Islamic State of Iraq

ISIal-Qaeda in IraqIslamic StateIslamic State in Iraq2010 revival ISI, new attacksa church full of ChristiansAl Qaeda in Iraqal-Qaeda in Iraq and SyriaISISIslamic state of Iraq (ISI)
The Islamic State of Iraq (ISI; دولة العراق الإسلامية ') (commonly referred to as al-Qaeda in Iraq''') was a militant Salafist jihadist group that aimed to establish an Islamic state in Sunni, Arab-majority areas of Iraq during the Iraq War and later in Syria during the Syrian Civil War.wikipedia
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Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad

Tawhid and JihadAl-Tawhid Wal-JihadJama'at al-Tawhid wal Jihad
Islamic State of Iraq traces its origins to Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad, which was formed by the Jordanian national Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in Jordan in 1999.
After several mergers with other groups, it changed its name several times until it called itself Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) in 2006.

Al-Qaeda

Al Qaedaal-QaidaAl Qaida
Jama'at participated in the Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011) following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces, and on 17 October 2004 al-Zarqawi had pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network; and the group became known as Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (commonly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq). In Operation Phantom Phoenix, over January–July 2008, the multi-national force in Iraq attempted to hunt down the last 200 Al-Qaeda extremists in the eastern Diyala Governorate, which resulted in 900 'insurgents' being killed and 2,500 captured, and 59 US, 776 Iraqi, three Georgian and one UK soldiers killed.
In November 2010, the militant group Islamic State of Iraq, which is linked to al-Qaeda in Iraq, threatened to "exterminate all Iraqi Christians".

Abu Suleiman al-Naser

Abu Suleiman al-NasserAl-Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleimanal-Nasser Lideen Illah Abu Suleiman
On 14 May 2010, al-Masri was succeeded by Abu Suleiman al-Naser (also known as al-Nasser Lideen Illah Abu Suleiman), who was in turn killed some time in 2011.
Nu'man Salman Mansour, also known as Al-Nasser Lideen Allah Abu Suleiman, was the military commander or "War Minister" of the militant group Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) during the Iraq War.

Abu Ayyub al-Masri

Abu Hamza al-MuhajirAbu Ayub al-MasriAyyub al-Masri
Shortly after al-Zarqawi's death, al-Qaeda in Iraq named a new leader, Abu-Hamzah al-Muhajir, thought to be a pseudonym, which the US military named as Abu Ayyub al-Masri, an Egyptian militant based in Baghdad.
He was prime minister of the Islamic State of Iraq from 2009–2010.

Mujahideen Shura Council (Iraq)

Mujahideen Shura CouncilMujahedeen Shura CouncilMujahedeen Shura Council of Iraq
In January 2006, Tanzim and five other Iraqi insurgent groups formed the Mujahideen Shura Council, which on 15 October 2006 merged to form Islamic State of Iraq.
In mid-October 2006, a statement was released, stating that the Mujahideen Shura Council had been disbanded, and was replaced by the Islamic State of Iraq.

Abu Omar al-Baghdadi

Abu Abdullah al-Rashid al-BaghdadiAbu Umar al-BaghdadiDeath of Abu Abdullah al-Rashid al-Baghdadi
Al-Masri and ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi were killed during a military operation on a safehouse on 18 April 2010.
Hamid Dawud Mohamed Khalil al-Zawi (حميد داود محمد خليل الزاوي, died 18 April 2010) known as Abu Hamza al-Baghdadi, and Abu Omar al-Qurashi al-Baghdadi was the leader of the militant groups Mujahideen Shura Council, and its successor, the Islamic State of Iraq, which fought against US forces and their Iraqi allies in the Iraq War.

Iraq War

Operation Iraqi FreedomIraqwar in Iraq
The Islamic State of Iraq (ISI; دولة العراق الإسلامية ') (commonly referred to as al-Qaeda in Iraq''') was a militant Salafist jihadist group that aimed to establish an Islamic state in Sunni, Arab-majority areas of Iraq during the Iraq War and later in Syria during the Syrian Civil War.
A statement posted on the Internet by the shadowy Islamic State of Iraq called Abu Risha "one of the dogs of Bush" and described Thursday's killing as a "heroic operation that took over a month to prepare".

