Islam in India

Indian MuslimsIndian MuslimMuslimsMuslimIslamMuslims in IndiaIndiaMohamaddanMuslim communityIndians
Islam is the second-largest religion in India, with 14.2% of the country's population or approx.wikipedia
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Religion in India

religionIndiareligions of India
Islam is the second-largest religion in India, with 14.2% of the country's population or approx.
According to the 2011 census, 79.8% of the population of India practices Hinduism, 14.2% adheres to Islam, 2.3% adheres to Christianity, 1.7% adheres to Sikhism, and 0.7% adheres to Buddhism.

Grand Mufti of India

IndiaOffice of the Grand Mufti
The religious administration of each state is headed by the Mufti of the State under the supervision of the Grand Mufti of India, the most senior, most influential religious authority and spiritual leader of Muslims in India.
He is the most senior, most influential religious authority and spiritual leader of Muslims in India.

Indo-Islamic architecture

Indo-IslamicIndianIndo-Islamic architectural
The time period of their rule included the earliest forms of Indo-Islamic architecture, increased growth rates in India's population and economy, and the emergence of the Hindi-Urdu language.
Indo-Islamic architecture is the architecture of the Indian subcontinent produced by and for Islamic patrons and purposes.

Culture of India

Indian cultureIndianculture
Islam mainly arrived in North India and Bengal in the 12th century via the Turkic conquests and has since become a part of India's religious and cultural heritage, with the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire having ruled most of India and the Bengal Sultanate and Deccan sultanates having played major economic and political roles.
Although India is a secular Hindu-majority country, it has a large Muslim population.

India–Pakistan relations

India and PakistanIndia-Pakistan relationsIndo-Pakistani relations
The violent nature of the partition created an atmosphere of mutual hostility and suspicion between India and Pakistan that plagues their relationship to this day.
India emerged as a secular nation with a Hindu majority population and a large Muslim minority, while Pakistan with a Muslim majority population and a large Hindu minority later became an Islamic Republic although its constitution guaranteed freedom of religion to people of all faiths.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
Until 1920, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, later the founder of Pakistan, was a member of the Indian National Congress and was part of the independence struggle.
Traditional madrasahs—primary institutions of higher learning for Muslims in the subcontinent—were no longer supported by the English Crown, and nearly all of the madrasahs lost their financial endowment.

Shia Islam

ShiaShi'aShiite
The majority of Indian Muslims belong to the Sunni sect of Islam, while the Shia form a sizeable minority.

South India

Southern IndiaSouth IndianPeninsular India
The stories of South India's Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin also forms some of the earliest connection between Islam and Hinduism.
Urdu is spoken by around 12 million Muslims in southern India.

Muslims

MuslimMoslemMoslems
The religious administration of each state is headed by the Mufti of the State under the supervision of the Grand Mufti of India, the most senior, most influential religious authority and spiritual leader of Muslims in India. Over the centuries, there has been significant integration of Hindu and Muslim cultures across India and Muslims have played a notable role in economics, politics, and culture of India.
Sizable minorities are also found in India, China, Russia, Ethiopia, the Americas, Australia and parts of Europe.

Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam AzadMaulana AzadAzad
Abul Kalam Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan and Rafi Ahmed Kidwai are other Muslims who engaged in this endeavour.
Azad saw an opportunity to energise Indian Muslims and achieve major political and social reform through the struggle.

Deobandi

Deobandi movementDeobandisDeobandi Islamic movement
In the 19th century the Deobandi, a revivalist movement in Sunni Islam was established in India.
About 20% of the Indian Muslims identify as Deobandi.

Sachar Committee

Sachar Committee ReportSachar Report
However, the Sachar Committee Report shows that the Muslim Population Growth has slowed down and will be on par with national averages.
One of its initiatives was the commissioning of a report on the latest social, economic, and educational conditions of the Muslim community of India

Ahmedabad

AhmadabadAhmedabad, IndiaAhemdabad
In India also Wali-ul-Hind were appointed by them one after another until Wali-ul-Hind Moulai Qasim Khan bin Hasan (11th and last Wali-ul-Hind, d. 950 AH, Ahmedabad).
Following independence and the partition of India in 1947, the city was scarred by the intense communal violence that broke out between Hindus and Muslims in 1947, Ahmedabad was the focus for settlement by Hindu migrants from Pakistan, who expanded the city's population and transformed its demographics and economy.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The religious administration of each state is headed by the Mufti of the State under the supervision of the Grand Mufti of India, the most senior, most influential religious authority and spiritual leader of Muslims in India.
The 2011 census reported the religion in India with the largest number of followers was Hinduism (79.80% of the population), followed by Islam (14.23%); the remaining were Christianity (2.30%), Sikhism (1.72%), Buddhism (0.70%), Jainism (0.36%) and others (0.9%).

