mosque of Xi'an in China
16th century Menara Kudus Mosque in Indonesia showing Indian influence
The phrase Bismillah in an 18th-century Islamic calligraphy from the Ottoman region.
Geometric arabesque tiling on the underside of the dome of Hafiz Shirazi's tomb in Shiraz, Iran
Ulu mosque in Utrecht, Netherlands

Abrahamic monotheistic religion, centred primarily around the Quran, a religious text that is considered by Muslims to be the direct word of God (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main and final Islamic prophet.

- Islam
The Kaaba at Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest Islamic site

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The minaret in Tunisia's Great Mosque of Kairouan. Historically, the muezzin would call to prayer from the minaret.

Adhan

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The minaret in Tunisia's Great Mosque of Kairouan. Historically, the muezzin would call to prayer from the minaret.
photo of kalima at Bab al-Nasr of Shia Fatimid dynasty of Cairo with phrase ʿalīyun walīyu -llāh
The qiblah of Mustansir of Shia Fatimid dynasty of, in Mosque of Ibn Tulun of Cairo showing Kalimat ash-shahādah with the phrase ʿalīyun walīyu -llāh

Adhan (أَذَان ; also variously transliterated as athan, adhane (in French), azan (in Iran and south Asia), adzan (in Southeast Asia), and ezan (in Turkish), among other languages ) is the Islamic call to public prayer (salah) in a mosque recited by a muezzin at prescribed times of the day.

Territorial control by the contenders to the caliphate during the peak of the civil war (686)

Second Fitna

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Territorial control by the contenders to the caliphate during the peak of the civil war (686)
The main campaigns and battles of the Second Fitna
Battle of Karbala by Abbas Al-Musavi
Approximate map of areas under Ibn al-Zubayr's influence after the death of Mu'awiya II
Sasanian-style dirham of Ibn al-Zubayr
First Umayyad gold dinar depicting Abd al-Malik
Ashura procession in Tehran
Calligraphic representation of the name of Mahdi as it appears in the Prophet's Mosque in Medina

The Second Fitna was a period of general political and military disorder and civil war in the Islamic community during the early Umayyad Caliphate.

The Islamic Center of America, the largest mosque in the USA, located in Michigan

Islam in the Americas

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The Islamic Center of America, the largest mosque in the USA, located in Michigan

Islam is a minority religion in all of the countries and territories of the Americas, around 1% of North America population are Muslims, and 0.1% of Latin America and Caribbean population are Muslims.

The three dimensions of Islam including iman.

Iman (Islam)

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The three dimensions of Islam including iman.

Iman (إِيمَان ʾīmān, lit. faith or belief) in Islamic theology denotes a believer's faith in the metaphysical aspects of Islam.

Muhammad Rashid Rida

Rashid Rida

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Prominent Islamic scholar, reformer, theologian and revivalist.

Prominent Islamic scholar, reformer, theologian and revivalist.

Muhammad Rashid Rida
Wahhabi leader 'Abd al-'Azeez ibn Saud inspecting captured weapons after the Conquest of Ha'il (1921)
The city of Damascus in flames after French artillery shelling during the Syrian Revolt of 1925
Shaykh Rashid Rida with the Syrian Islamic scholar :a'Abd al-Qadir Al-Maghribi in early 1935 C.E
A rare photo of Muhammād Rashīd Rida accompanied by his acolytes

In 1919, he published Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab's Kashf al-Shubuhat (Removal of Doubts); and by 1920, Rida had begun extolling ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab as a Mujadid of Islam in Nejd.

Athari

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One of the main Sunni schools of Islamic theology.

One of the main Sunni schools of Islamic theology.

It emerged as an Islamic scholarly movement in the late 8th century CE, which rejects the formulation of Islamic doctrine derived from rationalistic Islamic theology (kalām) in favor of strict textualism in interpreting the Quran and the ḥadīth.

World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Islamic missionary activity

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World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).
Islamic Dawah Center in Houston, Texas

Islamic invitation work or dawah means to "invite" (in Arabic, literally "invitation") to Islam.

Sasanian-style silver dirham minted in the name of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr in Fars in 690/91

Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr

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The leader of a caliphate based in Mecca that rivaled the Umayyads from 683 until his death.

The leader of a caliphate based in Mecca that rivaled the Umayyads from 683 until his death.