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Abū Bakr al-BaghdadiAbu Bakr Al BaghdadiAbu al-Baghdadi
Abu Omar al-Baghdadi was succeeded as leader of ISI by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Following the renaming of the MSC as the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) in 2006, al-Baghdadi became the general supervisor of the ISI's sharia committee and a member of the group's senior consultative council.

Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn

al-Qaeda in IraqAl Qaeda in Iraqal-Qaida in Iraq
Jama'at participated in the Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011) following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces, and on 17 October 2004 al-Zarqawi had pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network; and the group became known as Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (commonly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq). In November 2010, 12 suspects, including Huthaifa al-Batawi, al-Qaeda in Iraq's "Emir of Baghdad", were arrested in connection with the October 2010 assault on Our Lady of Salvation church in Baghdad.
Autumn 2006, AQI took over Baqubah, the capital of Diyala Governorate, and before March 2007, AQI or its umbrella organization 'Islamic State of Iraq' (ISI) claimed Baqubah as its capital.

2010 Baghdad church massacre

2010 Baghdad church attackattackedOctober 2010 Baghdad church attack
ISI also targeted Christians in the 2010 Baghdad church massacre.
In the 2010 Baghdad church massacre, six suicide jihadist of a group called Islamic State of Iraq attacked an Assyrian church in Baghdad during Sunday evening Mass, on 31 October 2010, and began killing the worshipers.

Haji Bakr

Sameer Abid Mohammed al-HalefawiSamir Abd Muhammad al-KhlifawiSamir al-Khlifawi
Following Suleiman's death, the position of "War Minister" was replaced by a Military Council composed of former regime military officers under the leadership of Haji Bakr.
Following his release he became a senior leader in the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), and led the group's military council following the killing of top commanders Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri by US Forces in 2010.

Abu Ali al-Anbari

Abu Ala al-AfriAbu Alaa AfriAbd al-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli
The Daily Beast reported that al-Sweidawi was succeeded by senior ISIL figure Abu Ali al-Anbari, who was in turn killed on 24 March 2016.
When al-Zarqawi's successors, Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and Abu Ayyub al-Masri were killed in a joint U.S-Iraqi raid in 2010, the Islamic State of Iraq had to choose a new successor.

Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011)

Iraqi insurgencyIraqi insurgentsinsurgents
Jama'at participated in the Iraqi insurgency (2003–2011) following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces, and on 17 October 2004 al-Zarqawi had pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda network; and the group became known as Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (commonly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq). In January 2006, Tanzim and five other Iraqi insurgent groups formed the Mujahideen Shura Council, which on 15 October 2006 merged to form Islamic State of Iraq.
By July 2007 Diyala had fallen under almost total Insurgent control, and had become the headquarters for the Sunni-dominated Islamic State of Iraq, which has issued a proclamation declaring the regional capital Baqubah its capital.

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

ISISISILIslamic State
On 7 April 2013 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi transformed ISI into the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, ISIS, IS), which is still active today.

Abu Muhannad al-Suwaydawi

Abu Ayman al-IraqiAbu Mohannad al-Sweidawi
Al-Bilawi was killed on 4 June 2014, and was reportedly succeeded by Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi as leader of the ISIL Military Council.

Battle of Baqubah

Operation Arrowhead RipperArrowhead Ripperoffensive
Between March and August 2007, US and Iraqi government forces fought the Battle of Baqubah in the Diyala Governorate against AQI, "to eliminate al-Qaeda in Iraq terrorists operating in Baqubah and its surrounding areas", resulting in 227 AQI fighters being killed and 100 arrested, and 31 US and 12 Iraqi soldiers being killed.
In mid-October 2006, al-Qaeda announced the creation of Islamic state of Iraq (ISI), replacing the Mujahideen Shura Council (MSC) and its al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).

Diyala Governorate

DiyalaDiyala ProvinceAs Sa'Diyah
Between March and August 2007, US and Iraqi government forces fought the Battle of Baqubah in the Diyala Governorate against AQI, "to eliminate al-Qaeda in Iraq terrorists operating in Baqubah and its surrounding areas", resulting in 227 AQI fighters being killed and 100 arrested, and 31 US and 12 Iraqi soldiers being killed. At their height in 2006–2008, ISI had military units or strongholds in Mosul and in the governorates of Baghdad, Al Anbar and Diyala, and they claimed Baqubah as their capital. In Operation Phantom Phoenix, over January–July 2008, the multi-national force in Iraq attempted to hunt down the last 200 Al-Qaeda extremists in the eastern Diyala Governorate, which resulted in 900 'insurgents' being killed and 2,500 captured, and 59 US, 776 Iraqi, three Georgian and one UK soldiers killed.
By mid-2007 the Islamic State of Iraq, already holding Baqubah and most of the province under its control, declared its capital to be Baqubah.