Malik clan (Bihar)

MalikMallickMallik
Some of the upper and middle caste Muslim communities include Syed, Shaikh, Shaikhzada, Khanzada, Pathan, Mughal, and Malik.
The Malik (or Malick, Mallick, ملک) are a Muslim community found in the state of Bihar in India.

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy

H. S. SuhrawardyHuseyn SuhrawardySuhrawardy
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy was also active in the Indian National Congress in Bengal, during his early political career.
By 1946–47, the support for the Pakistan Movement among the Indian Muslims had become very popular and it became inevitable for the creation of the nation-state through the partition of India by 1947.

Maharashtra

MaharastraMaharashtra StateMaharashtra, India
High concentrations of Muslims are also found in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, and Uttarakhand.
According to the 2011 census, Hinduism was the principal religion in the state at 79.8% of the total population, while Muslims constituted 11.5% of the total population.

Johnny Walker (actor)

Johnny WalkerJohny Walker Johnny Walker
These include Yusuf Khan (stage name Dilip Kumar), Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan, Saif Ali Khan, Madhubala, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Naseeruddin Shah, Johnny Walker, Shabana Azmi, Waheeda Rehman, Amjad Khan, Parveen Babi, Feroz Khan, Meena Kumari, Prem Nazir, Mammootty, Nargis, Irrfan Khan, Farida Jalal, Arshad Warsi, Mehmood, Zeenat Aman, Farooq Sheikh and Tabu.
Born to a Muslim family, he was named Badruddin Jamaluddin Kazi at birth.

Bengali Muslims

Bengali MuslimMuslimBengalis
Studies of Bengali Muslims in India indicate that the concepts of purity and impurity exist among them and are applicable in inter-group relationships, as the notions of hygiene and cleanliness in a person are related to the person's social position and not to his/her economic status.
Under the leadership of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan the promotion the English language among Muslims of India also influenced Bengali Muslim society.

Naushad

Naushad AliNahshad AliNaushadali
Academy Awards winners Resul Pookutty and A. R. Rahman, Naushad, Salim–Sulaiman and Nadeem Akhtar of the Nadeem–Shravan duo are some of India's celebrated musicians.
Naushad Ali was born on 25 December 1919 in Lucknow and raised there also, a city with a long tradition as a center of Indian Muslim culture.

Mahatma Gandhi

GandhiMohandas GandhiMohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (popularly known as "Frontier Gandhi") was a noted nationalist who spent 45 of his 95 years of life in jail; Barakatullah of Bhopal was one of the founders of the Ghadar Party, which created a network of anti-British organisations; Syed Rahmat Shah of the Ghadar Party worked as an underground revolutionary in France and was hanged for his part in the unsuccessful Ghadar Mutiny in 1915; Ali Ahmad Siddiqui of Faizabad (UP) planned the Indian Mutiny in Malaya and Burma, along with Syed Mujtaba Hussain of Jaunpur, and was hanged in 1917; Vakkom Abdul Khadir of Kerala participated in the "Quit India" struggle in 1942 and was hanged; Umar Subhani, an industrialist and millionaire from Bombay, provided Mahatma Gandhi with Congress expenses and ultimately died for the cause of independence.
Gandhi had a large Indian Muslim following, who he encouraged to join him in a mutual nonviolent jihad against the social oppression of their time.

List of mosques in India

first mosque in Indiafirst mosques in Indiamosques
The Cheraman Juma Mosque in Methala, Kerala and Barwada mosque in Ghogha, Gujarat are thought to be the first mosques in India, built before 623 CE by Arab merchants.

Cheraman Juma Mosque

Cheraman Juma Masjidthe first mosque of IndiaCheraman Jum'ah Masjid
The Cheraman Juma Mosque in Methala, Kerala and Barwada mosque in Ghogha, Gujarat are thought to be the first mosques in India, built before 623 CE by Arab merchants.

Muslim world

Islamic worldMuslim countriesIslamic countries
From the 13th century onwards, India began widely adopting mechanical technologies from the Islamic world, including water-raising wheels with gears and pulleys, machines with cams and cranks, papermaking technology, and the spinning wheel.
India is the country with the largest Muslim population outside Muslim-majority countries, having about 200 million Muslims (14.2% of its population).

Demographics of India

populationIndianIndians
The time period of their rule included the earliest forms of Indo-Islamic architecture, increased growth rates in India's population and economy, and the emergence of the Hindi-Urdu language.