Sasanian-style silver dirham minted in the name of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr in Fars in 690/91
Sasanian-style silver dirham minted in the name of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr in Fars in 690/91
The Ka'aba in 1882. Throughout his revolt, Ibn al-Zubayr used the sanctuary as his base of operations and it was twice besieged, in 683 and 692. He rebuilt it following severe damage during the first siege, but his changes were later reversed.
Map of the Caliphate c. 684, during the Second Muslim Civil War. Ibn al-Zubayr's sovereignty as caliph was recognized in the Hejaz, Yemen, Egypt, Iraq and the districts of Fars and Kerman (areas shaded in green)

The son of al-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam and Asma bint Abi Bakr, Ibn al-Zubayr belonged to the Quraysh, the leading tribe of the nascent Muslim community, and was the first child born to the Muhajirun, Islam's earliest converts.

The name Adam written in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him.

Adam in Islam

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Believed to have been the first human being on Earth and the first prophet of Islam.

Believed to have been the first human being on Earth and the first prophet of Islam.

The name Adam written in Islamic calligraphy followed by Peace be upon him.
Adam honoured by angels - Persian miniature (c. 1560)

Muslims see Adam as the first Muslim, as the Quran states that all the Prophets preached the same faith of Islam (إسلام, Submission to God).

Nabataean trade routes in Pre-Islamic Arabia

Pre-Islamic Arabia

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Pre-Islamic Arabia (شبه الجزيرة العربية قبل الإسلام) refers to the Arabian Peninsula prior to the emergence of Islam in 610 CE.

Pre-Islamic Arabia (شبه الجزيرة العربية قبل الإسلام) refers to the Arabian Peninsula prior to the emergence of Islam in 610 CE.

Nabataean trade routes in Pre-Islamic Arabia
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Dilmun and its neighbors in the 10th century BCE.
Gerrha and its neighbors in 1 CE.
Asia in 600 CE, showing the Sassanid Empire before the Arab conquest.
Phoenicians man their ships in service to Assyrian king Sennacherib, during his war against the Chaldeans in the Persian Gulf, c. 700 BCE
Sabaean inscription addressed to the moon-god Almaqah, mentioning five South Arabian gods, two reigning sovereigns and two governors, 7th century BCE
A Griffin from the royal palace at Shabwa, the capital city of Hadhramaut
Statue of Ammaalay, 1st century BCE, Yemen
The 'Crowned Man' excavated from the Stone Building in Zafar.
Location of Dedan
Colossal statue from al-Ula, it followed the standardized artistic sculpting of the Lihyanite kingdom, the original statue was painted with white
Arab soldier (Old Persian cuneiform: 𐎠𐎼𐎲𐎠𐎹, Arabāya) of the Achaemenid army, circa 480 BCE. Xerxes I tomb relief.
Al Khazneh in the ruins of Petra (Jordan)
Map showing Roman emperor Trajan control of northwestern Arabia until Hegra (actual Mada'in Saleh)
Approximate locations of some of the important tribes and Empire of the Arabian Peninsula at the dawn of Islam (approximately 600 CE / 50 BH).
South Arabian stele, bust of female raising her hand, with the donor's name, Rathadum, written below; 1st century BC-1st century AD; calcite-alabaster; 32.1 cm (12.6 in) x 23.3 cm (9.1 in) x 3.5 cm (1.3 in); Walters Art Museum (Baltimore).
Votive alabaster figurines from Yemen that represent seated women and female heads; 3rd-1st century BC; National Museum of Oriental Art (Rome, Italy)
Stele, male wearing a baldric – an iconic artwork for pre-Islamic Arabia; 4th millennium BCE, Al-'Ula (Saudi Arabia); exhibition at the National Museum of Korea (Seoul)
Another anthropomorphic stele from pre-Islamic Saudi Arabia
Limestone sculpture from pre-Islamic Yemen that represents a ram
Bas-relief with a palm tree; Sana'a, ancient Yemen, alabaster.
Miniature gate; Zafar, Yemen, 2rd-3rd century AD.
Pergamon Museum (Berlin). Exhibition "Roads of Arabia": Funeral mask and glove (1st century AD), gold, from Thaj, Tell Al-Zayer (National Museum, Riyadh)
Dhamar Ali Yahbur II, King of Himyarite

The history of Pre-Islamic Arabia before the rise of Islam in the 610s is not known in great detail.