May 2007 abduction of U.S. soldiers in Iraq

Alex Jimenezan attack on a US military post that cost the live of seven Americansattacked by insurgents in a pre-dawn raid
In May 2007, Islamic State of Iraq claimed responsibility for an attack on a US military post that cost the live of seven Americans.
Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) was a Sunni Islamic militant group that in 2003–2004, under an earlier name, had chosen as killing targets Shia Islamic mosques and civilians, Iraqi government institutions, and the U.S.-led Multi-National Force in Iraq.

Operation Phantom Phoenix

future operations
In Operation Phantom Phoenix, over January–July 2008, the multi-national force in Iraq attempted to hunt down the last 200 Al-Qaeda extremists in the eastern Diyala Governorate, which resulted in 900 'insurgents' being killed and 2,500 captured, and 59 US, 776 Iraqi, three Georgian and one UK soldiers killed.
In mid-October 2006, al-Qaeda announced the creation of Islamic state of Iraq (ISI), replacing the Mujahideen Shura Council (MSC) and its al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI).

2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing

Parliament bombingpenetrates the Green Zone and detonates
The 12 April 2007 Iraqi Parliament bombing was reportedly also claimed by ISI.
On 13 April, the Islamic State of Iraq posted a message on an Islamist website claiming to have sent "A knight from the state of Islam... [into] the heart of the Green Zone" to carry out the attack.

Huthaifa al-Batawi

In November 2010, 12 suspects, including Huthaifa al-Batawi, al-Qaeda in Iraq's "Emir of Baghdad", were arrested in connection with the October 2010 assault on Our Lady of Salvation church in Baghdad.
Abu Huthaifa al-Batawi was a commander in the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) militant group and its leader in Baghdad.

Anbar Salvation Council

movement
ISI on 14 September 2007 claimed responsibility for the killing of Sunni sheikh Abdul Sattar Abu Risha, leader of the Anbar Salvation Council, who had cooperated with the US to push the group out of Anbar Province, and vowed to assassinate other tribal leaders who cooperate with US and Iraqi government forces.
In recent months elderly sheiks and tribal leaders have turned away from the Islamic State of Iraq, a radical Sunni extremist terrorist organization who specializes in car bombs and suicide attacks.

December 2009 Baghdad bombings

8 December 2009 Baghdad bombings8 December 2009A series of attacks
8 December 2009, ISI committed five bomb attacks in Baghdad targeting government buildings and a police patrol, killing 127 people and injuring 448 more.
The Islamic State of Iraq has claimed responsibility for the attacks.

List of bombings during the Iraq War

Terrorist attacks of the Iraq WarBombings and terrorist attacks of the Iraq WarSuicide bombings in Iraq since 2003
*List of bombings during the Iraq War
A 2005 Human Rights Watch report analysed the insurgency in Iraq and highlighted, "The groups that are most responsible for the abuse, namely al-Qaeda in Iraq and its allies, Ansar al-Sunna and the Islamic State of Iraq, have all targeted civilians for abductions and executions. The first two groups have repeatedly boasted about massive car bombs and suicide bombs in mosques, markets, bus stations and other civilian areas. Such acts are war crimes and in some cases may constitute crimes against humanity, which are defined as serious crimes committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population."

Abu Mohammad al-Julani

Abu Mohammad al-GolaniAbu Muhammad al-JulaniAbu Mohammad al-Joulani
In August 2011, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and al-Qaeda's central command authorized the Syrian ISI member Abu Mohammad al-Golani to set up a Syrian offshoot of al Qaeda, to bring down the Syrian Assad government and establish an Islamic state there.
After his release from Camp Bucca prison in 2008, al-Julani resumed his militant work, this time alongside Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the head of the then Islamic State of Iraq (ISI).